Philippines–South Korea relations

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South Korea-Philippines relations
Map indicating locations of South Korea and Philippines

South Korea

Philippines
Diplomatic Mission
Embassy of the Republic of Korea, Manila Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines, Seoul
Envoy
Ambassador Raul S. Hernandez Ambassador Kim Jae-Shin

The South Korea–Philippines relations (Hangul대한민국-필리핀 공화국 관계; Hanja大韓民國-필리핀 共和國 關係; RRDaehan Minguk-Pillipin Gonghwaguk Gwangye) (Filipino: Ugnayang Pilipinas at Timog Korea) refers to the bilateral relations of the Republic of Korea and the Republic of the Philippines. South Korea has an embassy in Manila while the Philippines has an embassy in Seoul.

History[edit]

Bilateral relations between South Korea and the Philippines were established on March 3, 1949 upon the recognition of Republic of Korea as a sovereign state by the Philippines. The Philippines was the fifth state to recognize the Republic of Korea and the first ASEAN country to establish relations with South Korea.[1][2]

Economic relations[edit]

South Korea is the sixth biggest trading partner of the Philippines, while the Philippines is the third most attractive Southeast Asian country for South Korean investors in 2011.[3] South Korea also provides the biggest tourist market for the Philippines. Most tourists who went to the Philippines on 2011 were South Koreans, followed by Japanese and Americans.[4]

Military Relations[edit]

Military relations between the two countries started during the Korean War when the Philippine Government sent their troops to enforce Allied Campaign against the communist North Korea. South Korea is an active arms supplier for the Armed Forces of the Philippines. They donated some of their F-5A/B fighter jets to the Air Force. They also donated some of their T-41 trainer planes. The SOKOR have sold different small arms to the Philippines.

Recently, SOKOR agreed to sell 12 FA-50 Fighting Eagle multirole fighters to the Philippines. The Philippines received some ships from South Korea.[5]

Others[edit]

As of 2011, there are currently more than 90,000 South Koreans in the Philippines. A statistics of South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade recorded their population. A fall of 16% since 2009 after a period of rapid growth in the population in the preceding decade,[6][7][8] and more than 45,000 Filipinos residing in South Korea.[9]

Country comparison[edit]

Official name Republic of the Philippines Republic of Korea
Native Name Republika ng Pilipinas 대한민국
Daehan Minguk
Coat of Arms Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg Emblem of South Korea.svg
Flag
Population 100,981,437 50,924,172
Area 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) 99,392 km2 (38,375 sq mi)
Population Density 202/km2 (520/sq mi) 491/km2 (1,270/sq mi)
Time zones 1 (Philippine Standard Time) 1 (Korean Standard Time)
Capital Manila Seoul
Largest City Quezon City – 2,936,116 Seoul – 10,464,051
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Established 12 June 1898
4 July 1946 (Recognized by the United States)
15 August 1948
First Leader Emilio Aguinaldo (official)
Manuel L. Quezon (de jure)
Rhee Syng-man
Current Leader President: Rodrigo Duterte President: Moon Jae-in
Current Deputy Vice President: Leni Robredo Prime Minister: Yoo Il-ho (Acting)
Legislature Congress of the Republic of the Philippines (Bicameral)
Senate and House of Representatives
National Assembly of the Republic of Korea (Unicameral)
Presiding Officer President:Aquilino Pimentel III
Speaker: Pantaleon Alvarez
Speaker: Chung Sye-kyun
Judiciary Supreme Court
Chief Justice: Maria Lourdes Sereno
Constitutional Court
President: Kim Yi-su (acting)
Supreme Court
Chief Justice: Yang Sung-tae
National language Filipino Korean
GDP (nominal) US$811.726 billion (7,846 per capita) US$$1,498 trillion ($29,114 per capita)

Timeline[edit]

1200-1892[edit]

1200
1250
1300
1350
1400
1450
1500
1550
1600
1650
1700
1750
1800
1850

1892-1902[edit]

1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902

1902-1940[edit]

1902
1905
1908
1911
1914
1917
1920
1923
1926
1929
1932
1935
1938

1940-1950[edit]

1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1950-present[edit]

1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Philippines-South Korea Relations". Philembassy-seoul.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.korea.net/NewsFocus/Policies/view?articleId=113844
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20121008033822/http://www.manilatimes.net/index.php/business/top-business-news/31916-ph-seeks-deeper-trade-ties-with-south-korea. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "PH welcomes 1 millionth Korean visitor this year". ABS-CBN News. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  5. ^ http://www.businessinsider.com/south-korea-donates-philippine-2014-6
  6. ^ 《재외동포 본문(지역별 상세)》, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2011-07-15, p. 104, retrieved 2012-02-25 
  7. ^ 재외동포현황, South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2009, retrieved 2009-05-21 
  8. ^ Meinardus, Ronaldo (2005-12-15), ""Korean Wave" in Philippines", The Korea Times, archived from the original on 2006-01-13, retrieved 2007-02-16 
  9. ^ "체류외국인 국적별 현황", 《2009년도 출입국통계연보》, South Korea: Ministry of Justice, 2009, p. 262, retrieved 2011-03-21