Philippine general election, 1992

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Presidential and vice presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the Presidency down to municipal councillors in the first general election under the 1987 Constitution. Even though she was permitted by the Constitution to run for a second term, President Corazon Aquino did not stand for re-election.

Retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President of the Philippines by a small margin, narrowly defeating populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in Philippine electoral history. Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days, but was overtaken by Ramos afterwards. Santiago accused Ramos of fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence, but her protest was eventually dismissed.

The 1992 election was the second time both the President and Vice-President came from different parties. Film actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Ramos' Vice-President by a landslide victory.

Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in the polls. The first twelve senators who garnered the highest votes would have a six-year term while the next twelve senators would have a three-year term. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice-Mayor Vicente Sotto III got the highest number of votes.

Results[edit]

For President[edit]

Summary[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Fidel V. Ramos Lakas 5,342,521 23.58%
Miriam Defensor-Santiago PRP 4,468,173 19.72%
Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. NPC 4,116,376 18.17%
Ramon Mitra, Jr. LDP 3,316,661 14.64%
Imelda Marcos KBL 2,338,294 10.32%
Jovito Salonga Liberal 2,302,123 10.16%
Salvador Laurel Nacionalista 770,046 3.40%
Valid votes 22,654,195 93.4%
Invalid votes 1,600,759 6.6%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.00%
Source: Congress of the Philippines

Breakdown[edit]

For Vice President[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Joseph Estrada NPC 6,739,738 33.00%
Marcelo Fernan LDP 4,438,494 21.74%
Emilio Osmeña Lakas 3,362,467 16.47%
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. PRP 2,900,556 14.20%
Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. PDP-Laban 2,023,289 9.91%
Vicente Magsaysay KBL 699,895 3.43%
Eva Estrada-Kalaw Nacionalista 255,730 1.25%
Valid votes 20,420,169 84.2%
Invalid votes 3,834,785 15.8%
Votes cast 24,254,954 75.5%
Registered voters 32,141,079 100.0%

For Senator[edit]

Tally of votes[edit]

The top 12 elected candidates were to serve from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 1998 while the following 12 elected candidates were to serve from June 30, 1992 until June 30, 1995. A total of 166 candidates ran for senator.

e • d May 11, 1992 Philippine Senate election result
Rank Candidate Party Votes
1 Tito Sotto LDP 11,792,121
2 Ramon Revilla, Sr. LDP 8,321,278
3 Edgardo Angara LDP 8,019,011
4 Ernesto Herrera LDP 7,219,170
5 Alberto Romulo LDP 6,824,256
6 Ernesto Maceda NPC 6,820,717
7 Orlando S. Mercado LDP 6,691,132
8 Neptali Gonzales LDP 6,578,582
9 Leticia Ramos Shahani Lakas 6,578,582
10 Heherson Alvarez LDP 6,360,898
11 Blas Ople LDP 6,024,930
12 Freddie Webb LDP 5,929,426
13 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo LDP 5,858,950
14 Teofisto Guingona, Jr. LDP 5,830,044
15 Nina Rasul Lakas 5,546,803
16 Joey Lina LDP 5,064,291
17 Nikki Coseteng NPC 5,008,981
18 Arturo Tolentino NPC 4,929,625
19 Raul Roco LDP 4,884,455
20 Rodolfo Biazon LDP 4,863,752
21 Wigberto Tañada LiberalPDP-Laban 4,492,718
22 Francisco Tatad NPC 4,487,896
23 John Henry Osmeña NPC 4,408,145
24 Agapito Aquino LDP 3,964,966
25 Alfredo Bengzon Lakas 3,964,000
26 Carlos M. Padilla, Jr. LDP 3,828,679
27 Alexander Aguirre NPC 3,755,837
28 Mamintal Tamano LDP 3,642,828
29 Jose Concepcion, Jr. LDP 3,598,935
30 Silvestre Bello III Lakas 3,559,202
31 Francisco Sumulong Lakas 3,167,838
32 Estelito Mendoza NPC 3,122,467
33 Victor Ziga LiberalPDP-Laban 3,151,251
34 Sotero Laurel Nacionalista 3,002,874
35 Francisco Chavez Lakas 2,948,912
36 Ruben D. Torres Lakas 2,737,112
37 Rafael Recto KBL 2,726,189
38 Florencio Abad LiberalPDP-Laban 2,494,643
39 Narciso Monfort LDP 2,483,459
40 Augusto Pangan KBL 2,408,185
41 Eduardo Pilapil Lakas 2,065,900
42 Ramon Jacinto Lakas 1,873,910
43 Eddie Ilarde Nacionalista 1,800,077
44 Arsenio Yulo, Jr. Lakas 1,774,931
45 Gerardo Espina Sr. NPC 1,755,120
46 Nemesio Prudente LiberalPDP-Laban 1,747,569
47 Guillermo Carague Lakas 1,743,896
48 Wencelito Andanar LDP 1,711,611
49 Tomas Gomez III Lakas 1,696,311
50 Adolfo Azcuna Lakas 1,640,220
51 Jose Tamayo NPC 1,634,268
52 Ramon Villarama, Jr. LDP 1,629,846
53 Homobono Adaza Nacionalista 1,551,366
54 Vincent Crisologo Nacionalista 1,551,068
55 Manuel Morato Lakas 1,516,715
56 Rodrigo Gutang LDP 1,508,552
57 Ruben Ancheta NPC 1,506,700
58 Vivian Hultman NPC 1,459,535
59 Leonor Luciano LDP 1,445,179
60 Aurelio Periquet Lakas 1,243,438
61 Vicente Rivera, Jr. NPC 1,177,056
62 Ramon Orosa Nacionalista 1,164,990
63 Adolfo Geronimo NPC 1,154,934
64 Sanchez Ali Lakas 1,073,750
65 Lorna Verano-Yap LiberalPDP-Laban 1,050,304
66 Felix Brawner, Jr. NPC 1,036,963
67 Zosimo Jesus Paredes II NPC 1,029,813
68 Leonardo Quisumbing Lakas 1,021,627
69 Rod B. Navarro KBL 966,823
70 Elsa Payumo NPC 936,926
71 Fortunato Abat PRP 928,417
72 Jose Antonio Leviste PRP 919,229
73 Katrina Santos NPC 914,763
74 Julio Cesar Climaco NPC 882,680
75 Rufus Rodriguez NPC 812,144
76 Macapanton Abbas LiberalPDP-Laban 806,434
77 Wilson Gamboa Nacionalista 803,995
78 Blo Umpar Adiong NPC 762,688
79 Johnny Wilson KBL 753,627
80 Jose Malvar Romero, Jr. Lakas 739,919
81 Marietta Corazon Primicias-Goco Lakas 737,676
82 Reynaldo San Juan LiberalPDP-Laban 729,610
83 Ramon Garcia LiberalPDP-Laban 717,341
84 Israel Bocobo Lakas 707,568
85 Rogelio Arienda Nacionalista 704,450
86 Jose Villegas, Jr. Lakas 688,718
87 Jose Antonio Carpio LiberalPDP-Laban 668,746
88 James Barbers KBL 664,019
89 Manuel Barcelona, Jr. NPC 618,539
90 Jaime Cura Lakas 612,363
91 Conrado Manicad Lakas 606,577
92 Fernando Barrican NPC 602,169
93 Mario Leviste NPC 556,375
94 Jose Lopez Lakas 543,186
95 Alejandro Fider NPC 507,580
96 Jonathan Rivera PRP 502,858
97 Miguel Acebedo LiberalPDP-Laban 477,778
98 Elfren Cruz LiberalPDP-Laban 461,371
99 Esteban Osmeña Nacionalista 447,196
100 Vicente Piccio, Jr. KBL 439,995
101 Marcelino Arias Nacionalista 428,716
102 Mariano Reyes PRP 414,577
103 Doroteo Salazar Nacionalista 414,061
104 Arturo Padua KBL 413,123
105 Cristino Abasolo, Jr. PRP 409,905
106 Oliver O. Lozano KBL 407,538
107 Abdullah Madale PRP 391,723
108 Jose Cordova PRP 379,383
109 Nora Daza Nacionalista 379,157
110 Josephus Ramas KBL 378,451
111 Dante De Guzman PRP 376,327
112 Mariano Santiago Nacionalista 373,161
113 Carlos Cajelo PRP 370,901
114 Alfredo Lamen KBL 349,796
115 Camilo Diel, Jr. LiberalPDP-Laban 345,728
116 Edgardo Abenina Nacionalista 342,908
117 Melchor Ines PRP 337,449
118 Ramon Tagle LiberalPDP-Laban 326,153
119 Albert Umali PRP 319,842
120 Florangel Braid LiberalPDP-Laban 310,953
121 Simeon Alejandro KBL 308,618
122 Rommel Corro KBL 307,832
123 Antonio Policarpio PRP 299,538
124 Renato Ecarma PRP 291,236
125 Salvador Panelo KBL 289,416
126 Jaime Echevarria KBL 287,342
127 Pacifico Lopez de Leon KBL 283,236
128 Ponciano Subido LiberalPDP-Laban 270,608
129 Jaime Muyargas PRP 258,711
130 Jesus Martinez KBL 257,276
131 Abdul Sarip Macmod KBL 250,548
132 Roger Panotes Nacionalista 242,543
133 Raul Contreras LiberalPDP-Laban 224,004
134 Efren Sumajit PRP 215,563
135 Oscar Morado LiberalPDP-Laban 203,859
136 Leonora Petines KBL 199,718
137 Miguel Lopez, Jr. Independent 199,593
138 Madrino Muñoz KBL 199,359
139 Gerardo Del Mundo LiberalPDP-Laban 197,249
140 Crisostomo Vitug Nacionalista 193,222
141 Wilfredo Rafols LiberalPDP-Laban 186,004
142 Elpidio Valera KBL 185,845
143 Amado Gat Inciong Nacionalista 183,446
144 Hjalmar Quintana Nacionalista 165,212
145 Luis Garchitorena KBL 158,500
146 Jovencio Kintanar PMP 158,200
147 Ramon Maronilla Nacionalista 156,138
148 Bonifacio Tupaz Nacionalista 154,939
149 Jose Tumbokon KBL 151,748
150 Benjamin Nuega KBL 144,064
151 Norberto Romualdez III Nacionalista 141,741
152 Genaro Mabasa LiberalPDP-Laban 133,677
153 Alfredo De Gracia KBL 116,981
154 Gonzalo Villa Nacionalista 111,753
155 Juanito Arribas Independent 105,671
156 Horacio Marasigan Independent 105,172
157 Alfredo Zerrudo LiberalPDP-Laban 96,614
158 Dominico Casas PRP 90,804
159 Antonio Fa. Muyot Nacionalista 61,339
160 Conrado Leonardo PMP 48,337
161 Rolando Quintos PMP 38,581
162 Ruperto Martin LiberalPDP-Laban 11,784
163 Datu Ray Ibrahim Uy Nacionalista 6,278
164 Melchor G. Chavez LiberalPDP-Laban 0 (disqualified)
Source: Philippine Commission on Elections


For members of the House of Representatives[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1992 Philippine House of Representatives election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats won
Total  % Total  %
LDP 6,286,922 33.7 86 43.2
Lakas 3,951,144 17.3 40 20.1
NPC 3,478,780 18.7 30 15.1
Liberal/PDP-Laban alliance 1,644,568 8.8 11 5.5
Nacionalista 730,696 3.9 7 3.5
Candidates that ran under 2 or more parties 679,411 3.6 14 7.0
KBL 438,577 2.4 3 1.5
Others 491,970 2.6 2 1.0
Independent 938,558 5.0 6 3.0
Total 18,640,626 100.0 199 100.0
Source: Teehankee, Julio. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines" (PDF). quezon.ph. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 

Political Parties in 1992[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]