Philipstown, New York
|Name origin: Early local landowners, the Philipse family|
|- elevation||200 ft (61 m)|
|Highest point||Scofield Ridge|
|- elevation||1,540 ft (469 m)|
|Lowest point||Sea level along Hudson River|
|- elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Area||51.5 sq mi (133 km2)|
|- land||48.9 sq mi (127 km2)|
|- water||2.7 sq mi (7 km2)|
|Density||190/sq mi (73/km2)|
|Town supervisor||Richard R. Shea|
|Timezone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|- summer (DST)||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||10516 and 10524|
|GNIS feature ID||0979363|
Location of Philipstown, New York
|Wikimedia Commons: Philipstown, New York|
|Website: Town of Philipstown|
In 1697 Adolphus Philipse, a wealthy Province of New York landowner and merchant, purchased a tract from Dutch traders which received British Royal sanction as the Highland Patent. Comprising roughly 250 square miles, it extended approximately 13 miles along the east shore of the Hudson River, from Annsville Creek to the Fishkill Creek, and eastward some 20 or so miles to the border of the Colony of Connecticut.
Philipstown was first settled in the westernmost of this parcel in around 1715. In 1754 the Highland Patent, subsequently known as the Philipse Patent, was divided among Philipse heirs into nine parcels. In 1788 Philipstown was established out of the three river lots and part of a fourth inland to the north, becoming one of the three original towns in what is now Putnam County. In 1806 a very small portion north of the Hudson Highlands by the mouth of Fishkill Creek was split off to from Philipstown and given to the Town of Fishkill.
Philipstown's main population centers are the village of Cold Spring, the hamlet of Garrison, and the village of Nelsonville. In 1806, part of the town was used to form the town of Fishkill. Putnam Valley was part of Philipstown until 1839, and a small portion of the town north of Putnam Valley was transferred to Kent in 1877.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.5 square miles (133 km2), of which 48.8 square miles (126 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), or 5.22%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,422 people, 3,599 households, and 2,548 families residing in the town. The population density was 193.0 people per square mile (74.5/km²). There were 3,983 housing units at an average density of 81.6 per square mile (31.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.57% White, 1.13% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.92% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.79% of the population.
There were 3,599 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $71,895, and the median income for a family was $84,220. Males had a median income of $56,536 versus $41,969 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,738. About 2.8% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.
Government and emergency services
Philipstown is governed by a town board. The town hall is located at 238 Main Street (New York State Route 301) in Cold Spring, New York. Primary law enforcement services in Philipstown are provided by the New York State Police and the Putnam County Sheriff's Department. The village of Cold Spring has its own police department. Fire and medical emergency services are provided by the Continental Village Fire Department, the Garrison Fire Department, the North Highlands Fire Department, and the Village of Cold Spring Fire Department.
Communities and locations in Philipstown
- Cold Spring – the village of Cold Spring is by the Hudson River.
- Continental Island – location by the Hudson River.
- Continental Village – hamlet in the southeast part of the town.
- Clarence Fahnestock State Park – state park in the northeast part of the town.
- Fahnestock Corners – locale
- Forsonville – hamlet in the south part of the town, southeast of Garrison.
- Garrison – hamlet by the Hudson River.
- Garrison Four Corners – location southeast of Garrison.
- Glenclyffe – hamlet near the Hudson River.
- Graymoor – hamlet in the southeast part of the town.
- Hudson Highlands State Park – state park in the southwest part of the town.
- Manitou – hamlet in the southwest corner of the town by the Hudson River.
- McKeel Corners – locale
- Nelsonville – village northeast of Cold Spring.
- North Highlands – hamlet northeast of Nelsonville.
- South Highland – hamlet by the east town line.
- Storm King – hamlet in the northwest corner of the town.
- Travis Corners – locale east of South Highland.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Philipstown town, Putnam County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Smith, Philip Henry, General History of Putnam County: From 1609 to 1876, inclusive, published by the author, Pawling, NY, 1877, p. 44
- French's Gazetteer of the State of New York (1860): “The Philipses Patent… divided among the remaining three [children] Philip… Susannah married to Beverley Robinson, and Mary married to Col. Roger Morris. On the 7th of Feb 1754, the patent was divided into 9 lots: 3, each 4 mi. square, bordering upon the Hudson and denominated ‘water lots;’ 3, each 4 mi. wide by 12 long, extending N. and S. across the patent, and denominated ‘long lots;’ 3, each 4 mi. square, upon the E. border denominated ‘back lots.’ Philip, Susannah and Mary Philipse each owned one of each kind of lots.
- Boundary changes of Putnam County
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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