Philippines–South Korea relations

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South Korea-Philippines relations
Map indicating locations of South Korea and Philippines

South Korea

Philippines

The South Korea–Philippines relations (Hangul대한민국-필리핀 공화국 관계; Hanja大韓民國-필리핀 共和國 關係; RRDaehan Minguk-Pillipin Gonghwaguk Gwangye) (Filipino: Ugnayang Pilipinas at Timog Korea) refers to the bilateral relations of the Republic of Korea and the Republic of the Philippines. South Korea has an embassy in Manila while the Philippines has an embassy in Seoul.


Country comparison[edit]

Official name Republic of the Philippines Republic of Korea
Native Name Republika ng Pilipinas 대한민국
Daehan Minguk
Coat of Arms Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg Emblem of South Korea.svg
Flag
National Motto Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa 홍익인간 / Hongik Ingan
National Anthem Lupang Hinirang 애국가 / Aegukga
Population 100,981,437 50,924,172
Area 343,448 km2 (132,606 sq mi) 99,392 km2 (38,375 sq mi)
Population Density 202/km2 (520/sq mi) 491/km2 (1,270/sq mi)
Time zones 1 (Philippine Standard Time) 1 (Korean Standard Time)
Capital Manila  Seoul
Largest City Quezon City – 2,936,116  Seoul – 10,464,051
Established 23 August 1896 (Nation Proclaimed)
12 June 1898 (Independence Declared)
04 July 1946 (Independence Granted)
 13 October 1897 (Empire Proclaimed)
01 March 1919 (Independence Declared)
15 August 1945 (Nation Liberated)
Predecessor States Spanish Period (1521–1898)
Captaincy General of the Philippines (1565–1898)
British-occupied Manila (1762–1764)
Sovereign Tagalog Nation (1896–1897)
 Republic of the Philippines (1897)


American Colonial Period (1898–1946)
Military Government of the Philippine Islands (1898–1902)
 Philippine Republic (1899–1902)

Insular Government of the Philippine Islands (1901–1935)
Tagalog Republic (1902–1906)

Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1946)
 Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic (1943–1945)

Post–Colonial Period (1946–present)
 Republic of the Philippines
Unitary Dynastic Period (936–1905)
Kingdom of Goryeo (918–1392)
Kingdom of Great Joseon (1392–1897)
 Korean Empire (1897–1910)


Japanese Colonial Period (1905–1945)
Japanese-ruled Korea (1910–1945)
 Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1919–1948)


Post–Colonial Period (1945–present)
Army Military Government in Korea (1945–1948)


Republic of Korea
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic Unitary presidential constitutional republic
First Leader Emilio Aguinaldo Syngman Rhee
Current Leader President: Rodrigo Duterte President: Moon Jae-in
Current Deputy Vice President: Leni Robredo Prime Minister: Lee Nak-yeon
Legislature Congress (Bicameral)
Senate
President:
Vicente Sotto III
House of Representatives
Speaker:
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
National Assembly (Unicameral)
Speaker: Moon Hee-sang
Judiciary Supreme Court
Chief Justice: Teresita de Castro
Constitutional Court
President: Lee Jin-sung
Supreme Court
Chief Justice: Kim Myeong-soo
Military Armed Forces of the Philippines Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Law Enforcement Agency Philippine National Police (PNP) Korean National Police Agency (KNPA)
Religion 80.58% Roman Catholicism
10.80% Protestantism
5.57% Islam
2.45% Iglesia Ni Cristo
1.00% Aglipayan
56.9% No affiliation
19.7% Protestantism
15.5% Buddhism
7.9% Roman Catholicism
0.2% Cheondoism
Official language(s) Filipino, English Korean
GDP (nominal) US$811.726 billion (7,846 per capita) US$$1,498 trillion ($29,114 per capita)

Leaders of the two states

Manuel RoxasElpidio QuirinoRamon MagsaysayCarlos P. GarciaDiosdado MacapagalFerdinand MarcosCorazon AquinoFidel RamosJoseph EstradaGloria Macapagal ArroyoBenigno Aquino IIIRodrigo DuterteUnited States Army Military Government in KoreaSyngman RheeHeo JeongYun PosunPark Chung-heeChoi Kyu-hahChun Doo-hwanRoh Tae-wooKim Young-samKim Dae-jungRoh Moo-hyunLee Myung-bakPark Geun-hyeHwang Kyo-ahnMoon Jae-inPhilippinesSouth Korea

History[edit]

Bilateral relations between South Korea and the Philippines were established on March 3, 1949 upon the recognition of Republic of Korea as a sovereign state by the Philippines. The Philippines was the fifth state to recognize the Republic of Korea and the first ASEAN country to establish relations with South Korea.[1][2]

Economic relations[edit]

South Korea is the sixth biggest trading partner of the Philippines, while the Philippines is the third most attractive Southeast Asian country for South Korean investors in 2011.[3] South Korea also provides the biggest tourist market for the Philippines. Most tourists who went to the Philippines on 2011 were South Koreans, followed by Japanese and Americans.[4]

Military Relations[edit]

Military relations between the two countries started during the Korean War when the Philippine Government sent their troops to enforce Allied Campaign against the communist North Korea. South Korea is an active arms supplier for the Armed Forces of the Philippines. They donated some of their F-5A/B fighter jets to the Air Force. They also donated some of their T-41 trainer planes. The SOKOR have sold different small arms to the Philippines.

Recently, SOKOR agreed to sell 12 FA-50 Fighting Eagle multirole fighters to the Philippines. The Philippines received some ships from South Korea.[5]

Others[edit]

As of 2011, there are currently more than 90,000 South Koreans in the Philippines. A statistics of South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade recorded their population. A fall of 16% since 2009 after a period of rapid growth in the population in the preceding decade,[6][7][8] and more than 45,000 Filipinos residing in South Korea.[9]

The South Koreans made a cartoon called Larva, which shows in the television section of some stores in the Philippines.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Philippines-South Korea Relations". Philembassy-seoul.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  2. ^ http://www.korea.net/NewsFocus/Policies/view?articleId=113844
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20121008033822/http://www.manilatimes.net/index.php/business/top-business-news/31916-ph-seeks-deeper-trade-ties-with-south-korea. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2013. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "PH welcomes 1 millionth Korean visitor this year". ABS-CBN News. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  5. ^ http://www.businessinsider.com/south-korea-donates-philippine-2014-6
  6. ^ 《재외동포 본문(지역별 상세)》, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2011-07-15, p. 104, retrieved 2012-02-25
  7. ^ 재외동포현황, South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2009, retrieved 2009-05-21
  8. ^ Meinardus, Ronaldo (2005-12-15), ""Korean Wave" in Philippines", The Korea Times, archived from the original on 2006-01-13, retrieved 2007-02-16
  9. ^ "체류외국인 국적별 현황", 《2009년도 출입국통계연보》, South Korea: Ministry of Justice, 2009, p. 262, retrieved 2011-03-21