Phir Subah Hogi
|Phir Subah Hogi|
|फिर सुबह होगी|
|Directed by||Ramesh Saigal|
|Produced by||Ramesh Saigal|
|Music by||Mohammed Zahur Khayyam|
|Box office||₹ 1,80,00,000|
Phir Subah Hogi ("Morning will dawn again"; also spelt Phir Subha Hogi) is a 1958 Indian drama film produced and directed by Ramesh Saigal and starring Raj Kapoor and Mala Sinha in lead roles. The movie was an adaption of Fyodor Dostoevsky's immortal novel, Crime and Punishment.
Ram (Raj Kapoor) is a poor law student who supports his education with money orders from his mother and things he pawns. While struggling with his poor finances, he save a boy from accident. Seeing the poor condition of the boy's family he gives all his savings for the boy's treatment. Ram keeps visiting the boy and falls in love with the boy's elder sister Sohni (Mala Sinha). Sohni's father Gopal is addicted to liquor which Harbanslal keeps providing him with. Harbanslal has a mean motive in doing so as he wants marry Sohni. To prevent Sohni's arranged marriage with Harbanslal, Ram decides to rob the pawn broker. But he is caught in the act, and he murders the pawn owner.
Ram's conscience keeps telling him to admit his crime. But he never picks up the courage to do so. The police inspector on the case keeps suspecting Ram for the crime. With no proof he, too, is helpless. Ram learns that police have already arrested another thief and have charged him with this robbery and murder. On the last day when the court is to rule in the case, Raj makes up his mind and admits. He pleads saying how he was acting in self-defense against real villains of the society. The court sentences him for three years of imprisonment. Sohni promises that she will wait for his release and then marry him.
- Raj Kapoor as Ram Babu
- Mala Sinha as Sohni
- Rehman as Rehman, Ram's friend
- Kamal Kapoor
- Mubarak as Police Inspector
- Jagdish Sethi as Harbanslal
- Leela Chitnis as Sohni's Mother
- Nana Palsikar as Gopal, Sohni's father
- Tun Tun as Ram's Landlord
Lyrics for this socially relevant film were composed by Sahir Ludhianvi and music by Mohammed Zahur Khayyam, popularly known as Khayyam. The song "Chin-O-Arab Hamara, Hindustan Hamara, Rahne Ko Ghar Nahin Hain, Saara Jahan Hamara" sung by Mukesh and picturised on Raj Kapoor, became very popular yet controversial and was very close to being banned then.
|1.||"Woh Subah Kabhi To Aayegi"||Mukesh||02:05|
|2.||"Aasman Pe Hai Khuda, Aur Zameen Pe Hum"||Mukesh||02:31|
|3.||"Woh Subah Kabhi To Aayegi"||Mukesh, Asha Bhosle||03:38|
|5.||"Phir Na Kije Meri Gustakh Nigah Ka Gila"||Mukesh, Asha Bhosle||03:23|
|6.||"Jis Pyaar Mein Ye Haal Ho"||Mohammad Rafi||03:55|
|7.||"Do Boonden Sawan Ki"||Asha Bhosle||04:04|
Phir Subah Hogi fared successfully at the box office and was the fourth highest-grossing film of the year 1958 behind Madhumati, Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi and Yahudi. The music composed by Khayyam is considered as "rich and beautiful". Songs like "Chin-O-Arab Hamara" and "Woh Subah Kabhi To Aayegi" penned by Sahir Ludhianvi were satirical on the condition of India and the Nehruvian politics. "Chin-o-Arab Hamara" was a parody on Iqbal's song "Saare Jahan Se Achcha".
Lal Krishna Advani, a senior leader of "Bhartiya Janata Party", many a time in his speeches has talked about watching this movie along with his friend and colleague Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Advani reminisces that former prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee was very fond of watching movies. He narrated an incident where in the 1958 he and Vajpayee, after facing an electoral defeat in Delhi Municipal Corporation election, straightaway went to watch a movie. Advani says that the film turned out to be 'Phir Subah Hogi'. Advani says that after Vajpayee became PM, he told party workers that the title of the movie had turned out to be prophetic and there was finally dawn.
- Box Office India. "Top Earners 1958". boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Ranade, Ashok (2006). Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries. Bibliophile South Asia. p. 283. ISBN 8185002649. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (1994). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 117. ISBN 0851704557. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Gulzar; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 289. ISBN 8179910660. Retrieved 1 May 2012.