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Main article: Philistines
Philistia (Biblical pentapolis)

1175–722 BC
The Philistine cities of Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Ekron, and Gath, as described in the Bible
Capital Not specified
Languages Canaanite language, Hebrew language
Religion Canaanite religion
Government Federation
Historical era Iron Age
 -  Late Bronze Age collapse 1175
 -  Assyrian conquest of the Levant 722 BC

Philistia (Hebrew: פלשת‎, Pleshet) was, according to Joshua 13:3 and 1 Samuel 6:17, a Pentapolis in south-western Levant, comprising Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, Gath, and Gaza.

The Pentapolis is described in the Hebrew Bible as being in constant struggle and interaction with the neighbouring Egyptians, Israelites and Canaanites, gradually absorbing the Canaanite culture. Philistia is described to have ruled major parts of southern Canaan at the peak of its expansion, but was eventually conquered and subdued by neighbouring Israelites. The Pentapolis was not mentioned again in the Bible following the Assyrian conquest of the Levant in 722 BC.

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