Philipsburg, Sint Maarten

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Philipsburg
View on Great Bay towards Phillipsburg
View on Great Bay towards Phillipsburg
Nickname(s): Town
Philipsburg is located in Sint Maarten
Philipsburg
Philipsburg
Location in Sint Maarten
Coordinates: 18°01′25″N 63°02′45″W / 18.0237°N 63.0458°W / 18.0237; -63.0458Coordinates: 18°01′25″N 63°02′45″W / 18.0237°N 63.0458°W / 18.0237; -63.0458
State  Kingdom of the Netherlands
Country  Sint Maarten
Island Saint Martin
Columbus landed 11 November 1493
Established 1763 (by John Philips)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 1,327
Climate Aw

Philipsburg is the main town and capital of the country of Sint Maarten. The town is situated on a narrow stretch of land between Great Bay and the Great Salt Pond. It functions as the commercial center of Saint Martin island, whereof Sint Maarten encompasses the southern half. As of 2011, it has 1,327 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The island was first sighted by Christopher Columbus on 11 November 1493, but there was already an Arawak settlement there before his discovery. Philipsburg was founded in 1763 by John Philips, a Scottish captain in the Dutch navy; the settlement soon became a bustling centre of international trade. Two historic forts bear witness to Philipsburg's strategic importance in St. Maarten's history: Fort Amsterdam and Fort Willem.[1]

See also

Climate[edit]

Philipsburg has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw),[2] although it is drier than most parts of the northern or eastern Caribbean due to a rain shadow from the island’s mountains drying the northeast trade winds. The driest months are from January to July, and the wettest from September to November, when hurricanes are a frequent occurrence in the region.

Climate data for Philipsburg, Sint Maarten (Princess Juliana Airport) 1971–2000
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
31.6
(88.9)
32.6
(90.7)
33.6
(92.5)
33.5
(92.3)
33.9
(93)
34.2
(93.6)
35.1
(95.2)
34.8
(94.6)
34.3
(93.7)
33.9
(93)
32.1
(89.8)
35.1
(95.2)
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
28.7
(83.7)
29.2
(84.6)
29.8
(85.6)
30.4
(86.7)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
30.3
(86.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
25.7
(78.3)
26.5
(79.7)
27.4
(81.3)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.6
(83.5)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
27.3
(81.1)
26.1
(79)
27.2
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
23.5
(74.3)
24.1
(75.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
26.1
(79)
26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
23.9
(75)
24.8
(76.6)
Record low °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.2
(66.6)
19.5
(67.1)
19.3
(66.7)
20.2
(68.4)
22.3
(72.1)
22.1
(71.8)
21.4
(70.5)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
21.2
(70.2)
20.0
(68)
18.6
(65.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 66.0
(2.598)
50.7
(1.996)
45.2
(1.78)
64.0
(2.52)
93.3
(3.673)
61.8
(2.433)
71.6
(2.819)
98.8
(3.89)
139.6
(5.496)
113.0
(4.449)
149.3
(5.878)
93.8
(3.693)
1,047.1
(41.224)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.9 9.3 9.0 11.8 10.3 8.4 12.2 13.9 13.5 13.8 14.8 13.3 142.0
Average relative humidity (%) 74.7 74.1 73.6 75.0 75.9 75.1 74.8 75.4 76.3 76.8 77.4 76.6 75.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257.2 235.2 271.6 265.4 251.0 245.1 257.2 288.1 232.4 244.6 235.0 246.7 3,009.4
Percent possible sunshine 73.5 72.7 72.2 70.6 62.4 62.0 63.2 67.7 62.8 67.0 68.3 71.4 67.8
Source: Meteorological Department Curaçao[3]

Tourism[edit]

The main shopping district, Front Street, is in the heart of the city. has a port that is visited by many cruise liners, ships like Celebrity Solstice, Crown Princess, Disney Magic, and since 2010, Oasis of the Seas & Anthem of the Seas.

Transport[edit]

Princess Juliana International Airport[edit]

Corsair Boeing 747-300 on short final

World-famous for its close photographs of landing aircraft, Princess Juliana International Airport (IATA: SXM, ICAO: TNCM), west of Philipsburg, has become a tourist destination in its own right. Jet blast from departing aircraft is another 'attraction' as it creates artificial waves. However, jet blast is physically hazardous so viewers need to exercise caution; local authorities placed a warning on the airport's fence to alert people to the dangers of jet blast.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Accenting St. Maarten, Dutch Caribbean". geographia.com. 
  2. ^ "Philipsburg, Sint Maarten Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. 
  3. ^ "Summary of Climatological Data, Period 1971-2000" (PDF). Meteorological Department Curaçao. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2016. 

External links[edit]