Phillip Calvert (governor)

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Phillip Calvert (1626–1682), also known as Philip Calvert, was the fifth Governor of Maryland during a brief period in 1660 or 1661. He was appointed by the royally chartered proprietor of Maryland, Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), as a caretaker to replace Lt. Gen Josias Fendall (1628–1682), the fifth/sixth? provincial governor.


Calvert came to Maryland on the first expedition under first colonial governor Leonard Calvert (1606–1647), younger brother of the second Lord Baltimore Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605–1675). In 1656, he was made secretary of the Province and one of its Councillors. After the treason and overthrow of Governor Fendall, Calvert became governor in 1660, and displayed clemency in pardoning Fendall.

In 1661, Capt. Charles Calvert (1688–1734), illegitimate son of the Proprietor, was made Governor, and Philip was appointed Deputy-Lieutenant and Councillor of the Province. After this, he negotiated a treaty with the Dutch in which they agreed to abandon the disputed territory on the Delaware River. He was one of a committee which negotiated a treaty with the Indians, and of another commission which settled with the Virginia authorities a boundary line between Maryland and Virginia along the south shore of the Potomac River.


He was son of George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore (1579–1632), and his second wife, Joane.

Calvert was married to Anne Wolsely Calvert. In 1990, the bodies of Calvert, Anne Wolsely Calvert, and an unidentified infant were found in lead coffins in a brick vault located in the ruins of a brick chapel in the "Chapel Field" in St. Mary's City, Maryland, the former colonial capital. Examination of these remains provided scientists and historians with significant insight regarding life in 17th century Maryland.[1]

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 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Philip Calvert". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

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