Phoenix Fire Office

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Phoenix Assurance or Phoenix Fire Office was a fire insurance company founded in 1680 in England.[1]

The history of the company includes the nostalga of red-coated attendants clattering to the fires of London on horse-drawn tenders.[2]

The Phoenix figured in Case Law. In 1796, the company refused to pay damages awarded of £3,000 (2011: £240,000) following a 1792 fire at a house in Tavistock Street, London. Phoenix claimed that the owners had failed to obtain a Certificate from the ministers and churchwardens of the parish affirming the good character of the victims. Phoenix issued a Writ of Error to appeal the original decision.[3]

Sun Alliance & London acquired Phoenix Assurance in 1984.


  1. ^ The Times, 27 June 1785 Category: Classified Advertising
  2. ^ Clive Aslet, The Times, 10 September 1983, Picturing the past frame by frame
  3. ^ The Times, 8 June 1796; Law Report. Court Of King's Bench, June 7., Phoenix Fire Office