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Temporal range: Early Miocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Hemicyonidae
Genus: Phoberocyon
Ginsburg, 1955
  • P. hispanicus
  • P. dehmi
  • P. aurelianensis
  • P. youngi
  • P. johnhenryi
  • P. huerzeleri

Phoberocyon is a large extinct genus of carnivorous Hemicyonid, found primarily in North America during the Miocene living from 20.6—16.3 mya, existing for approximately 4.3 million years.[1] One species, P. hispanicus, is known from Miocene Spain.


Phoberocyon was named by Ginsburg (1955). It was assigned to Ursidae by Ginsburg (1955)[2] and Carroll (1988); and to Hemicyoninae by Hunt (1998).[3][4]


Two specimens were examined by Legendre and Roth for body mass.[5]

  • Specimen 1: 83 kg (180 lb).
  • Specimen 2: 689.3 kg (1,500 lb).

Fossil distribution[edit]



  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Phoberocyon, basic info
  2. ^ Ginsburg, L. & Morales, J. 1998. Les Hemicyoninae (Ursidae Hemicyonidaesidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) et les formes apparentées du Miocène inférieur et moyen d'Europe occidentale. Ann. Paléontol. 84 (1): 71-123.
  3. ^ R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 1-698
  4. ^ Hunt, R. M. (1998). "Ursidae". In Jacobs, Louis; Janis, Christine M.; Scott, Kathleen L. Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America: Volume 1, Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulate like Mammals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 174–195. ISBN 0-521-35519-2. 
  5. ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology 1(1):85-98