Philotheus of Pskov

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For other people named Philotheus, see Philotheus (disambiguation).

Philotheus (or Filofei) (Russian: Филофей) (1465–1542) was a hegumen of the Yelizarov Monastery near Pskov in the 16th century. He is credited with authorship of the Legend of the White Cowl and the Third Rome prophecy. Details of which are very scarce. Known as the presumed author of the concept of "Moscow - the Third Rome", which sets out the thesis in his letters.

In reality, these letters are devoted to other issues and not talking about Moscow or Russia, but "Rome kingdom", which is identified with the Moscow principality and which Filofei prophesiesd

Expected authorship Philotheus essays "On grievances of the Church" to Ivan IV Vasilyevich, refuted by scientists, as it contains elements of controversy with the first Epistle. Continuer Philotheus tied the theme "Third Rome" protection of property rights of the church.

In August 2009 it was reported that archaeologists had discovered the Pskov grave, allegedly belonging to Philotheus.[1]