Philippine general election, 2010

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Elections for all positions in the Philippines above the barangay (except for Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao regional level) were held on May 10, 2010. The elected president is Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino, the 15th President of the Philippines, succeeding President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo who was barred from seeking re-election due to term restrictions. The successor of vice-president Noli de Castro is Jejomar Binay, the 15th vice president of the Philippines. The legislators elected in the 2010 elections have joined the senators of the 2007 elections and comprise the 15th Congress of the Philippines.

The 2010 election was administered by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) in compliance with the Republic Act No. 9369,[1] also known as the Amended Computerization Act of 2007. It was the first national computerized election in the history of the Philippines. Although there were cases of precinct count optical scan (PCOS) machine failures, there was no postponement of elections since most technical issues were resolved by election day.[2] Despite the fact that some provinces have reported failure of elections, these have not surpassed the 0.50% of the total number of PCOS machines, and most were replaced on time.[3]

Local elections were held in all provinces, cities and municipalities for provincial governors, vice governors and board members, and city/municipal mayors, vice mayors and councilors.

There were more than 85,000 candidates for 17,000 national and local positions and it is believed that the youth had the swing vote in this election as 40% of voters are 18-35 and there are a potential 3 million first-time voters.[4]

Background[edit]

The current Philippine constitution allows a president to serve for only one six-year term; however, former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo served for a total of nine years because she took over the last three years of Joseph Estrada's administration when Estrada was ousted as the result of the 2001 EDSA Revolution. In 2004, Arroyo won the election and finished her 6-year term in 2010.

General issues[edit]

Number of registered voters as compared to the national total per province (left), and voter turnout per province (right).

In a decision dated December 2, 2009, the Supreme Court ruled that appointive officials seeking positions in the elections do not need to resign from their posts, striking down Section 4(a) of COMELEC Resolution 8678, Section 13 of Republic Act 9369, and Section 66 of the Omnibus Election Code as unconstitutional, "for violating the equal protection clause and being too broad."[5]

Party-switching[edit]

As election day approached, several politicians switched political parties in order to gain votes and funding for the campaign. Many switches were controversial, with the ruling party Lakas Kampi CMD having the most defections, most of which went either to the Liberal Party or to the Nacionalista Party.

The politicians who switched parties after the start of the local campaign period are:

Date Politician Running for Old party New party
March 24 Jose Maria Zubiri, Jr.[6] Vice Governor of Bukidnon Lakas-Kampi Nacionalista
April 11 Arturo Uy[7] Governor of Compostela Valley Lakas-Kampi Nacionalista
April 12 Neptali Gonzales II[8] Congressman of Mandaluyong Lakas-Kampi Liberal
April 12 Roilo Golez[9] Congressman of Parañaque's 2nd district Independent Liberal
April 14 Joey Salceda[10] Governor of Albay Lakas-Kampi Liberal
April 15 Benasing Macarambon[11] Congressman of Lanao del Sur's 2nd district Lakas-Kampi Nacionalista
April 20 Mary Ann Susano[12] Mayor of Quezon City Lakas-Kampi PMP

Furthermore, Luis "Chavit" Singson resigned from Lakas and endorsed a candidate aside from Gilberto Teodoro, but did not join another party. Singson endorsed Villar, then resigned from Lakas, but has not joined Villar's Nacionalista Party.[13]

Controversies[edit]

Five days before the elections, petitions were made to postpone the elections due to technical malfunctions with the electronic voting machines.[14] On May 7, 2010, the Supreme Court rejected the petitions, affirming the vote would go ahead as planned.[15]

Several cities and provinces encountered several problems, postponing the election. In Caloocan, voting was delayed as the box of ballots delivered to clustered precinct 599 in the city's Pajo district contained ballots for a clustered precinct in Sampaloc, Manila.[16]

Election-related violence[edit]

Election hotspots in the Philippines.

Prior to the end of the filing of certificates of candidacy, the COMELEC had anticipated several areas to be named as "election hotspots".

On November 23, 2009, the entourage of the wife of Buluan, Maguindanao vice-mayor Esmael Mangudadatu who ran for provincial governor, including journalists, were abducted and killed in the province's town of Ampatuan.[17] Before she was killed, Mangudadatu's wife blamed provincial governor Andal Ampatuan Jr. as the culprit.[18] Ampatuan Jr. was later arrested.[19] After several arms and military vehicles were seized in Ampatuans' properties and government installations, President Arroyo declared martial law in parts of the province not controlled by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front on December 4.[20]

On December 28, 2009, a candidate for councilor died, and two incumbent officials were wounded in an ambush in Dingras, Ilocos Norte. The gunmen fired at the convoy including barangay chairwoman Joen Caniete, who was running for councilor under the Nacionalista Party; the wounded included a sitting councilor and a provincial board member.[21]

In Sorsogon, Julio Esquivias, a Nacionalista candidate for councilor in the town of Casiguran, died due to a gunshot wound after he was shot by an unidentified gunman.[22]

In a command conference by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, Philippine National Police and the COMELEC, 14 election "hotspots" were identified. They were Abra, Ilocos Norte, Masbate and Nueva Ecija in Luzon, Samar (Western Samar), Eastern Samar and Antique in the Visayas, and Basilan, Sulu, Maguindanao, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, and Zamboanga Sibugay in Mindanao.[23]

Worsening private armed violence was a serious security concern which had the capacity to undermine the 2010 elections. Even though a commission was already formed to dismantle private armies, skeptics were unconvinced that the government could have succeeded in this task as it had a poor track record of dealing with the ongoing problem of internal violence.[24]

Before election day, a bomb exploded at 1:20 a.m. in Ampatuan, Maguindanao. No casualties were reported. In Conception, Iloilo, armed men fired at the Liberal Party headquarters. No casualties were reported.[25]

During election day, three bombs exploded at a polling precinct at Pakpak elementary school in Marawi City, Lanao del Sur. No casualties or injuries were reported. Another bomb exploded in Zamboanga Sibugay, killing three people. Two bombs exploded at Mindanao State University where several polling precinct were clustered. An NK2 grenade exploded at Shariff Aguak, Maguindanao. No casualties reported. On the same day, at 12:00nn (PST), a shooting incident happened in the same area between the rival candidates. Two innocent persons were killed.

As of 1:30pm (PST) fourteen casualties were reported due to election-related violence. at 2:25pm (PST), a shooting incident in a barangay in Maguindanao caused the local cancellation of the elections.

Constitutionality of the elections[edit]

Many concerned civil society groups including the Center for People Empowerment in Governance (CenPEG), Philippine Computer Society (PCS), and Global Filipino Nation (GFN) protested the illegality and unconstitutionality of how the elections were conducted, particularly with implementing safety measures against fraud and cheating.

In an interim report by GFN 2010 Election Observers Team released on May 27 titled "Foreign Observers Challenge Election Legitimacy", they presented arguments questioning the May 10, 2010 elections summarized below:

  1. The election results transmitted from the precincts do not have digital signatures of the Board of Election Inspectors (BEI)
  2. The number of disenfranchised voters is sufficient to greatly affect the results of the elections.
  3. The Automated Election System (AES) was implemented without the appropriate field testing, and law-specified testing in actual elections.
  4. The source code review was not completed and initial findings were not addressed.
  5. No audit was done on the AES prior to the elections. There was only a mandated random manual audit which was not yet done at the time the report was written (May 27, 2010).
  6. Several voter and security features were disabled prior to elections.

Many different groups also echoed the same sentiments like Kaakbay Partylist in its critique of the May 10, 2010 polls.[26] They also questioned the removal of digital signatures

Removal of digital signatures[edit]

While Republic Act 9369 states that "The election returns transmitted electronically and digitally signed shall be considered as official election results and shall be used as the basis for the canvassing of votes and the proclamation of a candidate.",[27] the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) issued Resolution 8786 on March 4, 2010 which became the basis for the decision to remove digital signatures which the COMELEC ruled as no longer necessary. Three Board of Election Inspectors (BEIs) were originally required to put in their iButton Key for the results to be digitally signed before transmission and make it official. But because of the issuance of COMELEC Resolution 8786, BEIs were directed to press "No" when asked by the PCOS machines to digitally sign the files for transmission.[28]

In the joint committee meeting at Batasang Pambansa, Senator Enrile asked the COMELEC officials why they removed the use of the digital signatures. Cesar Flores, Smartmatic Asia Pacific president, said “The voting machine has a digital signature in itself which is also corroborated in the card and the password that is provided to the BEIs. The BEIs when they sign the password, they encrypt the result, and the result is digitally signed.” (Sic)[26] [29]

Kaakbay Partylist released its critique of the election on June 6, 2010. The group cited complaints regarding the removal of main security features and verifiability of votes and also answered the arguments of those given by the COMELEC officials:

"On March 4, 2010, Comelec issued Resolution 8786 dated March 4, 2010, essentially disabling the use of digital signatures. Thus, the electronically transmitted votes from the precincts no longer bear digital signatures. Several excuses were given by Comelec ranging from PCOS machine signatures being equivalent to digital signature (which of course is not true); use of digital signature will require another P1 billion (as if digital feature is not included in the P7.1-billion contract); reducing transmission time (how less than one minute signing digitally will reduce much a transmission of about 30 to 60 minutes?); and the PCOS i-button and BEI Personal Identification Numbers (PINs) are equivalents (of course, not)".[26]

Results[edit]

Reports indicated that the election day was marred with controversies, particularly in the insurgent-ridden province of Mindanao, though other provinces also faced difficulties such as computer glitches on the voting machines, disorderly conduct, vote buying, and violence.[30] In Cebu City, spikes placed by unidentified men on the road caused a delay in the delivery of ballot boxes throughout the province of Cebu early Monday.[31]

A total of over 76,340 precinct count optical scanner (PCOS) machines, about 5,000 back-up units, and about 1,700 servers were deployed in the country's first nationwide fully automated elections—from counting of votes to transmission and canvassing of election results. Election day had live full coverage from GMA 7 and ABS-CBN. Besides logistical problems, during the last few days prior to the election poll machine and services supplier Smartmatic-Total Information Management (TIM) found cases of PCOS machine failures. Nonetheless, it was decided not to postpone elections since the technical issues were resolved quickly and the solution could be deployed by the day of election. Despite the fact that some provinces reported issues in the election process, these did not surpass the 0.50% of the total number of PCOS machines, and most were replaced on time, as planned for. As a result of the delays, the COMELEC extended voting hours from 6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. and continued through the night transmitting the votes from every precinct scattered across the country.

After the elections closed and transmissions from PCOS machines began arriving en masse and the COMELEC was able to publish the first partial results, many former doubts and concerns vanished, replaced by astonishment due to the unprecedented speed of the tally[32]

President[edit]

Presidential election results.

The presidential candidate with the greatest number of votes, Benigno Aquino III was declared the winner. A separate election was held for the vice president; the two elected officials need not be running mates in order to be elected.


e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine presidential election results
Candidates Parties Votes %
Benigno Aquino III Liberal Party 15,208,678 42.08%
Joseph Estrada Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (Force of the Filipino Masses) 9,487,837 26.25%
Manny Villar Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party) 5,573,835 15.42%
Gilberto Teodoro Lakas Kampi CMD (People Power–Partner of Free Filipinos–Christian Muslim Democrats) 4,095,839 11.33%
Eddie Villanueva Bangon Pilipinas Party (Rise Up Philippines) 1,125,878 3.12%
Richard Gordon Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation–Volunteers for a New Philippines) 501,727 1.39%
Nicanor Perlas Independent 54,575 0.15%
Jamby Madrigal Independent 46,489 0.13%
John Carlos de los Reyes Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) 44,244 0.12%
Total 36,139,102 100%
Valid votes 36,139,102 94.73%
Vetallano Acosta[p 1] Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) 181,985 0.48%
Invalid votes 2,010,269 5.27%
Votes cast 38,149,371 74.38%
Registered voters 51,292,555
  1. ^ Disqualified after the ballots were printed. All of his votes are considered spoiled

Vice President[edit]

Vice presidential results.
e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidates Parties Votes %
Jejomar Binay Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power)[v 1] 14,645,574 41.65%
Mar Roxas Liberal Party 13,918,490 39.58%
Loren Legarda Nationalist People's Coalition[v 2] 4,294,664 12.21%
Bayani Fernando Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation–Volunteers for a New Philippines) 1,017,631 2.89%
Edu Manzano Lakas Kampi CMD (People Power–Partner of Free Filipinos–Christian Muslim Democrats) 807,728 2.30%
Perfecto Yasay Bangon Pilipinas Party (Rise Up Philippines) 364,652 1.04%
Jay Sonza Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) 64,230 0.18%
Dominador Chipeco, Jr. Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) 52,562 0.15%
Valid votes 35,165,555 92.18%
Invalid votes 2,983,816 7.82%
Votes cast 38,149,371 74.38%
Registered voters 51,292,555
  1. ^ Binay is Joseph Estrada's (PMP) guest candidate for vice president.
  2. ^ Legarda is Manny Villar's (Nacionalista) guest candidate for vice president.

Congress[edit]

Senate[edit]

Parties that had the plurality of votes in each province.

One-half of the Philippine Senate was up for election. The Philippines uses the plurality-at-large voting system for the Senate race.

e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine Senate election results per party
Party Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Swing Entered Up Not up Won Won in 2007 End 14th 15th +/−
Start %
Liberal (Liberal Party) 78,227,817 26.34% Increase 15.62% 10 2 2 3 4 4 4 17% Steady
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 49,585,503 16.69% Increase 6.61% 7 1 2 2 4 3 4 17% Increase 1
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 47,111,982 15.86% Increase 15.86% 5 2 0 2 2 2 2 8% Steady
Lakas-Kampia (People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats-Partner of Free Filipinos) 38,123,091 12.83% Decrease 13.84% 6 2 2 2 4 4 4 17% Steady
PRP (People's Reform Party) 17,344,742 5.84% Increase 5.84% 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 4% Steady
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 13,409,616 4.51% Decrease 13.61% 2 0 1 1 2 1 2 8% Increase 1
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power) 6,635,023 2.23% Increase 1.85% 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0% Decrease 1
Bangon Pilipinas (Rise Up, Philippines) 6,486,749 2.18% Increase 2.18% 9b 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
PROMDI (Provinces First Development Initiative) 3,980,370 1.34% Increase 1.34% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Bayan Muna (Nation First) 3,539,345 1.19% Increase 1.19% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
GAD/Gabaybayan (Grand Alliance for Democracy/Guide to the Nation) 3,331,083 1.12% Increase 1.12% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
KBL (New Society Movement) 2,769,847 0.93% Increase 0.03% 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) 2,486,241 0.84% Increase 0.14% 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% Steady
LDP (Struggle of the Democratic Filipinos) Not participating 0 1 0 1 1 1 4% Steady
Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) Not participating 1 0 0 0 1 0 0% Decrease 1
Independent 24,004,705 8.08% Increase 0.80% 5 1 4 1 1 5 5 21% Steady
Vacancy 1 1 1 4% Steady
Total votes 297,036,114 NA Increase 10.38% 61 12 12 12 24 24 24 100% Steady
Turnout 38,149,371 74.38% Increase 29.33%
Registered voters 51,292,555 100% Increase 19.05%

^a Votes and seats for KAMPI and Lakas-CMD in 2007, which were running on a common ticket, were combined; KAMPI and Lakas-CMD later merged in 2008.
^b Including Imelda Papin and Zosimo Paredes who switched from KBL and Ang Kapatiran respectively to Bangon Pilipinas.[33]


House of Representatives[edit]

House of Representative elections results for representatives elected via congressional districts.
Result of the party-list election: inner ring is the proportion of votes, outer ring is the proportion of seats won. The large gray slice on the inner ring represents all parties that did not win a seat.

All seats in the House were up for election, elections were done for legislative districts and party-list.

e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010, Philippine House of Representatives election results for representatives from congressional districts
Party Popular vote Breakdown Seats
Total % Entered Up Gained Held Lost New Won %[n 1] +/−
Lakas (People Power-–Partner of Free Filipinos–Christian Muslim Democrats) 12,769,649 37.41% 164 121 13 86 35 7 106 36.93% Decrease 15
KABAKA (Partner of the Nation for Progress) 70,852 0.21% 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.35% Steady
SARRO (Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization) 60,899 0.18% 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0.00% Decrease 1
Lakas-Kampi-CMD coalition 12.901,400 37.80% 166 123 13 87 36 7 107 37.28% Decrease 16
Liberal (Liberal Party) 6,802,227 19.93% 134 33 21 23 10 3 47 16.43% Increase 14
KKK (Struggle for Peace, Progress and Justice) 11,076 0.03% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Liberal coalition 6,813,303 19.96% 135 33 21 23 10 3 47 16.43% Increase 14
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 3,872,637 11.35% 64 25 7 18 7 0 25 9.08% Steady
Kusug (Promote Progress for Cebu) 126,144 0.37% 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
PCM (People's Champ Movement) 120,052 0.35% 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.35% Increase 1
Ugyon Kita Capiz (Unite Capiz) 45,859 0.13% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Nacionalista coalition 4,164,692 11.35% 68 25 7 18 7 0 26 9.09% Increase 1
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 853,619 2.50% 45 2 1 1 1 2 4 1.40% Increase 2
Navoteño (Party of the People of Navotas) 76,276 0.22% 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.35% Increase 1
Magdiwang (Magdiwang Party) 47,840 0.14% 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.35% Increase 1
PMP coalition 977,735 2.50% 47 2 2 1 1 3 6 2.10% Increase 4
Aton Tamdon Utod Negrosa-non (Let's Take Care of our Brother Negrenses) 42,796 0.12% 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Lingkod Taguig (Service to Taguig) 16,990 0.05% 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Decrease 1
Buklod (Bond) 876 0.00% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Unaffiliated local parties 60,662 0.18% 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Decrease 1
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 5,450,135 15.97% 72 25 10 10 3 0 29 10.14% Increase 7
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power) 246,697 0.72% 14 5[n 2] 0 2 0 0 2 0.69% Decrease 3
Bigkis Pinoy (United Filipino) 206,929 0.61% 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
PDSP (Philippine Social Democratic Party) 171,345 0.50% 4 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.35% Increase 1
LDP (Struggle of the Democratic Filipinos) 162,434 0.48% 3 1 1 1 0 0 2 0.69% Increase 1
KBL (New Society Movement) 158,416 0.47% 10 0 1 0 0 0 1 0.35% Increase 1
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 151,434 0.44% 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Lapiang Manggagawa (Workers' Party) 86,556 0.22% 3 1 0 1 0 0 1 0.35% Steady
Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation–Volunteers for a New Philippines) 74,319 0.22% 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
GAD (Grand Alliance for Democracy) 47,677 0.14% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) 45,631 0.13% 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
PGRP (Philippine Green Republican Party) 21,636 0.06% 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Bangon Pilipinas (Rise Up Philippines) 11,294 0.03% 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Lapiang Manggagawa Workers and Peasants Party 8,894 0.03% 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00% Steady
Independent 2,371,949 6.95% 228 5[n 3] 4 2 3 1 7 2.43% Increase 2
Vacancies 4 0 0 4 0 Decrease 4
New districts 10 0 0 0 10 Increase 10
Total 34,133,464 100% 792 215 61 154 61 14 229 80.07% Increase 14
Valid votes 34,463,474 91.53%
Invalid votes[n 4] 3,292,237 8.83%
Total turnout[n 4] 37,293,960 73.52%
Registered voters[n 5] 50,723,733 100%
  1. ^ Of all 286 House members, including party-list representatives.
  2. ^ Includes United Opposition members.
  3. ^ Includes Jose de Venecia Jr., who currently has no party.
  4. ^ a b Includes votes for Sandugo party, whose only nominee withdrew, but his name stayed on the ballot. Numbers for invalid votes in the Bulacan–1st, both Camarines Norte districts and both Lanao del Sur districts are not available.
  5. ^ Excludes overseas absentee voters (568,732) who are ineligible to vote for district representatives.
e • d Summary of the May 10, 2010 Philippine House of Representatives party-list election results
Party Popular vote Seats
Total % Up Won +/−
AKB 1,524,006 5.20% 0 3 Increase 3
Senior Citizens 1,296,950 4.42% 1 2 Increase 1
Buhay 1,250,467 4.27% 3 2 Decrease 1
Akbayan 1,061,947 3.62% 2 2 Steady
GABRIELA 1,006,752 3.43% 2 2 Steady
Coop-NATCCO 944,864 3.22% 2 2 Steady
1-CARE 770,015 2.63% 0 2 Increase 2
Abono 766,993 2.62% 2 2 Steady
Bayan Muna 750,100 2.56% 3 2 Decrease 1
An Waray 712,405 2.43% 2 2 Steady
CIBAC 653,399 2.23% 2 2 Steady
A TEACHER 617,898 2.11% 2 2 Steady
AGAP 516,052 1.76% 2 1 Decrease 1
Butil 507,091 1.73% 2 1 Decrease 1
Anakpawis 447,201 1.53% 2 1 Decrease 1
Kabataan 418,776 1.43% 1 1 Steady
LPGMA 417,771 1.43% 0 1 Increase 1
ABAMIN 378,345 1.29% 0 1 Increase 1
ACT Teachers 372,903 1.27% 0 1 Increase 1
AAMBIS-Owa 357,804 1.22% 0 1 Increase 1
YACAP 337,487 1.15% 1 1 Steady
APEC 313,689 1.07% 2 1 Decrease 1
ANAD 297,984 1.02% 1 1 Steady
Ang Kasangga 296,695 1.01% 1 1 Steady
BH 293,079 1.00% 0 1 Increase 1
Ang Galing Pinoy 269,273 0.92% 0 1 Increase 1
Agbiag 263,234 0.90% 0 1 Increase 1
PBA 258,869 0.88% 0 1 Increase 1
ABS 257,457 0.88% 1 1 Steady
TUCP 245,031 0.84% 1 1 Steady
AGHAM 242,630 0.83% 0 1 Increase 1
DIWA 239,029 0.82% 0 1 Increase 1
KAKUSA 234,788 0.80% 1 1 Steady
Kalinga 230,516 0.79% 0 1 Increase 1
ALIF 227,431 0.78% 1 1 Steady
Alagad 227,281 0.78% 2 1 Decrease 1
1-UTAK 220,617 0.75% 1 1 Steady
Una ang Pamilya 218,181 0.74% 0 1 Increase 1
AVE 216,100 0.74% 0 1 Increase 1
Aangat Tayo 177,503 0.61% 1 1 Steady
ATING Koop 175,636 0.60% 0 1 Increase 1
AA-Kasosyo 171,589 0.59% 0 1 Increase 1
ALE 170,543 0.58% 0 1 Increase 1
Alay Buhay 164,044 0.56% 0 1 Increase 1
AKMA-PTM 162,972 0.56% 0 0 Steady
AMIN 161,418 0.55% 2 0 Decrease 2
KAAKBAY 161,127 0.55% 0 0 Steady
VFP 155,672 0.53% 1 0 Decrease 1
ARARO 147,408 0.50% 0 0 Steady
Atong Paglaum 146,363 0.50% 0 0 Steady
PACYAW 143,553 0.49% 0 0 Steady
ATM 142,988 0.49% 0 0 Steady
ANAK 142,417 0.49% 0 0 Steady
Partido ng Manggagawa 140,257 0.48% 0 0 Steady
ADD 139,494 0.48% 0 0 Steady
ABA 138,310 0.47% 1 0 Decrease 1
ATS 136,828 0.47% 0 0 Steady
AMANA 133,048 0.45% 0 0 Steady
KAAGAPAY 130,498 0.45% 0 0 Steady
BANAT 129,089 0.44% 1 0 Decrease 1
1GANAP/Guardians 121,508 0.41% 0 0 Steady
1-ABAA 121,405 0.40% 0 0 Steady
Babae Ka 117,518 0.40% 0 0 Steady
BANDILA 115,964 0.40% 0 0 Steady
AHON 115,789 0.40% 0 0 Steady
Katribu 114,966 0.39% 0 0 Steady
Ang Ladlad 114,120 0.39% 0 0 Steady
1-AANI 113,434 0.39% 0 0 Steady
1-AHAPO 111,495 0.38% 0 0 Steady
CONSLA 111,198 0.38% 0 0 Steady
KABAYAN 110,085 0.38% 0 0 Steady
Binhi 108,174 0.37% 0 0 Steady
Akap Bata 107,478 0.37% 0 0 Steady
Ang Trabahante 107,468 0.37% 0 0 Steady
AGILA 105,406 0.36% 0 0 Steady
COFA 105,049 0.36% 0 0 Steady
FIL-MUS 105,033 0.36% 0 0 Steady
Biyayang Bukid 102,191 0.35% 0 0 Steady
Abakada Guro 97,872 0.33% 1 0 Decrease 1
Firm 24-K 96,292 0.33% 0 0 Steady
Abante Ilonggo 94,815 0.32% 0 0 Steady
ALYANSA NG OFW 91,663 0.31% 0 0 Steady
Ako 90,511 0.31% 0 0 Steady
ABROAD 88,743 0.30% 0 0 Steady
COCOFED 88,536 0.30% 1 0 Decrease 1
PCL 88,457 0.30% 0 0 Steady
ALIM 86,491 0.30% 0 0 Steady
Womenpower, Inc. 86,411 0.29% 0 0 Steady
1st KABAGIS 84,687 0.29% 0 0 Steady
LYPAD 82,642 0.28% 0 0 Steady
Bantay 81,584 0.28% 1 0 Decrease 1
Katutubo 80,064 0.27% 0 0 Steady
A TAMBAY 79,255 0.27% 0 0 Steady
A-IPRA 77,270 0.26% 0 0 Steady
Bayani 74,993 0.26% 0 0 Steady
1-Tubig (formerly AAWAS) 74,152 0.25% 0 0 Steady
Vendors 74,041 0.25% 0 0 Steady
AME 71,503 0.24% 0 0 Steady
APO 70,901 0.24% 0 0 Steady
BIYAHENG PINOY 70,480 0.24% 0 0 Steady
ALMA 70,070 0.24% 0 0 Steady
APOI 67,946 0.23% 0 0 Steady
CHINOY 67,800 0.23% 0 0 Steady
ORAGON 67,366 0.23% 0 0 Steady
PEP 65,299 0.22% 0 0 Steady
UNLAD Pilipinas 64,746 0.22% 0 0 Steady
ADAM 63,065 0.22% 0 0 Steady
A BLESSED 62,529 0.21% 0 0 Steady
AMA 62,249 0.21% 0 0 Steady
SB 60,606 0.21% 0 0 Steady
ARC 57,515 0.20% 2 0 Decrease 2
AANI 57,190 0.20% 0 0 Steady
ABP-Bicolnon 55,159 0.19% 0 0 Steady
Emmanuel 54,848 0.19% 0 0 Steady
AKO BAHAY 54,182 0.18% 0 0 Steady
ADD-TRIBAL 53,510 0.18% 0 0 Steady
KLBP 50,466 0.17% 0 0 Steady
AMANG 50,127 0.17% 0 0 Steady
AAMA 49,990 0.17% 0 0 Steady
ALON 49,893 0.17% 0 0 Steady
Agri 49,635 0.17% 0 0 Steady
ANAKALUSUGAN 47,828 0.16% 0 0 Steady
BIDA 45,708 0.16% 0 0 Steady
KALAHI 45,494 0.16% 0 0 Steady
Green Force 44,100 0.15% 0 0 Steady
ASAHAN MO 41,809 0.14% 0 0 Steady
ARAL 41,159 0.14% 0 0 Steady
Ako Agila 39,448 0.13% 0 0 Steady
AWAT 38,050 0.13% 0 0 Steady
Yes We Can 36,819 0.13% 0 0 Steady
Akap TAO 36,805 0.13% 0 0 Steady
ANG MINERO 36,650 0.13% 0 0 Steady
OPO 35,636 0.12% 0 0 Steady
IVAP 34,785 0.12% 0 0 Steady
PM (MASDA) 34,769 0.12% 0 0 Steady
ALMANA 32,957 0.12% 0 0 Steady
BAGO 32,942 0.11% 0 0 Steady
Abang Lingkod 32,122 0.11% 0 0 Steady
1-AK 32,048 0.11% 0 0 Steady
SAGIP 31,798 0.11% 0 0 Steady
KASAPI 31,667 0.11% 0 0 Steady
ANUPA 31,330 0.11% 0 0 Steady
ARCAPP 30,845 0.11% 0 0 Steady
UNI-MAD 30,651 0.10% 1 0 Decrease 1
FFW 30,540 0.10% 0 0 Steady
SABOD 30,001 0.10% 0 0 Steady
SMART 28,617 0.10% 0 0 Steady
ADA 27,521 0.10% 0 0 Steady
1ST PRISA 27,229 0.09% 0 0 Steady
AKSI 26,805 0.09% 0 0 Steady
Abante KA 26,593 0.09% 0 0 Steady
BANGON TRANSPORT 25,547 0.09% 0 0 Steady
ABO 23,902 0.09% 0 0 Steady
AK 23,394 0.08% 0 0 Steady
ANG PADER 22,218 0.08% 0 0 Steady
ACTS 21,475 0.07% 0 0 Steady
AAPS 20,753 0.07% 0 0 Steady
AKI 19,580 0.07% 0 0 Steady
ALUM 19,577 0.07% 0 0 Steady
BIGKIS 19,027 0.06% 0 0 Steady
AS 18,164 0.06% 0 0 Steady
AMS 17,534 0.06% 0 0 Steady
ABAY PARAK 17,125 0.06% 0 0 Steady
AFPSEGCO 15,595 0.05% 0 0 Steady
BUKLOD FILIPINA 12,430 0.04% 0 0 Steady
1-NET 12,335 0.04% 0 0 Steady
Ang PDR 11,680 0.04% 0 0 Steady
Abot Tanaw 10,473 0.04% 0 0 Steady
ACMA 8,864 0.03% 0 0 Steady
AASCA 7,379 0.03% 0 0 Steady
ALLUMAD 6,612 0.02% 0 0 Steady
UFS 6,121 0.02% 0 0 Steady
BIDA (BINIGKIS) 4,963 0.02% 0 0 Steady
CPM 4,495 0.02% 0 0 Steady
AVPAP 4,324 0.01% 0 0 Steady
ANG SAMAKA 4,199 0.01% 0 0 Steady
PFP 3,883 0.01% 0 0 Steady
ANG NICP 1,217 0.00% 0 0 Steady
Total valid votes 29,311,294 76.83% 52 57 Increase 5
ABC 471,407
AKAP 94,209
ANG TSINOY 88,522
ABBA-AMA 34,852
APELA 26,133
UCAP 19,221
Damayan 19,069
ALNA 15,520
NCCP 12,386
Other invalid votes 8,056,758 21.12%
Total invalid votes 8,838,077 23.17%
Turnout 38,149,371 74.34%
Registered voters 51,317,073 100%

*there are more nominees listed in case one of the first three nominees are either disqualified or are removed from office. In some instances, the parties submitted two lists; in those the cases, the second list submitted is listed.

Local[edit]

Gubernatorial elections results.

International reaction[edit]

The United States and the European Union praised the republic for the smooth elections. The US embassy was one of the first to hail the general elections.

We look forward to a smooth transition and, after June 30, to working with the new Philippine government to deepen the friendship and partnership between our two nations, and to advance our common goals for the benefit of the Southeast Asia region and the world.[34]

Seeing the patience and the number of people turned in the elections, EU ambassador Alistair MacDonald shared his experience and reflection in observing the Filipinos.

I had the privilege of observing the electoral process in both Cavite and Batangas and was impressed by the manner in which this first nationwide automated election was conducted.[34]

Despite the intense heat, the long lines and the inevitable unfamiliarity of a new process, our observations suggested that this process was carried out smoothly, and the results transmitted rapidly, in the great majority of cases.[34]

MacDonald also expressed that the EU was impressed for the elections being "smooth” and “generally trouble-free.”

He also appreciated the teacher's hard work for the said elections.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Republic Act No. 9369" (PDF). Congress of the Philippines. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
  2. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Over 400 defective poll machines found, replaced, Smartmatic says". gmanews.tv. Archived from the original on 2010-05-12.
  4. ^ "Continuity or Change?". the-diplomat.com. Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
  5. ^ Lao, Charissa (2009-12-02). "Appointive officials running in polls need not resign, Supreme Court rules". Manila Bulletin. Yahoo! News Philippines. Retrieved 2009-12-04.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "After backing Villar, Zubiri quits Lakas-Kampi". ABS-CBNNews.com. 2010-03-24. Archived from the original on 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  7. ^ "Guv bolts Lakas, supports Villar". GMANews.tv. 2010-04-11. Archived from the original on 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  8. ^ "Rep. Gonzales leaves Lakas to join LP". INQUIRER.net. 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-04-16.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Rep. Gonzales leaves Lakas to join LP". Manila Times. 2010-04-13. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
  10. ^ Dedace, Sophia (2010-04-14). "Arroyo adviser Joey Salceda deserts Lakas in favor of LP". GMANews.tv. Archived from the original on 2010-04-17. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  11. ^ "Lakas exodus continues: Two Mindanao execs jump to NP". GMANews.tv. 2010-04-15. Archived from the original on 2010-04-17. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  12. ^ "(Metro News) QC mayoralty bet Annie Susano joins Estrada's camp". Balita.ph. 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
  13. ^ Supnad, Mario (2010-04-14). "Chavit, Ilocos leaders leave Lakas for Villar". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
  15. ^ Pazzibugan, Dona (2010-05-08). "SC: It's all systems go; Court junks petitions to postpone polls". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2010-05-10. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  16. ^ "Glitches cause delays in first automated polls nationwide". gmanews.tv. Archived from the original on 2010-05-11.
  17. ^ "21 killed in Maguindanao". INQUIRER.net. 2009-11-24. Archived from the original on 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
  18. ^ "Massacre planned, says Buluan vice mayor". INQUIRER.net. 2009-11-26. Archived from the original on 2009-11-27. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
  19. ^ Kwok, Abigail (2009-11-26). "Ampatuan surrenders, to be flown to Manila". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on 2009-11-29. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
  20. ^ "Martial law declared in Magundanao". Archived from the original on 2015-01-06.
  21. ^ Lazaro, Freddie (2009-12-28). "Poll bet killed, six hurt in Ilocos Norte ambush". The Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2010-01-02. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
  22. ^ Calleja, Danny (2010-01-06). "NP local candidate gunned down". Business Mirror. Archived from the original on January 13, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
  23. ^ Alvarez, Katharina (2010-01-09). "14 provinces named as election hotspots". SunStar Manila. Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
  24. ^ "Issues Snapshots: Security and Radicalism". the-diplomat.com. Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
  25. ^ "Armed men fire at Liberal Party headquarters in Concepcion, Iloilo". GMA News Online. Archived from the original on 2018-05-10.
  26. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
  27. ^ "R.A. 9369 - AN ACT AMENDING REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8436, ENTITLED AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS TO USE AN AUTOMATED ELECTION SYSTEM IN THE MAY 11, 1998 NATIONAL OR LOCAL ELECTIONS AND IN SUBSEQUENT NATIONAL AND LOCAL ELECTORAL EXERCISES, TO ENCOURAGE TRANSPARENCY, CREDIBILITY, FAIRNESS AND ACCURACY OF ELECTIONS, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE BATAS PAMPANSA BLG. 881, AS AMEMDED, REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7166 AND OTHER RELATED ELECTIONS LAWS, PROVIDING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES". www.chanrobles.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
  29. ^ http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/insideNation.htm?f=2010/may/28/nation2.isx&d=2010/may/28
  30. ^ "2010 Elections: In Maguindanao and Elsewhere: Chaos, Violence, Fraud - Bulatlat". bulatlat.com. 10 May 2010. Archived from the original on 13 May 2010.
  31. ^ "Election Results (Philippines) - Eleksyon2016 - GMA News Online". gmanews.tv.
  32. ^ "Inquirer.Net: Fast count stuns nation". inquirer.net. Archived from the original on 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
  33. ^ 2 senatorial bets bolt parties, join Bro. Eddie Accessed on March 8, 2010.
  34. ^ a b c "US, EU praise RP for milestone elections". Retrieved 2010-05-12.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Results