Phnom Penh International Airport

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Phnom Penh International Airport
Phnom penh airport.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OperatorCambodia Airport Management Services
ServesPhnom Penh, Cambodia
Elevation AMSL40 ft / 12 m
Coordinates11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,000 9,843 Asphalt
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

Phnom Penh International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ, French: Aéroport International de Phnom Penh) (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the largest airport in Cambodia. It is located 7 kilometres (3.8 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.

History

Phnom Penh airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport.

On July 6, 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French-Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d’Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) - Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 percent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 percent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $110 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting.

The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession’s proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions.

Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 18,000-square-meter terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $22 million terminal building includes three mobile aerobridges, over 700 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.

The airport also has a Dairy Queen inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia.

Facilities

The airport resides at an elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designed 05/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 44 metres (9,843 ft × 144 ft).[1]

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Bangkok Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Cambodia Angkor Air Ho Chi Minh City, Siem Reap
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou
Dragonair Hong Kong
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
SilkAir Singapore
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tri-MG Intra Asia AirlinesBangkok, Ho Chi Minh City, Singapore
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane

Statistics

PMTair 20060914 Phnom Penh.jpg
Statistics for Phnom Penh International Airport
Year Total Passengers Total Aircraft Movements
1998 595,432 6,244
1999 738,115 7,239
2000 860,614 8,625
2001 917,367 17,364
2002 948,614 18,082
2003 867,190 16,346
2004 1,022,203 17,543
2005 1,081,745 17,033
2006 1,322,267 19,042
2007 1,598,424 20,881

International terminal profile

  • Total capacity: 2 million pax
    • Surface: 16,000 m²
    • Waiting lounges: 1300 m²
    • VIP Lounge: 250 m²
    • Food & Beverage: 350 m²
    • Duty Free: 700 m²
  • Seat capacity: 360
  • Check-In counters: 22
  • Visa, Immigration and Customs counters: 30
  • Number of gates: 4 with aerobridges, 2 with bus access
  • Baggage conveyors: 2 (International)
  • Car parking: 380

Domestic terminal profile

Departure side

  • Handling capacity Domestic Departures Terminal : 300 passengers per hour.
  • Floor surface : 1,200 m².
  • Boarding gates : 3

Arrival side (open space concept) :

  • Floor surface : 2,470 m².
  • Garden : 900 m².
  • Total capacity : 400,000 passengers/year

Airfield

  • Length: 3000 m
  • Width: 45 m.
  • Orientation: 46 º - 226º (QFU 05 - 23)
  • Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base
  • Perpendicular taxiways (30 m. wide plus shoulders 5 m. wide each): 2
  • Peak hour capacity: 10 movements (taxiways)
  • Number of stands: 13 (4 contacts)
    • Concrete area...... : 46,150 m²., 6 stands
    • Asphalt area.........: 18,000 m²., 5 stands
    • Total area.............: 64,150 m²
  • Navigation aids and visual aids:
    • VOR/DME
    • ILS
    • Meteo

Accidents and incidents

  • In March 1975, Vickers Viscount XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed.[3] Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.[4]
  • 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh.[5] The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for PNH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  4. ^ "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  5. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009.

See also

External links