Philippine order of precedence

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The Order of Precedence in the Philippines is the protocol used in ceremonially ranking government officials and other personages in the Philippines. It has no legal standing, and does not reflect the presidential line of succession nor the equal status of the three branches of government established in the 1987 Constitution.

Order of precedence[edit]

  1. HE The President (Rodrigo Duterte)
  2. HE The Vice-President (Leni Robredo)
  3. Former Presidents of the Philippines (in order of recency of term):
    1. Benigno Aquino III (30 June 2010 to 30 June 2016)
    2. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (20 January 2001 to 30 June 2010)
    3. Joseph Estrada (30 June 1998 to 20 January 2001)
    4. Fidel Ramos (30 June 1992 to 30 June 1998)
  4. The President of the Senate (Aquilino Pimentel III)
  5. The Speaker of the House of Representatives (Pantaleon Alvarez)
  6. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (Maria Lourdes Sereno)
  7. The Secretary of Foreign Affairs (Alan Peter Cayetano)
  8. Foreign Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (in order of presentation of their credentials, with the Apostolic Nuncio as the diplomatic corps' traditional primus inter pares)
    1. Dean of the Diplomatic Corps (Gabriele Giordano Caccia)
  9. The Executive Secretary (Salvador Medialdea)
  10. The Secretary to the Cabinet (Leoncio Evasco, Jr.)
  11. The Secretary of Finance (Carlos Dominguez III)
  12. The Secretary of Justice (Vitaliano Aguirre II)
  13. The Secretary of Agriculture (Manny Piñol)
  14. The Secretary of Public Works and Highways (Mark Villar)
  15. The Secretary of Education (Leonor Briones)
  16. The Secretary of Labor and Employment (Silvestre Bello III)
  17. The Secretary of National Defense (Delfin Lorenzana)
  18. The Secretary of Health (Francisco Duque)
  19. The Secretary of Trade and Industry (Ramon Lopez)
  20. The Secretary of Social Welfare and Development (Emmanuel Leyco) (OIC)
  21. The Secretary of Agrarian Reform (Rosalina Bistoyong) (OIC)
  22. The Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources (Roy Cimatu)
  23. The Secretary of Interior and Local Government (Catalino Cuy) (OIC)
  24. The Secretary of Tourism (Wanda Corazon Teo)
  25. The Secretary of Transportation (Arthur Tugade)
  26. The Secretary of Science and Technology (Fortunato de la Peña)
  27. The Secretary of Budget and Management (Benjamin Diokno)
  28. The Secretary of Energy (Alfonso Cusi)
  29. The Secretary of Information and Communications Technology (Eliseo M. Rio, Jr.) (OIC)
  30. Foreign Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary
  31. The Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority (Ernesto Pernia)
  32. Presidential Communications Secretary (Martin Andanar)
  33. The Director-General of the National Security Council (Hermogenes Esperon)
  34. The Head of the Presidential Management Staff (Christopher Go)
  35. Presidential Spokesperson (Harry Roque)
  36. The Solicitor-General (Jose Calida)
  37. The Presidential Legal Counsel (Salvador Panelo)
  38. The Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (Danilo Lim)
  39. The Secretary of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (E.D. Tahir Lidasan)
  40. Other Presidential Advisers with Cabinet rank
  41. Members of the Senate (ordered by length of service)
  42. Members of the House of Representatives (ordered by length of service)[note 1]
  43. Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
  44. The Commissioners of Constitutional Commissions
    1. The Civil Service Commission (Alicia dela Rosa-Bala)
    2. The Commission on Elections (Christian Robert S. Lim) (acting)
    3. The Commission on Audit (Michael G. Aguinaldo)
  45. Members of the Council of State who are not Cabinet Members
  46. Acting Heads of Departments and Former Vice-Presidents of the Philippines
    1. Living Former Vice-Presidents
      1. Teofisto Guingona, Jr. (7 February 2001 – 30 June 2004)
      2. Noli de Castro (30 June 2004 – 30 June 2010)
      3. Jejomar Binay (30 June 2010 - 30 June 2016)
  47. Undersecretaries for Foreign Affairs
    1. Undersecretary for Administration
    2. Undersecretary for International Economic Relations
    3. Undersecretary for Migrant and Workers Affairs
    4. Undersecretary for Policy
    5. Undersecretary for Special and Ocean Concerns
  48. Ambassadors of the Philippines assigned to foreign posts
  49. Undersecretaries of the Department, including the Assistant Executive Secretaries
  50. Assistant Secretaries of Departments, Directors-General and Chiefs of Mission I and II of the Department of Foreign Affairs
  51. The Governor of the Bangko Sentral (Nestor A. Espenilla, Jr.)
  52. Foreign Charges d’Affaires de missi, Foreign Chargé d'Affaires ad interim
  53. The Mayor of the City of Manila[note 2]
  54. The Presiding Justice of the Court of Appeals, the President of the University of the Philippines, the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, Commissioners, or other officers with the rank of Undersecretary
    1. The Presiding Justice of the Court of Appeals (Andres B. Reyes, Jr.)
    2. The President of the University of the Philippines (Danilo Concepcion)
    3. Armed Forces of the Philippines Chief of Staff (Gen. Eduardo Año AFP)
  55. Heads of permanent United Nations Agencies in the Philippines who hold the rank of Director
  56. Provincial Governors
  57. The Vice-Chief of Staff (Lt. Gen. Glorioso Miranda, AFP)
  58. Foreign Ministers-Counsellor, Counsellors of Embassies, Consuls General, Foreign Military Attaches with the rank of Major General or Rear Admiral, and other officers of equivalent rank in the Armed Forces of the Philippines
  59. Judges of the Regional Trial Courts
  60. First Secretaries of Foreign Embassies, Foreign Military Attaches with the rank of Brigadier General or Commodore, and other officers of equivalent rank in the Armed Forces
  61. Mayors of Chartered Cities
  62. Directors or Commissioners of Bureaus and Chiefs of Offices
  63. Presidents, Chairpersons, and Managers of Government-Owned and Controlled Corporations
  64. Second Secretaries and Consuls of Foreign Embassies, Foreign Military Attaches with the rank of Colonel or Lieutenant Colonel, and other officers of equivalent rank in the Armed Forces
  65. Third Secretaries and Vice-Consuls of Foreign Embassies, Foreign Military Attaches with the rank of Major or Captain and other officers of equivalent rank in the Armed Forces

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (3.1, above) is the incumbent Representative of the 2nd District of Pampanga, but derives higher precedence by virtue of being a former President.
  2. ^ Joseph Ejercito Estrada (3.2, above) is the incumbent Mayor of Manila, but derives higher precedence by virtue of being a former President.

References[edit]