Temporal range: Oligocene to Miocene
Wang, Tedford, & Taylor, 1999
|Broad range of the clade Phlaocyonini based on fossil record|
Phlaocyonini † is a hypocarnivorous clade or tribe of Borophaginae. This is an extinct group of canids that were endemic to North America and which lived during the Oligocene epoch (Whitneyan stage) to the Miocene (Early Barstovian) living ~33.3–5.3 Ma, existing for approximately .
The clade includes Cynarctoides and Phlaocyon. These two genus members represent differing approaches of hypocarnivory. The Cynarctoides trend toward having molar teeth with crowns formed of crescent-shaped cusps and remain small in size. Phlaocyon specialize toward rounded cusps on the molar teeth but of increasing size, with an unusual trend toward being hypercarnivores by two terminal species in the clade.
A few of many sites:
- Wewela Site, Turtle Butte Formation, Tripp County, South Dakota (Phlaocyon minor) ~30.8—20.6 Ma.
- Brooksville 2 Site, Hernando County, Florida (Phlaocyon taylori) ~26.3—24.8 Ma.
- Split Rock Site, Arikaree Formation, Fremont County, Wyoming, (Cynarctoides) ~20.6—16.3 Ma.
- Cedar Run Site, Oakville Formation, Washington County, Texas (Phlaocyon) ~20.3—5.3 Ma.
- Nambe Site, Tesuque Formation, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, (Cynarctoides acridens) ~20.3—5.3 Ma.