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Phlegopsis nigromaculata 1847.jpg
Black-spotted bare-eye (Phlegopsis nigromaculata)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Phlegopsis
L. Reichenbach, 1850

Phlegopsis is a genus of insectivorous passerine birds in the antbird family, Thamnophilidae. They are known as "bare-eyes", which is a reference to a colourful bare patch of skin around their eyes. They are restricted to humid forest in the Amazon of South America. They are among the largest ant-followers in the family and are only rarely seen away from ant swarms.


The pale-faced bare-eye, sometimes known as the pale-faced antbird, has often been placed in the monotypic genus Skutchia, but based on genetic evidence it should be placed in Phlegopsis,[1] and this treatment was adopted by the SACC in 2010.[2] Based on a single specimen a fourth species, the Argus bare-eye (P. barringeri) has been proposed, but it is a hybrid between P. erythroptera and P. nigromaculata.[3]

The genus contains three species:[4]


  1. ^ Aleixo, A.; Burlamaqui, T.C.T.; Schneider, M.P.C.; Goncalves, E.C. (2009). "Molecular systematics and plumage evolution in the monotypic obligate army-ant-following genus Skutchia (Thamnophilidae)". Condor. 111: 382–387. doi:10.1525/cond.2009.080097.
  2. ^ Brumfield, R.T. (April 2010). "Proposal (432): Merge Skutchia borbae into Phlegopsis (Thamnophilidae". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  3. ^ Graves, Garry R. (1992). "Diagnosis of a hybrid antbird (Phlegopsis nigromaculata X Phlegopsis erythroptera) and the rarity of hybridization among suboscines". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 105: 834–340.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 February 2018.