Philodryas chamissonis

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Philodryas chamissonis
Culebra de cola larga.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Philodryas
Species:
P. chamissonis
Binomial name
Philodryas chamissonis
(Wiegmann, 1834)
Synonyms
  • Coronella chamissonis
    Wiegmann, 1834
  • Psammophis temminckii
    Schlegel, 1837
  • Tæniophis tantillus
    Girard, 1854
  • Dromicus chamissonis
    Steindachner, 1867
  • Liophis luctuosa
    Philippi, 1899[2]
  • Philodryas chamissonis
    — Sallaberry-Pincheira et al., 2011[3]

Philodryas chamissonis, commonly known as the long-tailed snake, is a species of moderately venomous opisthoglyphous (rear-fanged) snake in the family Colubridae. The species is native to South America.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, chamissonis, is in honor of German botanist and poet Adelbert von Chamisso.[2][5]

Geographic range[edit]

P. chamissonis is endemic to Chile and has a large distribution, from Copiapó to Valdivia.[citation needed]

Description[edit]

Usually, P. chamissonis is gray, with black and white longitudinal stripes on the body. It is a medium-sized snake, which usually reaches 1.4 m (4.6 ft) in total length (including tail).[citation needed]

The length of the tail is 25-28.5 % of the total length. There are 8 upper labials, the 4th and 5th entering the eye. The smooth dorsal scales are arranged in 19 rows at midbody. Ventrals 179-225; anal plate divided; subcaudals 100-122.[6]

Habitat[edit]

Philodryas chamissonis lives in a large variety of habitats.

Diet[edit]

The diet of P. chamissonis is mainly composed of little rodents, insects, and other smaller reptiles.[citation needed]

Reproduction[edit]

P. chamissonis is an oviparous reptile.

Venom[edit]

Because P. chamissonis is rarely found, bites by it are uncommon. However, its bite is painful and causes extensive swelling.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Avilés R, Garin C, Nunez J, Ortiz JC, Sallaberry N, Tala C, Victoriano P, Vidal M (2016). "Philodryas chamissonis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T16985A69941244. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T16985A69941244.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Philodryas chamissonis ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ Sallaberry-Pincheira N, Garin CF, González-Acuña D, Sallaberry MA, Vianna JA (2011). "Genetic Divergence of Chilean long-tailed snake (Philodryas chamissonis) across latitudes: conservation threats for different lineages". Diversity and Distribution 17: 152-162.
  4. ^ "Philodryas chamissonis ". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Philodryas chamissonis, p. 51).
  6. ^ Boulenger GA (1894). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Dromicus chamissonis, pp. 119-120).
  7. ^ Neira P, Jofré L, Oschilewski D, Subercaseaux B, Muñoz N (2007). "Mordedura por Philodryas chamissonis. Presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura (Snake bite by Philodryas chamissonis: a case presentation and literature review)". Revista chilena de infectología 24 (3): 236-241. (in Spanish).

Further reading[edit]

  • Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Dromicus chamissonis, p. 95).
  • Wiegmann AFA (1835). "Beiträge zur Zoologie, Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erde. Siebente Abhandlung. Amphibien ". Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum (Wrocław and Bonn) 17: 185-268 + Plates XIII-XXII. (Coronella chamissonis, new species, pp. 246–250 + Plate XIX). (in German and Latin).