Philippine presidential election, 1953

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Philippine presidential election, 1953
← 1949 November 10, 1953 1957 →
  Ramon F Magsaysay.jpg Elpidio R Quirino.jpg
Nominee Ramon Magsaysay Elpidio Quirino
Party Nacionalista Liberal
Running mate Carlos P. Garcia Jose Yulo
Popular vote 2,912,992 1,313,991
Percentage 68.90% 31.08%

1953 Philippine presidential election results per province.png
Election results per province/city.

President before election

Elpidio Quirino

Elected President

Ramon Magsaysay

Presidential, legislative and local elections were held on November 10, 1953 in the Philippines. Incumbent President Elpidio Quirino lost his opportunity to get a second full term as President of the Philippines to former Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay. His running mate, Senator Jose Yulo lost to Senator Carlos P. Garcia. Vice President Fernando Lopez did not run for re-election. This was the first time that an elected president did not come from the Senate.


After seven years of Liberal rule, the Nacionalista Party lacks a strong presidential candidate to break the regime. [1]

Nacionalista Party[edit]

Former President and then-Senator Jose P. Laurel initially had intentions to seek the NP's nomination for president in 1953 but announced he is spiritually tired. He then proposed to adopt Secretary of National Defense Ramon Magsaysay, whose successful anti-insurgency and anti-communist initiatives had strained his relations with President Quirino and the LP.

Senate President Camilo Osías sought the presidential nomination but ultimately lost to Magsaysay. Senator Carlos P. Garcia of Bohol was picked to be his running-mate.

Liberal Party[edit]

The Liberal Party renominated President Elpidio Quirino and former House Speaker and Liberal Party President José Yulo for president and vice-president respectively.

Following the nomination, Philippine Ambassador to Washington Carlos P. Romulo and his men walked out of the LP convention and formed the Democratic Party. The DP then nominated Romulo for the presidency and supported the re-election of Vice President Fernando Lopez.

What was supposed to be a three-way race was reduced to a battle between the ruling Liberals against the Nacionalistas after the DP withdrew in support of Magsaysay, resulting in the Nacionalista-Democrata-Nationalist Citizens’ Party (NCP) coalition.



Magsaysay carried most of the provinces except Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union and Abra in which Ilocos Sur is a bailiwick and home province of President Quirino.

Final Official Congressional Canvass

e • d Summary of the November 10, 1953 Philippine presidential election results
Candidates Parties Votes %
Ramon Magsaysay Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party) 2,912,992 68.90%
Elpidio Quirino Liberal Party 1,313,991 31.08%
Gaudencio Bueno Independent 736 0.02%
Total 4,227,719 100%
Valid votes 4,227,719 97.7%
Invalid votes 98,987 2.3%
Votes cast 4,326,706 77.2%
Totals 5,603,231


Garcia also carried the provinces who voted for Magsaysay except for Isabela, Capiz and Sulu who voted for Yulo. The provinces who voted for President Quirino also voted for Yulo.

Final Official Congressional Canvass

e • d Summary of the November 10, 1953 Philippine vice presidential election results
Candidate Party Results
Votes %
Carlos P. Garcia Nacionalista 2,515,265 62.90%
José Yulo Liberal 1,483,802 37.10%
Valid votes 3,999,067 92.4%
Invalid votes 327,639 7.6%
Votes cast 4,326,706 77.2%
Totals 5,603,231 100.00%

See also[edit]

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines


  1. ^ Philippine Electoral Almanac. The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. 2013. p. 28. 

External links[edit]