Phnom Penh International Airport
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Phnom Penh International Airport
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||Cambodia Airport Management Services|
|Serves||Phnom Penh, Cambodia|
|Elevation AMSL||40 ft / 12 m|
Phnom Penh International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ, French: Aéroport International de Phnom Penh) (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the largest airport in Cambodia. It is located 7 kilometres (3.8 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.
Phnom Penh airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport.
On July 6, 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French-Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d’Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) - Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 percent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 percent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $110 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting.
The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession’s proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions.
Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 18,000-square-meter terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $22 million terminal building includes three mobile aerobridges, over 700 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.
The airport also has a Dairy Queen inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia.
Airlines and destinations
|Cambodia Angkor Air||Ho Chi Minh City, Siem Reap|
|China Eastern Airlines||Kunming, Nanning|
|China Southern Airlines||Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou|
|Jetstar Asia Airways||Singapore|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur|
|Thai Airways International||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi|
|Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines||Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City, Singapore|
|Vietnam Airlines||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane|
|Year||Total Passengers||Total Aircraft Movements|
International terminal profile
- Total capacity: 2 million pax
- Surface: 16,000 m²
- Waiting lounges: 1300 m²
- VIP Lounge: 250 m²
- Food & Beverage: 350 m²
- Duty Free: 700 m²
- Seat capacity: 360
- Check-In counters: 22
- Visa, Immigration and Customs counters: 30
- Number of gates: 4 with aerobridges, 2 with bus access
- Baggage conveyors: 2 (International)
- Car parking: 380
Domestic terminal profile
- Handling capacity Domestic Departures Terminal : 300 passengers per hour.
- Floor surface : 1,200 m².
- Boarding gates : 3
Arrival side (open space concept) :
- Floor surface : 2,470 m².
- Garden : 900 m².
- Total capacity : 400,000 passengers/year
- Length: 3000 m
- Width: 45 m.
- Orientation: 46 º - 226º (QFU 05 - 23)
- Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base
- Perpendicular taxiways (30 m. wide plus shoulders 5 m. wide each): 2
- Peak hour capacity: 10 movements (taxiways)
- Number of stands: 13 (4 contacts)
- Concrete area...... : 46,150 m²., 6 stands
- Asphalt area.........: 18,000 m²., 5 stands
- Total area.............: 64,150 m²
- Navigation aids and visual aids:
Accidents and incidents
- In March 1975, Vickers Viscount XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed. Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.
- 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh. The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
- Airport information for PNH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
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