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Phillips Raymond Holmes
July 22, 1907
Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||August 12, 1942 (aged 35)|
|Resting place||Gate of Heaven Cemetery|
|Other names||Phillips R. Holmes|
|Education||Trinity College |
University of Grenoble
Phillips Raymond Holmes (July 22, 1907 – August 12, 1942) was an American actor. For his contributions to the film industry, he was posthumously given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1960.
Early life, education and career
Born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, the son of Edna Phillips and stage star Taylor Holmes, Holmes enjoyed a privileged childhood and received his education at Trinity College, Cambridge, the University of Grenoble and a year at Princeton University where he was spotted in the undergraduate crowd during the filming of Frank Tuttle's Varsity in 1928 and offered a screen test. In the early 1930s, he became a popular leading man, playing leads in a few important productions, notably in Josef von Sternberg's An American Tragedy (1931).
At Paramount, he starred in melodrama and comedy. In 1933, his contract with Paramount ran out and he moved to MGM for one year. As the decade progressed, Holmes' career declined, and he appeared in a few box-office failures, including Sam Goldwyn's poorly received Nana (1934). His last American movie was General Spanky (1936). In 1938, he appeared in two UK movies. Housemaster was his last film, and he returned to acting on stage in the United States.
In 1933, Holmes was driving with actress Mae Clarke when he crashed into a parked car. Clarke, who suffered a broken jaw and facial cuts, sued Holmes for US$21,500 (equivalent to $450,063 in 2021), claiming that he had been driving while drunk. Clarke dropped the suit when Holmes agreed to pay her medical expenses. The changes in her face adversely affected her burgeoning career in the long run (in 1931, she had played both Victor Frankenstein's bride in Frankenstein and the recipient of a half grapefruit in the face from James Cagney in The Public Enemy).
Military service and death
- Uneasy Money (1918) as Caddy (film debut, uncredited)
- Her Market Value (1925) as Party Boy (uncredited)
- Varsity (1928) as Middlebrook
- His Private Life (1928) as Pierrot (uncredited)
- The Wild Party (1929) as Phil
- The Studio Murder Mystery (1929) as Young Actor (uncredited)
- Stairs of Sand (1929) as Adam Wansfell
- Illusion (1929) as Eric's Friend in Audience (uncredited)
- The Return of Sherlock Holmes (1929) as Roger Longmore
- Pointed Heels (1929) as Donald Ogden
- Only the Brave (1930) as Capt. Robert Darrington
- Paramount on Parade (1930) as Hunter - Episode 'Dream Girl'
- The Devil's Holiday (1930) as David Stone
- Grumpy (1930) as Ernest Heron
- Her Man (1930) as Dan Keefe
- The Dancers (1930) as Tony
- Man to Man (1930) as Michael Bolton
- The Criminal Code (1931) as Robert Graham
- Stolen Heaven (1931) as Joe Bartlett
- Confessions of a Co-Ed (1931) as Dan Carter
- An American Tragedy (1931) as Clyde Griffiths
- Two Kinds of Women (1932) as Joseph Gresham Jr.
- Broken Lullaby (1932) as Paul Renard
- Night Court (1932) as Mike Thomas
- Make Me a Star (1932) as Phillips Holmes (uncredited)
- 70,000 Witnesses (1932) as Buck Buchan
- The Secret of Madame Blanche (1933) as Leonard St. John
- Men Must Fight (1933) as Bob Seward
- Looking Forward (1933) as Michael Service
- Storm at Daybreak (1933) as Csaholyi
- The Big Brain (1933) as Terry Van Sloan
- Dinner at Eight (1933) as Ernest DeGraff
- Beauty for Sale (1933) as Burt Barton
- Penthouse (1933) as Tom Siddall
- Stage Mother (1933) as Lord Aylesworth
- Nana (1934) as Lieutenant George Muffat
- Caravan (1934) as Lt. von Tokay
- Private Scandal (1934) as Cliff Barry
- Million Dollar Ransom (1934) as Stanton Casserly
- No Ransom (1934) as Tom Wilson
- Great Expectations (1934) as Pip
- Ten Minute Alibi (1935) as Colin Derwent
- The Divine Spark (1935) as Vincenzo Bellini
- Chatterbox (1936) as Philip 'Phil' Greene Jr
- The House of a Thousand Candles (1936) as Tony Carleton
- General Spanky (1936) as Marshall Valient
- The Dominant Sex (1937) as Dick Shale
- Housemaster (1938) - Philip de Pourville
- List of alumni of Trinity College, Cambridge
- List of people from Grand Rapids, Michigan
- List of Princeton University people
- Lists of actors
- "Phillips Holmes '30 – Going Hollywood and After" Archived 2012-02-16 at the Wayback Machine (PDF format). Princeton University Library Chronicle, Volume 31, Autumn 1969.
- "Phillips Holmes | Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos". AllMovie.
- "Phillips Holmes". Speakeasy. 2014-10-31. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
- "Phillips Holmes". BFI.
- Mank, Gregory William (2005-05-17). Women in Horror Films, 1930s. McFarland. ISBN 9780786423347.
- Buller, Richard P. (2005). A Beautiful Fairy Tale: The Life of Actress Lois Moran. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9780879103125.
- Database (undated). "Phillips Holmes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Phillips Holmes". October 25, 2019.