|Born||Philip Frederick Anschutz
December 28, 1939
Russell, Kansas, U.S.
|Residence||Denver, Colorado, U.S.|
|Alma mater||University of Kansas|
|Net worth||US$10.1 billion (February 2016)|
|Children||Christian (b. 1975)
Elizabeth (b. 1974)
Sarah (b. 1970)
Philip Frederick Anschutz (// AN-shoots; born December 28, 1939) is an American entrepreneur. Anschutz bought out his father's drilling company, Circle A Drilling, in 1961 and earned large returns in Wyoming. He has invested in stocks, real estate and railroads. He then began investing in entertainment companies, co-founding Major League Soccer as well as multiple teams, including the Los Angeles Galaxy, Chicago Fire, Houston Dynamo, San Jose Earthquakes, and the New York / New Jersey Metro Stars. Anschutz owns stakes in the Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Kings, and venues including the Staples Center, The O2, London, and the StubHub Center. Anschutz also invests in family films such as The Chronicles of Narnia and Ray. Forbes ranks him the 38th richest person in the U.S. with an estimated net worth of $11 billion as of 2014.
Life and career
Anschutz was born in Russell, Kansas, the son of Marian (née Pfister) and Frederick Benjamin Anschutz. His father was an oil tycoon and land investor who invested in ranches in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming, and eventually went into the oil-drilling business. Carl Anschutz, Anschutz's grandfather, an ethnic German who emigrated from Russia, started the Farmers State Bank in Russell, Kansas. Anschutz grew up in Russell, Wichita, and Hays, Kansas, where he lived near Bob Dole. In later years, Anschutz contributed to Dole's political campaigns. He graduated from Wichita High School East in 1957, and graduated with a bachelor's degree in business from the University of Kansas in 1961 where he was a member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. His first cousin was the fellow Russell native and long-time news anchor Wendall Anschutz. A member of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, he is a conservative Christian. He and his wife Nancy, whom he met when he was 16, have three children. Anschutz was inducted into the Kansas Business Hall of Fame in 2000 and the U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2002.
Anschutz is a somewhat reclusive man who prefers to stay out of the limelight. He has granted only three formal interviews since 1979, and none at all from the 1980s until 2015. On December 6, 2015, Anschutz finally broke his media silence when he appeared with several of the founders of Major League Soccer to reflect on the league's 20-year anniversary.
In 1970, Anschutz bought the 250,000-acre (1,000 km²) Baughman Farms, one of the country's largest farming corporations, in Liberal, Kansas for $10 million. The following year, he acquired 9 million acres (36,000 km²) along the Utah-Wyoming border. This produced his first fortune in the oil business. In the early 1980s, the Anschutz Ranch, with its 1 billion barrel (160,000,000 m³) oil pocket, became the largest oil field discovery in the United States since Prudhoe Bay in Alaska in 1968. He sold an interest in it to Mobil Oil for $500 million in 1982.
Anschutz then moved into railroads and telecommunications before venturing into the entertainment industry. In 1999, Fortune magazine compared him to the nineteenth-century tycoon J.P. Morgan, as both men "struck it rich in a fundamentally different way: they operated across an astounding array of industries, mastering and reshaping entire economic landscapes."
Rail and petroleum businesses
In 1984 he entered the railroad business by purchasing the Rio Grande Railroad's holding company, Rio Grande Industries. Four years later, in 1988, the Rio Grande railroad purchased the Southern Pacific Railroad under his direction. With the merger of the Southern Pacific and Union Pacific Corporation in September 1996, Anschutz became Vice-Chairman of Union Pacific. Prior to the merger, he was a Director of Southern Pacific from June 1988 to September 1996, and Non-Executive Chairman of Southern Pacific from 1993 to September 1996. He was also a Director of Forest Oil Corporation, beginning in 1995. In November 1993 he became Director and Chairman of the Board of Qwest, stepping down as a nonexecutive co-chairman in 2002, but remaining on the board. He has also been a Director for Pacific Energy Partners and served on the boards of the American Petroleum Institute, in Washington, D.C. and the National Petroleum Council in Washington, D.C.
In May 2001, the Bush administration upheld Anschutz's right to drill an exploratory oil well at Weatherman Draw, in south-central Montana where Native American tribes wanted to preserve sacred rock drawings. Environmental groups, preservationists, and ten Native American tribes had appealed the decision without success. In April 2002, the Anschutz Exploration Corporation gave up its plans to drill for oil in the area. They donated its leases for oil and gas rights to the National Trust for Historic Preservation, which has pledged to let the leases expire, and the Bureau of Land Management said it had no plans to permit further leases there, and would consider formal withdrawal of the 4,268 acre (17 km²) site from mineral leasing in its 2004 management plan. In recognition for its preservation efforts, The National Trust for Historic Preservation presented its President's Award to the Anschutz Exploration Corp.
In May 2003, New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer reached a settlement with Anschutz after the AG filed a civil complaint accusing Anschutz of accepting IPO shares from Salomon Smith Barney in exchange for his firm, Qwest's, investment banking business. He continued to vehemently deny any wrongdoing but volunteered to donate a total of $4.4 million to settle the case as long as he selected the recipient organizations in advance. Anschutz paid $100,000 to each of 32 New York nonprofit philanthropic groups that he selected, as well as $200,000 to each of six law schools he also pre-selected. In return, Spitzer dropped his civil suit. The payment was roughly equal to his profit from the practice of IPO "spinning", thus he actually suffered no penalty. The controversial suit by Spitzer was panned in a Wall Street Journal editorial headlined, "The Anschutz Ransom". The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the U.S. Department of Justice extensively investigated Qwest officials, and determined that there was no justification for taking action against any board member. The Denver Post summarized the implications for Anschutz thus: "Not only is Qwest founder and board member Philip Anschutz not a defendant in the long-awaited civil case against the regime of former Qwest chief executive Joe Nacchio, he doesn't even merit a mention in the 50-page complaint."
In February 2006, the Denver Rocky Mountain News reported that Anschutz would not stand for re-election to the boards of Qwest and Union Pacific, and would resign from the board of Regal Entertainment Group, so that he could focus on his other investments.
On June 24, 2008, it was announced that Anschutz would buy Xanterra Parks and Resorts, which had purchased the Grand Canyon Railway in 2007. In 2011, it was announced that Anschutz purchased the Oklahoma Publishing Company, and as part of their assets the Broadmoor and the Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway in Colorado Springs.
Effective August 1, 2010, Xanterra Parks & Resorts, owned by Denver-based Anschutz Company, has purchased and assumed management of Kingsmill Resort. Xanterra purchased the resort from Busch Properties, Inc. (BPI).
Entertainment -- Anschutz Entertainment Group
The Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG) is a sporting and music entertainment presenter and a subsidiary of The Anschutz Corporation. It is the owner of entertainment venues, and under AEG Live the world's second largest presenter of live music and entertainment events after Live Nation.
Anschutz is one of only four recipients of the National Soccer Hall of Fame's Medal of Honor for his contributions to growing the sport of soccer in the United States. Sports Business Journal ranked Anschutz in 2006 as the #1 most influential person in soccer in the U.S. Anschutz was one of the founders of Major League Soccer as well as multiple teams, including the Los Angeles Galaxy, Chicago Fire, Colorado Rapids, Houston Dynamo, San Jose Earthquakes, D.C. United, and the New York/New Jersey MetroStars. He owns a stake in the StubHub Center, the stadium for the MLS team LA Galaxy and former MLS team Chivas USA. For some time, while MLS was struggling, Anschutz owned six MLS franchises and experienced significant financial losses. For this reason, Anschutz has been called the man who saved MLS. MLS Commissioner Don Garber stated in 2006 that "without Phil Anschutz, there's no MLS today."
Anschutz was instrumental in several MLS initiatives that have grown the league's revenues and profits. For example, Anschutz pushed for the building of soccer-specific stadiums, allowing MLS teams to increase revenue and better control costs. Anschutz also advocated for MLS' creation of Soccer United Marketing, the league's sales and marketing arm. Anschutz has since sold his stake in the Chicago, Denver, Houston, New York, San Jose and D.C. MLS teams and currently only owns the Galaxy.
The SportsBusiness Journal named Anschutz the 5th most influential person in sports business in 2012 in its annual survey of the "50 Most Influential People in Sports Business." Anschutz owns stakes in the Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Kings and venues including the Staples Center and O2 Arena. AEG is the world's largest owner of sports teams, sports events, and sports venues.
One of the world's wealthiest individuals, Anschutz has been an active philanthropist. He was listed as #113 on the Forbes list of billionaires in January 2015, with a net worth of $10.3 billion.
The Anschutz Foundation, founded in 1984, supports a broad variety of community service, cultural and arts groups, as well as health facilities and initiatives - all of which make up the vast majority of the Foundation's annual giving. It also provides grants to several public policy think tanks - which account for approximately 1.5% - 2.0% of the Foundation's grants.
Philip Anschutz and his wife Nancy have contributed over $100,000,000 to the new medical, dental, nursing, and pharmacy campus of the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora, Colorado, which is now named the Anschutz Medical Campus in their honor. The land came from the recently closed Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, but millions and millions were needed for the construction of new medical laboratory buildings and a new University Hospital on the land.
In recognition of their philanthropic efforts, Phil and Nancy Anschutz were named the winners of the 2009 William E. Simon Prize for Philanthropic Leadership.
Other business ventures
- Forest Oil
- Pacific Energy Group
- Regal Entertainment Group, the largest movie theater chain in the world, with approximately 7,000 screens. Anschutz owns more than half of the company, which is a collection of former bankrupt chains.
- Union Pacific Railroad (Anschutz is the company's largest shareholder, with a 6% stake.)
- Clarity Media Group, a Denver-based Publishing Group which includes:
- The Oklahoman, largest newspaper in Oklahoma City and Oklahoma
- The San Francisco Examiner (purchased 2004, sold November 2011)
- The Washington Examiner, which was spun off from a number of D.C. area suburban dailies.
- The Baltimore Examiner, which launched in April 2006 and was shut down in early 2009. (Anschutz has trademarked the name "Examiner" in more than sixty cities.)
- Examiner.com, a hyper-local web portal where citizen journalists write on local topics, from news to blog-like stories.
- The Weekly Standard (purchased in 2009)
- The Gazette, the second-largest newspaper in Colorado with a daily circulation of 74,172. (purchased November 30, 2012)
- The Oil & Gas Asset Clearinghouse, which is an auction company designed for the Oil & Gas Business
- NRC Broadcasting, which owns a string of radio stations in Colorado.
- The Anschutz Investment Company purchased LightEdge Solutions in February 2008. LightEdge is a business-to-business hosted services provider focused on Wide-Area-Networking, Voice-over-IP, Hosted Microsoft applications (Exchange, OCS, SharePoint), hosted servers/storage collocation cage and rackspace and Business Continuity Services.
- It was announced September 15, 2011 that Anschutz would be acquiring all assets of Oklahoma Publishing Company (OPUBCO) from the Gaylord and Dickinson families. Upon closing, Anschutz would operate OPUBCO separate from all his other publishing and media assets as its own independent company. Closing is expected in October 2011.
- In March 2012, it was reported that Anschutz was the American that was interested in buying the Glasgow Rangers.
- Power Company of Wyoming LLC, formed in 2007 (re-incorporated in 2010) for the purpose of building the Chokecherry and Sierra Madre wind power complex in Carbon County, Wyoming, comprising up to 1,000 wind turbines with up to 3,000 megawatts of capacity. It will be sited on 229,077 acres, about half federal, about half privately owned by an affiliate, and a smattering of state lands. According to the federal Bureau of Land Management, which on July 2, 2012, announced completion of the project's final Environmental Impact Statement, "Chokecherry and Sierra Madre are two distinct sites approximately five miles apart which are both being analyzed together. When combined, they comprise the largest commercial wind generation facility proposed in the U.S. and one of the largest in the world." Construction is expected to start in 2013, and cost an estimated $4 billion-$6 billion."
Political and Christian activism
- Supported George W. Bush.
- Supported the Parents Television Council, a group that protests against television indecency.
- Financed and distributed films with Christian themes, such as Amazing Grace and The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, for mass audiences through his two film production companies and ownership of much of the Regal, Edwards and United Artists theater chains.
- Financed The Foundation for a Better Life.
- In 2009 Anschutz purchased the conservative American opinion magazine The Weekly Standard from Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation.
- Philip Anschutz and fellow board members of the American Petroleum Institute in Washington are credited by Bush's energy secretary for the Oval Office decision in 2001 to stand with the 95-0 vote in the U.S. Senate four years earlier against bringing ratification of the Kyoto Protocol to the floor for consideration. The primary reason cited was the crippling economic effects of the treaty.
- Financed the 2010 pro-charter school film, Waiting for Superman.
- Financed the 2012 pro-parent trigger film, Won't Back Down.
- Forbes: The World's billionaires - Philip Anschutz September 2014
- Forbes topic page on Philip Anschutz. Accessed September 2014.
- A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans, by William E. Connelley Accessed March 2013.
- Contemporary Honors Award Recipient Philip Anschutz, Kansas Business Hall of Fame, February 2000
- Gilpin, Kenneth N. (October 4, 1984). "BUSINESS PEOPLE – BUSINESS PEOPLE – Anschutz Founder Shuns Limelight". The New York Times. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
- "Philip Anschutz: The Westerner" The Independent, July 8, 2006. Retrieved from Internet Archive June 30, 2016
- "Contemporary Honors Award Recipient 2000 - School of Business | Emporia State University". www.emporia.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-07.
- Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame
- Markazi, Arash. Potential AEG sale raises questions. ESPN, 2012-09-18.
- MLS founders reflect on 20 years of Major League Soccer. Major League Soccer, 2015-12-06.
- The real king of the Los Angeles Kings: mystery billionaire Philip Anschutz
- O'Reilly, Brian (September 6, 1999). "Billionaire Next Door Philip Anschutz may be the richest American you've never heard of. But this in many ways ordinary guy is an extraordinary businessman, as we learned when we went hunting for the elusive". CNN. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "Anschutz Group Wins Recognition for Support Award Celebrates Valley of Chiefs Work". Rocky Mountain News. February 11, 2003.
- "Anschutz, Spitzer Settle, Then Fight". Forbes. May 14, 2003.
- Dead link at nydailynews.com, 2003-05-15.
- WSJ Review and Outlook, May 15, 2003.
- "Anschutz not named in lawsuit ... No indication action is pending". nl.newsbank.com.
- Dead link at rockymountainnews.com.
- Whitehurst, Patrick (June 24, 2008). "New ownership for Xanterra, GC Railway". Williams News. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
- "Anschutz Buys Manitou & Pikes Peak". DRGW.Net. September 19, 2011.
- Anschutz Takes AEG Off the Market; President Leiweke Is Out
- Sports Business Journal, Soccer’s visionary: Phil Anschutz, June 5, 2006, http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Journal/Issues/2006/06/20060605/SBJ-In-Depth/Soccers-Visionary-Phil-Anschutz.aspx
- Sports Business Journal, The 20 Most Influential People in Soccer, June 5, 2006, http://m.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Journal/Issues/2006/06/20060605/SBJ-In-Depth/The-20-Most-Influential-People-In-Soccer.aspx
- "How Philip Anschutz Made Billions Seeing What Others Missed". The Motley Fool. July 20, 2015.
- SB Nation, The Two Sides of Phillip Anschutz: An American Soccer Savior With a Disturbing Social Agenda, Nov. 10, 2011, http://www.dynamotheory.com/2011/11/10/2551015/the-two-sides-of-phillip-anschutz-houston-dynamo-la-galaxy-mls-cup-2011
- TropiGol Sports, Anschutz saved MLS from extinction, Sep. 19, 2012, http://www.tropigol.com/2012/09/19/anschutz-saved-mls-from-extinction/
- Philip Anschutz's Philanthropy page. Faces of Philanthropy, accessed December 23, 2010.
- Forbes realtime list of billionaires, Forbes, accessed January 18, 2015.
- Jonathan Last, "Pass It On", Philanthropy Roundtable, Fall 2009.
- Mark Harden, "Corporate Citizen of the Year: Anschutz's support key to building health care city", Denver Business Journal, October 7, 2007.
- Internal Revenue Service, Form 990s, via guidestar.org
- Corcoran, Michael. "The Weekly Standard’s War: Murdoch sells the magazine that sold the Iraq invasion", Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, September 2009.
- Avery, Greg (November 30, 2012). "Anschutz buys Colorado Springs Gazette". Denver Business Journal. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "The Anschutz Co. buys Des Moines firm", Denver Business Journal, March 25, 2008, accessed March 10, 2011
- Power Company of Wyoming LLC home page
- Wyoming Secretary of State Business Search, accessed 2012/07/05
- Wyoming Secretary of State Business Search, accessed 2012/07/05
- BLM project map, accessed 2012/07/05
- BLM. Chokecherry & Sierra Madre Wind Energy Project Final EIS, Volume II, Chapter 1, page 4
- Chokecherry and Sierra Madre project description pdf, accessed 2012/07/05
- Clark, Justin, "Citizen Anschutz: How the conservative Christian head of Regal Cinemas is trying to change how you see movies", Nerve.com, March 23, 2006.
- "Weekly Standard sold to Washington Examiner parent company", Washington Examiner, June 17, 2009.
- Substance News, October 28, 2010 http://www.substancenews.net/articles.php?page=1746
- Josh Eidelson, "Walmart, Right-Wing Media Company Hold Star-Studded Benefit Promoting Education Reform Film" In These Times, August 13, 2012, http://www.inthesetimes.com/working/entry/13643/walmart_anschutz_teachers_rock_wont_back_down_union_parent_trigger_viola_da/
- "The Man Behind the Curtain", Forbes, 2010-11-08.
- "Philip Anschutz, Chairman and CEO, The Anschutz Corporation, Denver, CO", The Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans.
- Bruck, Connie, "The Man Who Owns LA", The New Yorker, January 16, 2012.
- Philip Anschutz at the Internet Movie Database