|First appearance||"Something Wicca This Way Comes"|
|Last appearance||"Forever Charmed"|
|Created by||Constance M. Burge|
|Portrayed by||Alyssa Milano
Lori Rom (un-aired pilot)
|Spouse(s)||Cole Turner (ex-husband; deceased)
Dex Lawson (ex-husband)
Coop (2006 - present)
|Children||Prudence Johanna Halliwell (daughter; with Coop)
Parker Halliwell (daughter; with Coop)
Unnamed daughter (daughter; with Coop)
|Species||Charmed One, Witch, Empath|
|Grandparents||Penny Halliwell (grandmother)
Allen Halliwell (grandfather)
|Parents||Patty Halliwell (mother)
Victor Bennett (father)
|Siblings||Prue Halliwell (sister)
Piper Halliwell (sister)
Paige Matthews (half-sister)
|Other Relatives||Melinda Warren (ancestor)|
Phoebe Halliwell is a fictional character from the television series Charmed. One of the featured leads, Phoebe is introduced in the series as a witch and, more specifically, a Charmed One – one of the most powerful witches of all time. The character was portrayed by Lori Rom in the unaired pilot, and later Alyssa Milano throughout the entire series run. In 2008, AOL named Phoebe the seventh greatest witch in television history.
Phoebe starts out as the youngest and most rebellious of the Halliwell sisters, her free-spirited nature often brings conflicts and mayhem to the Halliwell Manor. However her progression as a witch helps her grow as a person, as well as a sister. Phoebe is later forced into the role of the middle sister after Prue's death and the series introduces her younger half-sister Paige Matthews. This results in her being the buffer between Piper and Paige much like Piper used to be for her and Prue. One of the recurring struggles for Phoebe is her attempt to find a career and true love while achieving her destiny of defeating the forces of evil in San Francisco. In addition to the television series, the character has also appeared in numerous expanded universe material, such as the Charmed novels and its comic book continuation.
Phoebe enters the series as the youngest Halliwell sister. Phoebe was first portrayed by Lori Rom in the unaired pilot, which the role was later given and portrayed by Alyssa Milano in all of the show's aired 178 episodes. At the start of season one (1998–1999), six months have passed since the death of her Grams, Penelope Halliwell (née Johnson) (Jennifer Rhodes), a jobless Phoebe returns from New York City and moves back into her family's Victorian Manor with her two sisters Prue (Shannen Doherty) and Piper Halliwell (Holly Marie Combs). On the night of Phoebe's return, she finds a book called the Book of Shadows within the Manor's attic. After Phoebe unknowingly recites aloud what turns out to be an incantation from the book, the three sisters each receive a magical power and discover their destiny as The Charmed Ones – the most powerful good witches the world has ever known. Phoebe obtains the power to "see the future" which contrasts with her known reckless persona. Because of her free-spirited nature Phoebe often creates conflicts into the Halliwell Manor. More often with her eldest sister Prue during the first season of the series — this is especially so in regards to their witchcraft. Initially drawn apart due to Prue's speculation of Phoebe being the cause of her failed engagement to Roger (Matthew Ashford), the two sisters mend their relationship over the course of season one.
In season two (1999–2000), Phoebe is seen re-entering college and majoring in psychology. She continues to embrace her destiny as a witch and is noted by her sisters as being the best at writing new spells. In the absence of an active power, Phoebe becomes progressively adept at martial arts in order to better fight demons and warlocks. Throughout the season, Phoebe struggles to open herself up to love and attempts to find a love interest who can live up to her "ideal guy" as portrayed in her favorite in-verse movie, Kill It Before It Dies by the character Billy (Chris Payne Gilbert). In the show's third season (2000–2001), Phoebe develops the active power of Levitation and enters a relationship with Cole Turner (Julian McMahon), who is actually the demon mercenary Belthazor that has been hired to kill The Charmed Ones. Upon this discovery Phoebe struggles between her loyalty to her sisters and her love for Cole. After a tumultuous love affair, often deterred due to Cole's frequent struggle between good and evil, and still managing to graduate from college In the season three finale "All Hell Breaks Loose", Phoebe ventures into The Underworld to save Cole from his dark side and unwittingly becomes a pawn to The Source while her sisters face dire consequences in the world above. The world being exposed to magic and her sisters' as witches, results in Piper's catastrophic death in the arms of Prue, and Phoebe unable to help them. In order to save her sisters' lives, Prue orders Leo to find Phoebe and pass on a deal to the Source to turn back time. This would reset the exposure of magic and save Piper's life. The Source agrees, knowing that he plans to double cross her in the end as Phoebe will be immune to the time reset while in the Underworld. In the end she will not be able to warn her sisters of the assassin attack and he will kill her himself.
The opening episode of the fourth season (2001–2002), "Charmed Again (Part 1)", reveals that Phoebe was rescued from the Underworld by her Whitelighter Leo Wyatt (Brian Krause) and her boyfriend Cole. However because of this they arrived too late and were only able to heal Piper of her injuries. Prue's injuries from Shax were too severe and was unable to be saved. Later in the episode, while attending Prue's funeral, Phoebe meets Paige Matthews (Rose McGowan) and receives a premonition of the woman being attacked by the same demon that killed Prue. This incident leads to Phoebe and Piper discovering that Paige is their younger half-sister. By the end of the season premiere, Paige helps to restore the Power of Three and vanquish Prue's murderer Shax. During this season, Phoebe finds herself forced into the role of the "middle sister" as she attempts to play mediator between Piper and Paige, much like Piper was once for her and Prue. Alongside continuing her Charmed role, Phoebe receives a marriage proposal from Cole, accepting after he becomes stripped of his demon half. Phoebe eventually pens the spell to vanquish the Source, whom escapes a final vanquish by possessing the now human Cole. For the remainder of the season, Phoebe plans to marry Cole unaware that he has become the new Source of All Evil and ruler of The Underworld. After being tricked by Cole and The Seer (Debbie Morgan) into participating in a dark marriage ceremony, Phoebe lands a job as an advice columnist for the newspaper The Bay Mirror. Soon after she discovers that she is pregnant and subsequently chooses to join Cole as his queen in The Underworld.
As season four draws to a close, Phoebe is forced to choose between her husband and her sisters. She mournfully sides with her sisters to vanquish Cole. Later, her unborn child is magically stolen by The Seer who claims that the child is rightfully hers. About to be sacrificed as human offerings during The Seer's coronation as the new Source, Phoebe and her sisters tap into "The Power of Three" and vanquish The Seer and the entire Underworld council. In the season finale, the Angel of Destiny (Dakin Matthews) visits and gives the sisters an offer to live a normal life without magical powers or the threat of demons. After some contemplation Phoebe declines alongside her sisters, but the Angel of Destiny is not done with the sisters' and makes hints about Piper's pregnancy, which only Phoebe takes the hint and announces it. For season five (2002–2003), Phoebe attempts to live a life without Cole where she can focus on her career. This plan is stunted when a resurrected Cole returns to San Francisco eager to reconcile with Phoebe. After a series of attempts to win back Phoebe's affections, even trying to seduce her to evil once again, Cole is vanquished in the 100th episode of the series, "Centennial Charmed". Later in the season, Phoebe helps to deliver Piper and Leo's first child, Wyatt Matthew Halliwell. Soon after she begins a romantic relationship with her new boss, multi-millionaire Jason Dean (Eric Dane).
In season six (2003–2004), Phoebe continues her relationship with Jason and also sees her magical abilities grow to include the power of Empathy. Phoebe eventually becomes more serious with Jason, moving with him to Hong Kong, China. After a year of dating, Jason discovers Phoebe's secret identity as a witch by accident and unable to handle the revelation breaks up with her. Phoebe subsequently moves back to San Francisco and into the Manor. In the episode, "The Legend of Sleepy Halliwell" Phoebe experiences a vision quest and not only discovers that her new time-traveling Whitelighter(Chris Perry) (Drew Fuller) is actually Chris Halliwell and the second child of Piper and Leo, but that she is also destined to have a child of her own. This puts Phoebe on a selfish path of using her psychic powers to find the father of her child and dump her Charmed duties onto her sisters. Because of her actions, Phoebe is stripped of her powers of Premonition, Levitation, and Empathy by a Tribunal Council made up of both high-powered demons and Elders. In the sixth season finale, the sisters, Leo and Chris discover that a powerful Elder named Gideon (Gildart Jackson) wishes to destroy the Twice-Blessed Wyatt, an act which causes Wyatt to turn his back on good in the future.
At the start of season seven (2004–2005), Phoebe is still stripped of her powers. She begins to feel disconnected from her audience and takes a sabbatical from work and is temporarily replaced by a ghost-writer Leslie St. Claire (Nick Lachey). Phoebe and Leslie enter a brief romance, but it doesn't last as Leslie eventually moves to Los Angeles. In the fifth episode of the season, "Styx Feet Under", Phoebe regains her power of Premonitions. In mid-season, in the hopes of having a demon-free life, Phoebe and her sisters join forces with The Avatars, powerful beings who are neither good nor evil, in their plan to turn the world into a utopia. Phoebe is the first of the sisters to regret this when her Premonition powers show her how much the world has been robbed of its free will. The Charmed Ones team up with an upper-level demon, Zankou (Oded Fehr) to defeat The Avatars. However, Zankou then turns on the sisters becoming their adversary for the remainder of the season. During this season Cole, while stuck in Limbo, arranges for the good-natured demon Drake De'mon (Billy Zane) to enter Phoebe's life and keep her from giving up on love. In the season seven finale, during a suicide mission to vanquish Zankou, Phoebe and her sisters fake their deaths in order to escape the constant threat of demon attacks as well as police and government investigations.
For the eighth and final season (2005–2006), Phoebe takes on the false identity of Julie Bennett (Monica Allgeier) and begins a relationship with an artist named Dex Lawson (Jason Lewis). While under the influence of a spell cast by the prodigy of the Charmed Ones, Billie Jenkins (Kaley Cuoco), Phoebe marries Dex under the alias of Julie. Unsure if she could ever have a lasting marriage with someone she isn't completely honest with, Phoebe reveals the truth of her hidden identity to Dex. The pair eventually agree to get an annulment. When Phoebe discovers that Billie and her sister, Christy Jenkins (Marnette Patterson) are the ultimate power The Charmed Ones must defeat to save Leo from the Angel of Death (Simon Templeman), she has reservations because the women are human and not demons. In the end, Phoebe willing participates in the ultimate battle between The Charmed Ones and the Jenkins sisters. In the series finale, it is revealed that Phoebe falls in love with and marries a cupid named Coop (Victor Webster), who was initially sent by The Elders to help Phoebe find love again. Their marriage will produce three children, all daughters. Phoebe also becomes a successful author, writing a self-help book on finding love.
As one of the central characters throughout the entire series, Phoebe appears in the majority of Charmed literature. These appearances first began in the series of novels. The novels follow no strict continuity with the series or each other, and are often considered to be non-canon. However, the television series producers have final approval of everything in the novels, which could indicate the literature fitting into the established canon of the series and the so-called "Charmed universe". Phoebe's first appearance in Charmed literature takes place within the novel The Power of Three by Eliza Willard on November 1, 1999, which acts as a novelised version of the series premiere episode. Her last appearance in a Charmed novel takes place within Trickery Treat by Diana G. Gallagher on January 1, 2008.
In 2010, Charmed gained an officially licensed continuation in the form of a comic book, which is often billed as Charmed: Season 9. The series is published monthly by Zenescope Entertainment. Set eighteen-months after the series finale, the sisters are seen living happy demon free lives and have each entered into motherhood. Phoebe has had her first daughter with her husband Coop, who is named Prudence Johnna and nicknamed P.J. by Grams. Phoebe is also seen preparing to return to work as an advice columnist for The Bay Mirror. In the second issue of the comic, Phoebe regains her previously stripped powers of Levitation and Empathy. In Issue #6 of the comic, Morality Bites Back, Phoebe learns that she used Advanced Empathy to murder Cal Greene in a previously visited future of February 26, 2009 by reflecting his emotions back onto him which caused his brain to overload.
Powers and abilities
In Charmed it is revealed that magical witches can develop and master a variety of magical skills and powers which include; scrying, spell casting, and brewing potent potions. As a magical witch Phoebe can utilize scrying, a divination art form that allows one to locate a missing object or person. Phoebe can also cast spells, often written in iambic pentameter or as a rhyming couplet, to influence others or the world around her. She can also brew potions, most often used to vanquish foes or to achieve other magical feats similar to the effects of a spell. As a witch and Charmed One, Phoebe has also developed a number of magical powers which include Premonitions, Levitation, Empathy and Pathokinesis.
When Phoebe first comes into her powers, the first power she develops is the ability to see the future in the form of premonitions. Premonitions are considered to be a passive power. She triggers this power when she touches or is in the presence of something that is related to the subject of her premonitions, making them a form of psychometry. This originally only encompassed precognition, to see the future, but grew to include retrocognition, to see the past, as well. This power was initially uncontrollable, but in later seasons she learns to summon premonitions at will. While her premonitions are initially shown as black and white in the show, it is mentioned several times that Phoebe experiences them in color. As her power grows, her premonitions become more vivid to where they become slightly colored and she can hear and feel what is taking place. Phoebe's premonition powers also allow her visions to reveal the truth. For instance, in the season one finale, "Deja Vu All Over Again", when the world is caught within a recurring time loop by the time sorcerer Tempus (David Carradine) Phoebe is able to realize that the same day is repeating over and over again because of her premonition powers.
By season five, her power evolves to enable her to experience aspects of astral projection allowing her to interact with the environment of her premonitions. This aspect of her power is highlighted in the season five episodes, "The Eyes Have It" and "Sand Francisco Dreamin'" as well as the season eight episode "Hulkus Pocus". Her premonition powers also evolve to allow Phoebe to anticipate the actions of others as in many instances Phoebe has sidestepped and jumped out the way of incoming fireballs and energy balls with perfect timing. Examples of this can be seen in the season seven episodes "Freaky Phoebe" where Phoebe is able to sense a demon who is behind her with a pair of scissors, and in the episode "Ordinary Witches", where Ronnie (Brian Howe), a cab driver Phoebe loses her powers to, is able to sense when and where the next fireball of a demon is going to be launched using her power of premonitions. Phoebe also develops the power to trigger a vision in someone else with similar powers, "sharing" visions with Elders and knowing how to trigger a specific "trap" premonition in the evil witch Mitzy (Jenny McCarthy), who has temporary possession of her powers. Kira (Charisma Carpenter), a powerful demonic seer, tells Phoebe her powers were once limited to psychometry but they grew, like Phoebe's will in time.
At the start of season three, in the episode "The Honeymoon's Over", Phoebe obtains her first active power in the form of levitation, the power to defy gravity and float in the air. This power is uncontrollable when she first obtains it, but she later learns to maintain complete control over it. When new to her power, Phoebe is unable to move horizontally, and in the season three episode "Once Upon a Time", Prue uses telekinesis to guide Phoebe across a cavern while she is levitating. Later in the series, Phoebe often mixes her martial arts and kick boxing with her levitating power to knock out her enemies. In season four, the power advances so that Phoebe is able to glide short distances while levitating and she even learns to use her power to walk on walls. During the fifth season, she is able to propel herself while levitating, as seen when she propels herself through a ventilation duct with her levitation powers in the episode "The Importance of Being Phoebe". In the season six episode, "Forget Me... Not", Phoebe showcases a form of projective levitation, when she levitates herself and a weatherman. Phoebe displays projective levitation again in the episode "Love's a Witch" when she levitates the pillow she is sitting on along with her.
In the Charmed comics, specifically in Issue #16,The Heavens Can Wait, her power has been shown to have grown stronger, allowing Phoebe to levitate Paige's Orb-Shield which contained herself, her two sisters and Leo. While inside the Nexus of The All, Phoebe became able to use her power to its full potential, allowing her to not only fly but also to carry Piper and Paige with ease. Later, Prue tells Phoebe that her power will advance to this stage naturally at some point in the future.
Season six sees Phoebe develop the power of empathy, the power to sense and experience the emotions of others. Being an empath allows Phoebe to directly channel the emotions of those around her. This initially causes considerable problems, as after encountering the emotions of others Phoebe would sometimes act on their whims or amplify and broadcast her own feelings, such as once triggering a fight in the Bay Mirror offices by accident (Although this could have unintended advantages; when the Halliwells were attacked by a demon that trapped them in their ideal worlds, Phoebe quickly realized something was wrong because her empathy powers caused her to tap into her boyfriend's desire for her to be a large-scale success where Phoebe was content being a local celebrity). In the Charmed series, magical powers are tied to the user's emotions, and because Phoebe can feel the emotions of others, her empathy allows her to sometimes tap into other characters' magical powers. This is first seen in the second half of the two-part season six premiere, "Valhalley of the Dolls (Part 2)". When a Valkyrie-turned-Piper attacks Phoebe, she channels Piper's telekinetic Valkyrie powers to where she can use them herself. This channeling of Valkyrie Piper's powers, also made her powers, when used against Phoebe, ineffective. In later episodes, Phoebe also uses empathy to deflect energy balls and fireballs, causing them to backfire on their users. The spin-off comic series revealed that her empathy allowed her to kill a man in the future seen in "Morality Bites", as she used her empathy to channel his negative emotions back on her and destroy his brain.
In the season two episode, "Morality Bites", when the sisters travel to the future, it is revealed that Phoebe uses a magical power to kill a man named Cal Greene out of revenge. In the Charmed comics, Issue #6 Morality Bites Back, Phoebe learns that this power is an advanced form of empathy, which is called "Pathokinesis". Phoebe discovers that her empathy powers grow to allow her to incapacitate or even kill another person. In the comics, Phoebe realizes that she murders Cal Greene by reflecting his emotions back onto him, flooding his mind with painful emotions and memories of the women he had hurt, which causes his brain to overload.
Early in the series, Phoebe is revealed to be a skilled pick-pocket; having picked up the technique during her rebellious teen years. Also, to make up for initially only having a passive power, Phoebe takes classes in self-defense. She gradually becomes the most effective hand-to-hand fighter out of all the four sisters due to her martial arts training. Her skills in hand-to-hand combat advanced to the point where Phoebe has been capable of beating multiple adversaries, most notably demonic wrestlers, Furies and vampires.
Casting and development
In 1998, the Warner Brothers Television Network began searching for a drama series, and looked to Spelling Television, which had produced the network's most successful series 7th Heaven, to create it. Expanding on the popularity of supernatural-themed dramas, the production company explored forms of mythology to find mythological characters they could focus on with contemporary storytelling. In order to create the series, Constance M. Burge was hired as the creator as she was under contract with 20th Century Fox and Spelling Television after conceiving the drama Savannah.
The character of Phoebe Halliwell was conceived by Burge, who wrote the pilot script for Charmed. The pilot script was based around three mismatched sisters who are initially based on Burge and her two older sisters, Laura and Edie Burge. Phoebe is based on Burge herself. On creating the Halliwell sisters, Burge states "Phoebe was honestly the easiest. It just grew from within." Executive Producer Brad Kern claims Phoebe is written into the series as the classic younger sibling and states that at the start of series Phoebe is "trying to find her own identity by living life large and not really having a care in the world."
When the series was in its first development stages, actress Lori Rom was cast in the role of Phoebe. Rom played the role in a 28-minute test pilot (the "unaired pilot", never aired on network television) with which the series was picked up by The WB. Rom later pulled out from the series before a 45-minute version of the pilot could be filmed for proper network television, leaving the role of Phoebe vacant. TV producer Aaron Spelling then turned to actress Alyssa Milano, who was previously cast in another television series produced by Spelling Television, Melrose Place. While Milano was in Hawaii shooting an episode for Fantasy Island, Spelling phoned Milano and asked her to consider joining the series. After receiving a copy of the original pilot and the script, five days later Milano began shooting the re-shot pilot episode.
During the run of the series and her life as a Charmed One, Phoebe died nine times, including both times she died and time was reset in the first season.
|Episode||Episode Name||Cause of Death||Revival|
|1x22||Déjà Vu All Over Again||Killed by an energy ball thrown by a demon twice.||Time was reset both times.|
|2x02||Morality Bites||Burned at the stake as punishment for murder.||Sent back in time, as she had learned her lesson.|
|5x08||A Witch in Time||Killed by a fire ball thrown by a warlock.||Piper, with the help of Leo, went back in time to save her.|
|6x08||Sword and the City||Killed by lightning bolts fired by a demon.||Leo healed her before her soul crossed over.|
|6x15||I Dream of Phoebe||An evil genie wished for her death.||Since the evil genie wished for the Charmed Ones to die, but not individually, when Piper called out to Leo when she was crossing over, he healed her. And since the Charmed Ones were bound together, Phoebe's and Paige's souls couldn't cross over because of this.|
|7x07||Someone to Witch Over Me||Killed by a Celerity Demon.||Leo revived her after he became an Avatar.|
|7x19||Freaky Phoebe||Killed by Imara while inside the sorceress, Imara's body, and Imara in her (Phoebe) body.||Brought back from the ghostly plane with a spell.|
|8x21||Kill Billie Vol. 2||Killed after the manor exploded.||Piper and Leo, with the help of Coop's ring, went back in time to save her.|
- TV Squad Staff (2008-10-20). "Top TV Witches". AOL. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
- "Charmed: Something Wicca This Way Comes". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Awakened". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Murphy's Luck". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Heartbreak City". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Chick Flick". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Honeymoon's Over". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Magic Hour". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Sleuthing With the Enemy". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Demon Who Came in from the Cold". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: All Hell Breaks Loose". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Charmed Again (Part 1)". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Hell Hath No Furies". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Black as Cole". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: A Paige from the Past". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Charmed and Dangerous". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Marry-Go-Round". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Fifth Halliwell". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: We're Off to See the Wizard". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Long Live the Queen". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Womb Raider". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Witch Way Now?". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: A Witch's Tail (Part 1)". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Happily Ever After". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Witches in Tights". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Y Tu Mummy Tambien". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Importance of Being Phoebe". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Centennial Charmed". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Day The Magic Died". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Lucky Charmed". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Valhalley of the Dolls (Part 1)". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Chris-Crossed". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Used Karma". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Legend of Sleepy Halliwell". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Crimes and Witch Demeanors". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: It's a, Bad, Bad, Bad, Bad World (Part 2)". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: A Call To Arms". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Styx Feet Under". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Once in a Blue Moon". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Extreme Makeover: World Edition". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Charmageddon". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Seven Year Witch". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Something Wicca This Way Goes...?". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Still Charmed & Kicking". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Rewitched". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Torn Identity". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Kill Billie: Vol. 2". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Forever Charmed". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Haag, Andrea V., "Interview with Diana G. Gallagher", CharmedOnes.com (fansite), February 2002
- The name of the Charmed expanded universe, "Charmed universe", is used by both fans and in published material, such as Charmed Magazine and its official website
- Reisinger, Adam. "Charmed Comic Review, Issue #1". http://www.adamreisinger.com/. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Reisinger, Adam. "Charmed Comic Review, Issue #5: Unnatural Resources". http://www.adamreisinger.com/. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Reisinger, Adam. "Charmed Comic Review, Issue #2". http://www.adamreisinger.com/. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Reisinger, Adam. "Charmed Comic Review, Issue #6: Morality Bites Back". http://www.adamreisinger.com/. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: That Old Black Magic". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Witch Is Back". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Spin City". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Truth Is Out There... and It Hurts". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Deja Vu All Over Again". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Eyes Have It". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Sand Francisco Dreamin'". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Hulkus Pocus". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Freaky Phoebe'". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Ordinary Witches". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Witchness Protection". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Power of Three... Blondes". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Once Upon a Time". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Forget Me...Not". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Love's a Witch". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Phoebe revealed that her power has indeed grown stronger in the Charmed Season 9 comic book issue The Heavens Can Wait.
- Phoebe displays the power of flight in the Charmed Season 9 comic book issue The Power of 300.
- "Charmed: Valhalley of the Dolls (Part 2)". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Soul Survivor". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Morality Bites". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: The Painted World". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Which Prue Is It, Anyway?". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Ms. Hellfire". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Wrestling With Demons". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Charmed: Bite Me". TV.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- "Genesis" Documentary, Charmed: The Complete Final Season Region 1 DVD
- "E! Special: The Women of Charmed Transcript". E! Special: The Women of Charmed. Charmed Scripts (fansite). Retrieved 16 September 2011.