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Timothee (Phleum pratense subsp. pratense).jpg
Phleum pratense
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Supertribe: Poodae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Phleinae
Genus: Phleum
Type species
Phleum pratense
  • Stelephuros Adans.
  • Plantinia Bubani
  • Achnodonton P.Beauv.
  • Chilochloa P.Beauv.
  • Achnodon Link
  • Maillea Parl.
  • Pseudophleum Dogan

Phleum (timothy) is a genus of annual and perennial plants in the grass family.[4] The genus is native to Europe, Asia and north Africa, with one species (P. alpinum) also in North and South America.[5]

They are tufted grasses growing to 20–150 cm tall, with cylindrical, spike-like panicles containing many densely packed spikelets.[6]

formerly included[3]

numerous species now considered better suited to other genera: Aegilops Alopecurus Beckmannia Crypsis Cynodon Cynosurus Digitaria Elytrophorus Ischaemum Mnesithea Muhlenbergia Pennisetum Pentameris Phalaris Polypogon Polytrias Sesleria Tribolium

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Several species are important for cattle feed and as hay for horses and other domestic animals.[10]


  1. ^ lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot.: 119. 1929
  2. ^ "Tropicos - Name - Phleum L."
  3. ^ a b c "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families".
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 59-60 in Latin
  5. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Phleum
  6. ^ "Phleum in Flora of China @". Retrieved 2018-10-15.
  7. ^ "Search results — The Plant List".
  8. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana genere Phleum photos and distribution maps for several species
  9. ^ "Flora Europaea Search Results". Retrieved 2018-10-15.
  10. ^ "Plants Profile for Phleum (timothy)". Retrieved 2018-10-15.