This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2009)
|Length||7,261 yards (6,639 m)|
|Organized by||The Thunderbirds|
|Tournament record score|
|Aggregate||256 Mark Calcavecchia (2001)|
256 Phil Mickelson (2013)
|To par||−28 as above|
The Phoenix Open (branded as the WM Phoenix Open for sponsorship reasons) is a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour, held in late January/early February at TPC Scottsdale in Scottsdale, Arizona.
The tournament was originally the Arizona Open, but was known for most of its history as the Phoenix Open until the investment bank Friedman Billings Ramsey became the title sponsor in October 2003, and it was known as the FBR Open for the next six editions. Waste Management, Inc. began its sponsorship in 2010.
The event's relaxed atmosphere, raucous by the standards of professional golf, has earned it the nickname "The Greatest Show on Grass" and made it one of the most popular events on the PGA Tour calendar.
The Phoenix Open began 91 years ago in 1932 but was discontinued after the 1935 tournament. The rebirth of the Phoenix Open came in 1939 when Bob Goldwater Sr. convinced fellow Thunderbirds to help run the event. The Thunderbirds, a prominent civic organization in Phoenix, were not as enthusiastic about running the event as he was, leaving Goldwater Sr. to do most of the work in getting a golf open started.
The event was played at the Phoenix Country Club in Phoenix (33°29′N 112°04′W / 33.48°N 112.06°W), both in its earlier incarnations and after Goldwater resuscitated it. Beginning in 1955, the Arizona Country Club (also in Phoenix) (33°29′N 111°58′W / 33.49°N 111.96°W), alternated as event host with Phoenix Country Club; this arrangement lasted until Phoenix Country Club took The Arizona Country Club's turn in 1975 and became the event's permanent home again.
The tournament moved 36 years ago in 1987 to its current home, the Stadium Course at TPC Scottsdale, northeast of downtown Phoenix. The approximate average elevation of the course is 1,530 feet (465 m) above sea level.
The purse was $8.2 million in 2022, then increased over 140% to $20 million for 2023, with a winner's share of $3.6 million.
The five-day attendance of the tournament is usually around a half million, the best-attended event in golf. In 2016, it set a PGA Tour and Phoenix Open single day attendance record with 201,003 fans in attendance on Saturday, February 6 and set a tournament week attendance record of 618,365 fans.
The most popular location for spectators is the par-3 16th hole, nicknamed "The Coliseum." (33°38′N 111°55′W / 33.64°N 111.91°W) One of the shortest holes on tour at 162 yards (148 m), it is enclosed by a temporary 20,000-seat grandstand. The hole could be described as "one big party," with many students from the nearby Arizona State University in Tempe in attendance. Poor shots at the 16th hole receive boos, because the hole is very easy by the PGA's standards. Good shots, however, are cheered loudly. Players who make holes in one at the 16th will cause the gallery to erupt, leading to beverages and other objects being tossed in celebrations; Tiger Woods (1997), Jarrod Lyle (2011), and Sam Ryder (2022) have each aced the hole on Saturday, creating raucous celebrations at the hole. The anger of a poor shot can lead to tempers flaring, as Justin Leonard gave obscene gestures to the gallery after a poor shot one year. After 2013, the PGA Tour banned the practice of caddies racing the 150 yards (140 m) from the tee box to the green, citing injury concerns.
Former Arizona State players are very popular at the Phoenix Open, with many often wearing a Pat Tillman jersey when entering the 16th hole stadium. Phil Mickelson and Jon Rahm are popular there for that reason. In addition to the golf, there is a concert/party held in the Scottsdale area called the Birds Nest, at which music artists like Huey Lewis and the News play.
The Thunderbirds are still highly active in the organization of the tournament. Portions of the proceeds are used by the Thunderbirds to fund Special Olympics activities in Phoenix.
Conflicts with the Super Bowl
Since 1973, the Phoenix Open has been played on the weekend of the Super Bowl. In 1976, coverage of the tournament's final round was joined in progress immediately after CBS's coverage of Super Bowl X. In 1996, it was played Wednesday through Saturday, as Super Bowl XXX was held at Sun Devil Stadium in nearby Tempe. In 2009, the tournament overlapped with Super Bowl XLIII in Tampa, Florida, when Kenny Perry and Charley Hoffman went to a playoff. That denied the spectators a chance to watch the beginning of the game on NBC, which featured the local Arizona Cardinals.
Because of the Super Bowl weekend status, the PGA Tour's television contracts with CBS and NBC include an alternating tournament. Usually a CBS tournament, the Phoenix Open airs on NBC when CBS has the Super Bowl, and NBC's Honda Classic aired on CBS during the 2018 Winter Olympics.
The tournament's lowest 72-hole score was set by Mark Calcavecchia in 2001 with 256 (–28), which was matched by Mickelson in 2013. In the second round Calcavecchia scored a 60 (–11), which equalled the lowest score at the Phoenix Open (by Grant Waite in 1996) and subsequently matched by Mickelson in 2005 and 2013. Calcavecchia had 32 birdies in the tournament, which was also an all-time record.
There have been only two double eagles in the history of the Phoenix Open. Tom Pernice Jr. made the first one on the 558-yard (510 m) par-5 15th hole in 1990. Andrew Magee scored the second on the 332-yard (304 m) par-4 17th hole in 2001, and was the first-ever ace on a par-4 in PGA Tour history.
|Year||Winner||Score||To par||Margin of
|WM Phoenix Open|
|2023||Scottie Scheffler (2)||265||−19||2 strokes||Nick Taylor||20,000,000||3,600,000|
|2022||Scottie Scheffler||268||−16||Playoff||Patrick Cantlay||8,200,000||1,476,000|
|Waste Management Phoenix Open|
|2021||Brooks Koepka (2)||265||−19||1 stroke|| Lee Kyoung-hoon
|2020||Webb Simpson||267||−17||Playoff||Tony Finau||7,300,000||1,314,000|
|2019||Rickie Fowler||267||−17||2 strokes||Branden Grace||7,100,000||1,278,000|
|2018||Gary Woodland||266||−18||Playoff||Chez Reavie||6,900,000||1,242,000|
|2017||Hideki Matsuyama (2)||267||−17||Playoff||Webb Simpson||6,700,000||1,206,000|
|2016||Hideki Matsuyama||270||−14||Playoff||Rickie Fowler||6,500,000||1,170,000|
|2015||Brooks Koepka||269||−15||1 stroke|| Hideki Matsuyama
|2014||Kevin Stadler||268||−16||1 stroke|| Graham DeLaet
|2013||Phil Mickelson (3)||256||−28||4 strokes||Brandt Snedeker||6,200,000||1,116,000|
|2012||Kyle Stanley||269||−15||1 stroke||Ben Crane||6,100,000||1,098,000|
|2011||Mark Wilson||266||−18||Playoff||Jason Dufner||6,100,000||1,098,000|
|2010||Hunter Mahan||268||−16||1 stroke||Rickie Fowler||6,000,000||1,080,000|
|2009||Kenny Perry||270||−14||Playoff||Charley Hoffman||6,000,000||1,080,000|
|2008||J. B. Holmes (2)||270||−14||Playoff||Phil Mickelson||6,000,000||1,080,000|
|2007||Aaron Baddeley||263||−21||1 stroke||John Rollins||6,000,000||1,080,000|
|2006||J. B. Holmes||263||−21||7 strokes|| J. J. Henry
|2005||Phil Mickelson (2)||267||−17||5 strokes|| Scott McCarron
|2004||Jonathan Kaye||266||−18||2 strokes||Chris DiMarco||5,200,000||936,000|
|2003||Vijay Singh (2)||261||−23||3 strokes||John Huston||4,000,000||720,000|
|2002||Chris DiMarco||267||−17||1 stroke|| Kenny Perry
|2001||Mark Calcavecchia (3)||256||−28||8 strokes||Rocco Mediate||4,000,000||720,000|
|2000||Tom Lehman||270||−14||1 stroke|| Robert Allenby
|1999||Rocco Mediate||273||−11||2 strokes||Justin Leonard||3,000,000||540,000|
|1998||Jesper Parnevik||269||−15||3 strokes|| Tommy Armour III
|1997||Steve Jones||258||−26||11 strokes||Jesper Parnevik||1,500,000||270,000|
|1996||Phil Mickelson||269||−15||Playoff||Justin Leonard||1,300,000||234,000|
|1995||Vijay Singh||269||−15||Playoff||Billy Mayfair||1,300,000||234,000|
|1994||Bill Glasson||268||−16||3 strokes||Bob Estes||1,200,000||216,000|
|1993||Lee Janzen||273||−11||2 strokes||Andrew Magee||1,000,000||180,000|
|1992||Mark Calcavecchia (2)||264||−20||5 strokes||Duffy Waldorf||1,000,000||180,000|
|1991||Nolan Henke||268||−16||1 stroke|| Gil Morgan
|1990||Tommy Armour III||267||−17||5 strokes||Jim Thorpe||900,000||162,000|
|1989||Mark Calcavecchia||263||−21||7 strokes||Chip Beck||700,000||126,000|
|1988||Sandy Lyle||269||−15||Playoff||Fred Couples||650,000||117,000|
|1987||Paul Azinger||268||−16||1 stroke||Hal Sutton||600,000||108,000|
|1986||Hal Sutton||267||−17||2 strokes|| Calvin Peete
|1985||Calvin Peete||270||−14||2 strokes|| Morris Hatalsky
|1984||Tom Purtzer||268||−16||1 stroke||Corey Pavin||400,000||72,000|
|1983||Bob Gilder (2)||271||−13||Playoff|| Rex Caldwell
|1982||Lanny Wadkins||263||−21||6 strokes||Jerry Pate||300,000||54,000|
|1981||David Graham||268||−16||1 stroke||Lon Hinkle||300,000||54,000|
|1980||Jeff Mitchell||272||−12||4 strokes||Rik Massengale||300,000||54,000|
|1979||Ben Crenshaw||199[a]||−14||1 stroke||Jay Haas||250,000||33,750|
|1978||Miller Barber||272||−12||1 stroke|| Jerry Pate
|1977||Jerry Pate||277||−7||Playoff||Dave Stockton||200,000||40,000|
|1976||Bob Gilder||268||−16||2 strokes||Roger Maltbie||200,000||40,000|
|1975||Johnny Miller (2)||260||−24||14 strokes||Jerry Heard||150,000||30,000|
|1974||Johnny Miller||271||−13||1 stroke||Lanny Wadkins||150,000||30,000|
|1973||Bruce Crampton||268||−12||1 stroke|| Steve Melnyk
|1972||Homero Blancas||273||−11||Playoff||Lanny Wadkins||125,000||25,000|
|Phoenix Open Invitational|
|1971||Miller Barber||261||−23||2 strokes|| Billy Casper
|1970||Dale Douglass||271||−13||1 stroke|| Howie Johnson
|1969||Gene Littler (3)||263||−21||2 strokes|| Miller Barber
|1968||George Knudson||272||−12||3 strokes|| Julius Boros
|1967||Julius Boros||272||−12||1 stroke||Ken Still||70,000||14,000|
|1966||Dudley Wysong||278||−6||1 stroke||Gardner Dickinson||60,000||9,000|
|1965||Rod Funseth||274||−14||3 strokes||Bert Yancey||65,000||10,500|
|1964||Jack Nicklaus||271||−13||3 strokes||Bob Brue||50,000||7,500|
|1963||Arnold Palmer (3)||273||−15||1 stroke||Gary Player||35,000||5,300|
|1962||Arnold Palmer (2)||269||−15||12 strokes|| Billy Casper
|1961||Arnold Palmer||270||−10||Playoff||Doug Sanders||30,000||4,300|
|1960||Jack Fleck||273||−11||Playoff||Bill Collins||22,500||3,150|
|1959||Gene Littler (2)||268||−12||1 stroke||Art Wall Jr.||20,000||2,400|
|1958||Ken Venturi||274||−10||1 stroke|| Walter Burkemo
|1957||Billy Casper||271||−9||3 strokes|| Cary Middlecoff
|1956||Cary Middlecoff||276||−8||3 strokes||Mike Souchak||15,000||2,400|
|1955||Gene Littler||275||−5||1 stroke|| Billy Maxwell
|1954||Ed Furgol||272||−12||Playoff||Cary Middlecoff||10,000||2,000|
|1953||Lloyd Mangrum (2)||272||−12||6 strokes|| Johnny Bulla
|1952||Lloyd Mangrum||274||−10||5 strokes||Dutch Harrison||10,000||2,000|
|1951||Lew Worsham||272||−12||1 stroke||Lawson Little||10,000||2,000|
|Ben Hogan Open|
|1950||Jimmy Demaret (2)||269||−15||1 stroke||Sam Snead||10,000||2,000|
|1949||Jimmy Demaret||278||−6||Playoff||Ben Hogan||10,000||2,000|
|1948||Bobby Locke||268||−16||1 stroke||Jimmy Demaret||10,000||2,000|
|1947||Ben Hogan (2)||270||−14||7 strokes|| Lloyd Mangrum
|1946||Ben Hogan||273||−11||Playoff||Herman Keiser||7,500||1,500|
|1945||Byron Nelson (2)||274||−10||2 strokes||Denny Shute||5,000||1,000|
|1944||Jug McSpaden||273||−11||Playoff||Byron Nelson||5,000||1,000|
|1941–1943: No tournament|
|1940||Ed Oliver||205||−8||1 stroke||Ben Hogan||3,000||700|
|1939||Byron Nelson||198||−15||12 strokes||Ben Hogan||3,000||700|
|1936–1938: No tournament|
|1935||Ky Laffoon||281||−3||4 strokes||Craig Wood||2,500||500|
|1933||Harry Cooper||281||−3||2 strokes|| Ray Mangrum
|1932||Ralph Guldahl||285||−1||5 strokes||John Perelli||2,500||600|
Note: Green highlight indicates scoring records.
Fifteen men have won this tournament more than once.
- 3 wins
- Arnold Palmer: 1961, 1962, 1963 (consecutive)
- Gene Littler: 1955, 1959, 1969
- Mark Calcavecchia: 1989, 1992, 2001
- Phil Mickelson: 1996, 2005, 2013
- 2 wins
- Byron Nelson: 1939, 1945
- Ben Hogan: 1946, 1947 (consecutive)
- Jimmy Demaret: 1949, 1950 (consecutive)
- Lloyd Mangrum: 1952, 1953
- Johnny Miller: 1974, 1975 (consecutive)
- Miller Barber: 1971, 1978
- Bob Gilder: 1976, 1983
- Vijay Singh: 1995, 2003
- J. B. Holmes: 2006, 2008
- Hideki Matsuyama: 2016, 2017 (consecutive)
- Brooks Koepka: 2015, 2021
- Scottie Scheffler: 2022, 2023 (consecutive)
- ^ Shortened to 54 holes due to rain.
- ^ "Waste Management to sponsor Phoenix Open". PGA Tour. December 9, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- ^ "Golf". Phoenix Country Club. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
- ^ "Golf". Arizona Country Club. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
- ^ "Waste Management Phoenix Open attendance records". AZ Central. February 7, 2016.
- ^ "Jones maintains Phoenix lead; Woods records ace on No. 16". Victoria Advocate. (Texas). January 26, 1997. p. 6B.
- ^ "Watch: Sam Ryder makes an ace on 16 at WM Phoenix Open, coliseum nearly explodes and beer cans come raining down". Golfweek. February 12, 2022.
- ^ "PGA Tour Bans Popular Caddie Races at TPC Scottsdale, Colonial | Golf Channel". www.golfchannel.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-28.
- ^ "Crampton's birdie nets Phoenix win". Wilmington Morning Star. (North Carolina). Associated Press. January 15, 1973. p. 16.
- ^ "NBC's Post-Super Bowl LVI Show Will Be the Winter Olympics". ca.movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
- ^ "Mickelson grinds out another win". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. January 28, 1996. p. 3F.
- ^ Kelley, Brent. "The Amazing Story of the Only Par-4 Hole-in-One in PGA Tour History". thoughtco.com. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- ^ 2015 Waste Management Phoenix Open Media Guide – Section 14: Top Finishers 1932–2014 – at wmphoenixopen.com
- ^ Phoenix Open – Winners Archived 2014-06-01 at the Wayback Machine – at www.pgatour.com
- ^ Phoenix Open – Winners – at golfobserver.com
- ^ "Bee 'helps' Palmer win Phoenix Open". Pittsburgh Press. UPI. February 13, 1963. p. 50.
- ^ "Palmer wins Phoenix Open". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. February 13, 1963. p. 1C.
- ^ "Hogan wins Phoenix Open; trouble looms". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). United Press. January 27, 1947. p. 5.
- ^ "Ben Hogan wins Phoenix tourney". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. January 27, 1947. p. 13.
- ^ "Demaret winner of Phoenix golf". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. January 30, 1950. p. 11.
- ^ "Miller shoots 64 for 14-shot edge". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. January 13, 1975. p. 13.
- ^ "Miller maybe world's best". Deseret News. (Salt Lake City, Utah). UPI. January 13, 1975. p. 8B.