Philippine presidential election, 1992
Election results per province/city.
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Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. This was the first general elections under the 1987 Constitution. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the presidency down to municipal councilors. Even if the constitution allowed her to do so, President Corazon Aquino did not run again.
In the presidential election, retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas-NUCD won a six-year term as President, by a small margin, narrowly defeated populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in the Philippine electoral history, and beat the previous election for the closest margin of victory, percentage-wise (this record would later be beaten by the 2004 election). Miriam Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days but then was overtaken by Ramos in a few days. Santiago cried fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence. Various media personnel became witnesses to the fraud made in the election, where the phrase, 'Miriam won in the election, but lost in the counting' became popular. However, her protest was eventually dismissed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
The 1992 election was the second time both president and vice president came from different parties. Movie actor and Senator Joseph Estrada won a six-year term as Vice-President, by a landslide victory.
Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in this election. The first 12 senators who garnered the highest votes would have six-year terms while the next 12 senators would have three-year terms. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice Mayor Vicente Sotto III (also known as Tito Sotto) got the highest number of votes.
|Fidel V. Ramos||Lakas–NUCD (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats)||5,342,521||23.58%|
|Miriam Defensor-Santiago||People's Reform Party||4,468,173||19.72%|
|Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.||Nationalist People's Coalition||4,116,376||18.17%|
|Ramon Mitra, Jr.||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||3,316,661||14.64%|
|Imelda Marcos||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement)||2,338,294||10.32%|
|Jovito Salonga||Liberal Party||2,302,123||10.16%|
|Salvador Laurel||Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party)||770,046||3.40%|
For Vice President
|Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.||PRP||2,900,556||14.20%|
|Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||PDP-Laban||2,023,289||9.91%|
- Commission on Elections
- Politics of the Philippines
- Philippine elections
- President of the Philippines
- 9th Congress of the Philippines
- Philippine general election, 1992