Phoebe Gloeckner in Gijon, Spain, 2009
|Born||Phoebe Louise Adams Gloeckner
December 22, 1960
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania US
|Known for||A Child's Life and Other Stories|
|Notable work||The Diary of a Teenage Girl: An Account in Words and Pictures|
Gloeckner worked prolifically as a medical illustrator since 1988, and her training is evident in her paintings and comics art, which are highly detailed and often prominently feature the human body. Her first prominent work in fiction publishing, a series of illustrations for the RE/Search edition of J. G. Ballard's novel The Atrocity Exhibition, used clinical images of internal anatomy, sex, and physical trauma in ambiguous and evocative combinations.
Her early comics work, in the form of short stories published in a variety of underground anthologies including Wimmen's Comix, Weirdo, Young Lust, and Twisted Sisters, and in the tabloid zine, RE/Search (numbered volumes), was sporadic and rarely seen until the 1998 release of the collection A Child's Life and Other Stories. This was followed by her 2002 novel The Diary of a Teenage Girl: An Account in Words and Pictures, which revisited the troubled life of the young character (usually referred to as "Minnie Goetze") previously featured in some of her comics, this time in an unusual combination of prose, illustration, and short comics scenes.
Her novel and many of her short stories are semi-autobiographical, a frequent cause of comment due to their depiction of sex, drug use, and childhood traumas; however, Gloeckner has stated that she regards them as fiction. Sexual content led to A Child's Life and Other Stories being banned from the public library in Stockton, California, after it was checked out by an 11-year-old reader. The mayor of Stockton called the book "a how-to book for pedophiles." The graphic novel was also classified as pornography and refused entry by customs officials in both France and England.
Less controversial, and actually intended for children, is the book Weird Things You Can Grow, published by Random House, and books in the series beginning with Tales too Funny to be True published by HarperCollins, for which she did the illustrations.
A film version of The Diary of a Teenage Girl premiered at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival. The film was acquired by Sony Pictures Classics at the festival. Adapted and directed by Marielle Heller, it is based on Heller's earlier stage adaptation. The film stars Alexander Skarsgard as Monroe, Kristen Wiig as Charlotte, and Bel Powley as the main character, Minnie Goetze. Heller developed the script at the Sundance Institute's Sundance Feature Film Program Lab. The film won "Best First Feature" at the 2016 Spirit Awards.
Gloeckner was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her mother was a librarian and her father, David Gloeckner, was a commercial illustrator. Her father's family was Quaker and she attended Quaker schools when she was young. She has a younger sister.
Gloeckner's parents divorced when she was 4 years old. In 1972, when she was 11 or 12 years old, her mother remarried and the family moved to San Francisco. She attended several Bay Area schools, including The Hamlin School for Girls, The Urban School of San Francisco, Lick-Wilmerding High School, and The Independent Learning School. She was a boarding student at Castilleja (in Palo Alto) for a year, but returned to San Francisco to live with her mother, her mother's boyfriend, and her sister, when she was 14.
Gloeckner began cartooning at the age of 12. Because her mother was dating Robert Armstrong, a cartoonist in Robert Crumb's band Cheap Suit Serenaders, she met many San Francisco underground comics figures who had a profound influence upon her, including Robert Crumb, Aline Kominsky, Bill Griffith, Terry Zwigoff, and Diane Noomin.
Gloeckner attended San Francisco State University from 1980 to 1985, where she was a pre-med student and studied French and art. She spent the 1983-1984 academic year in Université d’Aix-Marseille studying art, French, and biology, and from 1984 to 1985 spent about six months studying Czech and literature at Charles University in Prague. She has an M.A. in Biomedical Communications from University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, which she received in 1988. The degree was in medical illustration. Her 1987 dissertation was on the "Semiotic Analysis of Medical Illustration," in which she studies narrative devices used in medical and surgical illustration.
Gloeckner became interested in medical illustration through her maternal grandfather, an antique dealer who collected and sold old books, and her paternal grandmother, Dr. Louise Carpenter Gloeckner, who was a physician in Philadelphia and was the first woman to be elected vice president of the American Medical Association.
- 2000: Inkpot Award
- 2008: Guggenheim fellowship working on research for a graphic novel about families living in Ciudad Juárez; project inspired by experiences in Ciudad Juarez while researching her story in the 2008 book, I Live Here
- 2015-2016: Faculty Fellow in the University of Michigan Institute for the Humanities working on “The Return of Maldoror”
Works and publications
- Gloeckner, Phoebe, and Robert Crumb (introduction). A Child's Life and Other Stories. Berkeley, CA: Frog ((imprint of North Atlantic Books), 1998. ISBN 978-1-883-31971-7 OCLC 440624684 Revised edition, 2000. ISBN 978-1-583-94028-0 OCLC 43954012
- Gloeckner, Phoebe. Diary of a Teenage Girl: An Account in Words and Pictures. Berkeley, Calif: Frog (imprint of North Atlantic Books), 2002. ISBN 978-1-583-94080-8 OCLC 41315413 Revised edition, 2015. ISBN 978-1-623-17034-9 OCLC 905685506
As Contributing Author/Artist
- "RE/Search" tabloid zine #2 and #3. San Francisco: RE/Search Publications, 1980-81.
- Kirshner, Mia, Mike Simons, and Paul Shoebridge. "I Live Here." NY: Pantheon Graphic Novels, 2008. ISBN 978-0375424786
- Gloeckner, Phoebe. "Autobiography : the process negates the term." Chaney, Michael A. Graphic Subjects: Critical Essays on Autobiography and Graphic Novels. Madison, Wisconsin : The University of Wisconsin Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-299-25104-8 OCLC 665064402
- Gloeckner, Phoebe, Justin Green, Aline Kominsky-Crumb and Carol Tyler. 2014. "Panel: Comics and Autobiography". Critical Inquiry. 40, no. 3: Comics & Media. The University of Chicago Press. Edited by Hillary Chute and Patrick Jagoda: Spring 2014. pp. 86–103. doi:10.1086/677333 ISSN 0093-1896 OCLC 5595984793]
- Gloeckner, Phoebe. 2014. "Valiente and Arpía". Critical Inquiry. 40, no. 3: Comics & Media. The University of Chicago Press. Edited by Hillary Chute and Patrick Jagoda: Spring 2014. pp. 182–186. doi:10.1086/677341 ISSN 0093-1896 OCLC 5595981436
- Gloeckner, Phoebe. Author Guillermo Paxton: An Interview with "El Guëro de Juárez". 2015.
- Goldenberg, Janet, and Phoebe Gloeckner. Weird Things You Can Grow. New York: Random House, 1994. ISBN 978-0-679-85298-8 OCLC 29428087
- Goldenberg, Janet, and Phoebe Gloeckner. Weird but True: A Cartoon Encyclopedia of Incredibly Strange Things. New York: HarperTrophy, 1997. ISBN 978-0-064-46190-0 OCLC 37565364
- Daly-Weir, Catherine, and Phoebe Gloeckner. The Exploding Toilet and Other Tales Too Funny to Be True. New York: HarperCollins, 1998. ISBN 978-0-064-40702-1 OCLC 39275701
- Busby, Cylin, and Phoebe Gloeckner. The Chicken-Fried Rat: Tales Too Gross to Be True. New York: HarperCollins, 1998. ISBN 978-0-064-40701-4 OCLC 39275702
- Gilson, Kristin, and Phoebe Gloeckner. The Baby-Sitter's Nightmare: Tales Too Scary to Be True. New York: HarperCollins, 1998. ISBN 978-0-064-40700-7 OCLC 39275700
- Ballard, J. G. The Atrocity Exhibition. San Francisco, CA: RE/Search Publications, 1990. ISBN 978-1-889-30703-9 OCLC 228289312
- Juno, Andrea, and V. Vale, editors. Angry Women. San Francisco, CA: RE/Search Publications, 1991. 13. ISBN 978-0-940-64224-9 OCLC 773520413 Revised edition. New York, NY: Juno Books, 1999. ISBN 978-1-890-45105-9 OCLC 44429986
- Spinrad, Paul. The RE/Search Guide to Bodily Fluids. San Francisco, CA: RE/Search Publications, 1999. ISBN 978-1-890-45104-2 OCLC 62598302
- Winks, Cathy, Anne Semans, and Cathy Winks. The Good Vibrations Guide to Sex: The Most Complete Sex Manual Ever Written. San Francisco: Cleis Press, 2002. ISBN 978-1-573-44158-2 OCLC 50613863
- The Diary of a Teenage Girl
- The Diary of a Teenage Girl: An Account in Words and Pictures
- Wimmen's Comix
- Autobiographical comics
- Orenstein, Peggy (5 August 2001). "Phoebe Gloeckner Is Creating Stories About the Dark Side of Growing Up Female". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Bengal, Rebecca (11 July 2006). "Interviews: On Cartooning - Phoebe Gloeckner". POV (TV series), PBS. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Kinsella, Bridget (19 November 2004). "Libraries Developing Guidelines For Graphic Novels". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Joiner, Whitney (15 March 2003). "Not your mother's comic book". Slate. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (27 January 2015). "Sony Pictures Classics Confirms 'Diary Of A Teenage Girl' Deal – Sundance". Deadline.com. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Webster, Andy (31 March 2010). "Theater Review: The Diary of a Teenage Girl - Me and My Hormones, Raging in the 1970s". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Groth, Gary (6 February 2011). "The Phoebe Gloeckner Interview". The Comics Journal. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
#261, published July 2004
- "Phoebe Gloeckner: Associate Professor, School of Art & Design". University of Michigan - Stamps School of Art & Design. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Gloeckner, Phoebe L A (1987). "Semiotic Analysis of Medical Illustration". University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. OCLC 21957259.
- Smith, Sue (15 September 1969). "A Woman Doctor Takes a Giant Step in the A.M.A.". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "Phoebe L Gloeckner mentioned in the record of Jakub Kalousek and Phoebe L Gloeckner". FamilySearch. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Joiner, Whitney (8 August 2015). "The Rumpus Interview with Phoebe Gloeckner". The Rumpus. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "Inkpot Awards". Comic-Con International. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- "Phoebe Gloeckner, Fellow: Awarded 2008, Field of Study: Fine Arts". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Kirshner, Mia; MacKinnon, J. B.; Shoebridge, Paul; Simons, Michael (2008). I Live Here (1st ed.). New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 978-0-375-42478-6. OCLC 756989415.
- "2015-16 Fellows: Phoebe Gloeckner". University of Michigan Institute for the Humanities. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Pekar, Harvey, and Phoebe Gloeckner. Graphic Novels A Conversation : a Panel Discussion with Harvey Pekar and Phoebe Gloeckner. University Park, Pa: Pennsylvania State University, 2007. Recorded on Feb. 22, 2007 at the Foster Auditorium, Pattee Library and Paterno Library, Penn State University. OCLC 368266902
- Lealess, Jacqueline. Making a Spectacle The Comics of Debbie Drechsler, Phoebe Gloeckner, Diane DiMassa, and Julie Doucet. Ottawa: Library and Archives Canada = Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, 2007. Thesis/dissertation. ISBN 978-0-494-15688-9 OCLC 233786256
- Chute, Hillary L. Graphic Women Life Narrative and Contemporary Comics. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-231-52157-4 OCLC 750183064
- Michael, Olga, Monica Pearl, and Michael Bibler. Pastiche and Family Strife in Contemporary American Women's Graphic Memoirs: Phoebe Gloeckner, Lynda Barry and Alison Bechdel. University of Manchester, 2014. Thesis/dissertation. OCLC 883435905
- Poharec, Lauranne. Showing the Unsayable: Trauma and Juxtaposition in Persepolis and A Child's Life and Other Stories. University of New Mexico. Dept. of Foreign Languages and Literatures, 2014. Thesis/dissertation. OCLC 908266351
- Schwartzwald, Robert, Carney, Sean, and Køhlert, Frederik Byrn. Drawing in the Margins: Identity and Subjectivity in Contemporary Autobiographical Comics. Université de Montréal, 2015. Thesis/dissertation. OCLC 910769787