Philippine five peso note

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Five pesos
(Philippines)
Value 5 pesos
Width 160 mm
Height 66 mm
Security features Security fibers, Watermark, See-through mark, Concealed value, Security thread
Paper type 90% cotton
10% linen
Years of printing 1896-1996
Obverse
Php bill 5 front.jpg
Design Emilio Aguinaldo, Philippine independence marker
Designer Romeo Mananquil
Design date 1985
Reverse
Php bill 5 back.jpg
Design Declaration of Philippine independence
Designer Romeo Mananquil
Design date 1985

The Philippine five-peso note (₱5) is a denomination of Philippine currency. Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo is featured on the front side of the bill, while the Declaration of the Philippine Independence is featured on the reverse side. This banknote was circulated until the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas stopped printing this denomination in 1996 (with the last production year was 1995 despite that it is the only banknote in the series to not have a year since the production was stopped before 1998 and there is no year mark below the denomination) and was replaced by coins.

Pre-independence history[edit]

  • 1903: Philippine Islands issued silver certificates. Features a portrait of William McKinley.
  • 1908: Banco Español Filipino issued notes.
  • 1920: BPI issued notes.
  • 1936: PNB issued notes.
  • 1937: Philippine Commonwealth issued treasury certificate. Features the portraits of William McKinley and George Dewey on both sides of the obverse. This series were later overprinted with the word "VICTORY" on the reverse after the liberation of the Philippines under Japanese rule in 1944.
  • 1942: Japanese government issued series. Features a farmer in a forest on the right of the obverse, with the number "5" on the center. Another version, this time featuring the Rizal Monument on the right of the obverse, was released in 1944. The banknotes ceased to be legal tender after the liberation.

Post-independence history[edit]

Aguinaldo first appeared on the five peso bill upon the release of the New Design series notes in 1985.

  • 1951: English series, Features the portraits of Marcelo H. Del Pilar and Graciano Lopez-Jaena, two important figures of the Propaganda movement before the Philippine revolution, on the obverse. The reverse features the official newspaper of the propaganda movement, the La Solidaridad.
  • 1969: Pilipino series, Andres Bonifacio replaced the portraits of Del Pilar and Lopez-Jaena. The note is now predominantly green in color. On the reverse, it now features the scenario of how to be a member of Katipunan through signing a contract by their own blood. The design of the obverse was later revised, the font for the text Republika ng Pilipinas and Limang Piso was changed, the color of the portrait of Bonifacio was changed from brown to green and geometric lines were added on the sides and the watermark area of the bill. This design was later used when the Bagong Lipunan series was released in 1973.
  • 1972: Ang Bagong Lipunan series, The "Ang Bagong Lipunan" text was added and was overprinted on the watermark area.
  • 1985: New design series, The bill was completely redesigned and Emilio Aguinaldo replaced Bonifacio in this series. The NHCP historical marker in the Barasoain Church (indicating the foundation of the First Philippine Republic, which Aguinaldo became its president) along with a cannon can be seen on the right side of the obverse. On the reverse, a scene from the Declaration of the Philippine Independence is featured. This was previously featured on the reverse of the Ang Bagong Lipunan series two peso banknote.
  • 1993: After the creation of the "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas", its new logo was incorporated on all the New Design series bills.
  • 1996: The printing of this banknote was stopped after the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas released the new ₱5 coin denomination that coincided the launching of the Improved Flora and Fauna series coins. Also, it is due to the release of the new BSP series five peso coin (in which the bills also belong to the series since 1993). Existing banknotes remained legal tender and are scheduled to be demonetized on July 1, 2017 after the release of the New Generation series bills in 2010.

Commemorative issues[edit]

Throughout its existence, the five peso bill was often overprinted to commemorate certain events, namely:

  • State visit of President Corazon Aquino to the United States of America: In 1986, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas released a commemorative banknote for the commemoration of state visit of President Corazon Aquino to the United States. The overprint features the seal of the Philippine President with the words "PAGDALAW NG PANGULONG CORAZON C. AQUINO SA AMERIKA" and the date "SET. 15-23, 1986" is displayed below.
  • Canonization of Lorenzo Ruiz: The overprint features the first Filipino saint named San Lorenzo Ruiz with the words "KANONISASYON NG PINAGPALANG SAN LORENZO RUIZ" and the date "OKTUBRE 18, 1987".
  • 40th anniversary of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas: BSP released the overprint in commemoration of its 40th anniversary. It is printed in red, has the words "IKA-40 ANIBERSARYO" and "BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS - 1949-1989" and features its building in Manila.
  • Commemoration of Women's rights: The overprint features a portrait of a woman holding a Philippine flag and around it has the words "KABABAIHAN PARA SA KAUNLARAN - 1990".
  • Plenary Council of the Philippines: Features a cross, the Philippine map on the lower-right corner of the circle, and the PX monogram. Around it are the words "UNITE ALL THINGS UNDER CHRIST (EPH 1:10)", "II PLENARY COUNCIL OF THE PHILIPPINES", and below it is the date "20 JANUARY TO 17 FEBRUARY 1991". This is the only time the overprint is in English language and the only commemorative banknote that features the signature of BSP governor Jose L. Cuisia, Jr.