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|United States Senator
March 4, 1871 – March 4, 1877
|Preceded by||John M. Thayer|
|Succeeded by||Alvin Saunders|
|Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska Territory's At-large district|
March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867
|Preceded by||Samuel G. Daily|
|Succeeded by||statehood achieved|
|Born||Phineas Warren Hitchcock
November 30, 1831
New Lebanon, New York
|Died||July 10, 1881
Life and career
When he turned 16, he began two years preparatory course study at the Great Barrington Academy in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. He entered Williams College in Williamstown, Berkshire County, Massachusetts graduating in 1855. His classmates at Williams included, James A. Garfield, James Gilfillan and John James Ingalls. After he graduated, and after several years of combined law study and journalistic work in New York State, he moved to the Territory of Nebraska in the spring of 1857, locating at Omaha, then a small settlement. He at once opened a law office, combining with the practice of his profession an agency for several insurance companies and a general real estate business.
Marriage and family life
He married on December 27, 1858 at Omaha, Nebraska, Annie M. Monell, the daughter of Lucinda Carpenter and Dr. Gilbert C. Monell, an 1839 graduate of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and a member of the Old Settlers' Association. She was born in 1837 in Newburgh (town), New York, Orange County, New York and died in 1877 in Omaha, Nebraska. She is buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery.
They were the parents of three children, all born at Omaha, Nebraska: Gilbert M. Hitchcock, born September 18, 1859 and the founder of the Omaha World-Herald and a U.S. Representative and Senator; Grace Hitchcock, born September 20, 1862 and John Gray Hitchcock, born April 29, 1865.
Hitchcock was appointed a United States Marshal from 1861–1864; a Republican, elected as the Nebraska Territory Delegate to the Thirty-ninth Congress and served from March 4, 1865 to March 1, 1867, when the Territory was admitted as a State into the Union. He was appointed surveyor general of Nebraska and Iowa from 1867-1869. In 1870, Hitchcock was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1871, to March 4, 1877. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection.
Hitchcock served as the chairman of the Committee on Territories in the Forty-fourth Congress. He was involved in newspaper publishing and various businesses.
In 1873 Hitchcock introduced the Timber Culture Act a follow-up act to the Homestead Act. The Timber Culture Act was passed by Congress on March 3 of that year. This act allowed homesteaders to acquire 160 acres of land by planting 40 acres of trees. At the end of eight years from the date of entry, the settler could make final proof if the necessary conditions had been fulfilled. Five additional years were allowed to make proof, or a total of thirteen years from the date of entry. The claimant had to prove that the trees had been planted and cultivated and that not less than 675 living trees per acre had survived. An affidavit or "timber culture proof" had to be completed by the claimant and two witnesses before the final certificate and patents were issued.
- Burr, George L. (1921). History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska, Volume 1. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 118.
- "Find a Grave for Phineas Warren Hitchcock". Retrieved August 10, 2009.
- The Genealogy of the Hitchcock Family: Who are Descended from Matthias Hitchcock of East Haven, Conn., and Luke Hitchcock of Wethersfield, Conn. Press of Carpenter & Morehouse. January 1, 1894.
- University, Columbia (January 1, 1906). Catalogue of Officers and Graduates of Columbia University from the Foundation of King's College in 1754. University.
- United States Congress. "Phineas Hitchcock (id: H000648)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Samuel Gordon Daily
|Nebraska Territory Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
John M. Thayer
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Nebraska
Served alongside: Thomas W. Tipton, Algernon S. Paddock