Phleum alpinum

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Phleum alpinum
Phleum alpinum a1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Phleum
P. alpinum
Binomial name
Phleum alpinum

Phleum alpinum is a species of grass known by the common names alpine cat's-tail,[1] alpine timothy[2] and mountain timothy.[3]


Phleum alpinum has a circumboreal distribution, inhabiting northern areas of the Northern Hemisphere, as well as extending down through the Americas to southern South America. It can be found on islands in the subantarctic region such as South Georgia Island, on which it is one of the most common plant species.[4]

Phleum alpinum, clumps at 11,000 ft (3,400 m) in the Sierra Nevada USA


Phleum alpinum is a perennial bunchgrass forming loose clumps 20 to 60 centimeters tall. The inflorescence is a cylindrical to oval mass of spikelets up to 6 centimeters long and 1.2 wide.


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Phleum alpinum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  3. ^ Cathy Rose, Stephen Ingram (2015). Rock Creek Wildflowers. California Native Plant Society Press.
  4. ^ Callaghan, T. V. and M. C. Lewis. (1971). The growth of Phleum alpinum L. in contrasting habitats at a sub-Antarctic station. New Phytologist 70:6 1143-54.

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