Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

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Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport Logo.svg
Sky Harbor - 2008-08-29 - Control Tower.jpg
IATA: PHXICAO: KPHXFAA LID: PHX
WMO: 72278
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Phoenix
Operator Phoenix Airport System
Serves Phoenix metropolitan area
Location Phoenix, Arizona
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 1,135 ft / 346 m
Coordinates 33°26′03″N 112°00′42″W / 33.43417°N 112.01167°W / 33.43417; -112.01167Coordinates: 33°26′03″N 112°00′42″W / 33.43417°N 112.01167°W / 33.43417; -112.01167
Website www.skyharbor.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
PHX is located in Arizona
PHX
PHX
Location within Arizona
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8/26 11,489 3,502 Concrete
7L/25R 10,300 3,139 Concrete
7R/25L 7,800 2,377 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Aircraft operations 430,461
Passenger boardings (2014) 21,012,920
Passenger volume (2014) 42,134,662
Cargo tonnage 312,832
A Qatar Airways Airbus A340 at Phoenix, bringing the Qatari Emir's family from Doha, via Zurich

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHXICAO: KPHXFAA LID: PHX) is a civil-military public airport 3 miles (5 km) southeast of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona. It is Arizona's largest and busiest airport, and among the largest commercial airports in the United States.

In 2012, the airport served 40,448,932 passengers, making it one of the top 10 busiest in the United States by passenger count. It handles more than 1,200 aircraft operations a day, 100,000 passengers and more than 800 tons of cargo. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records show the airport had 20,169,926 commercial passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2012 and 20,211,799 in 2011.

The airport serves as a domestic hub and Mexican and Hawaiian gateway for American Airlines' merger partner, US Airways, and also serves as one of the largest focus cities for Southwest Airlines.

History[edit]

Sky Harbor was the fourth airport built in Phoenix.[2] It was built with one runway in 1928 by Scenic Airways, an airline start-up which collapsed the following year after the Black Friday stock market crash. Acme Investment Company then owned the airport until 1935. During this time, American Airlines began the airport's first scheduled passenger and air mail service in 1930. The city of Phoenix purchased the airport from Acme for $100,000 in 1935, and TWA began service to San Francisco in 1938.[3]

After the war the airport began work on a new passenger terminal, as well as a new parallel runway and a diagonal runway.[4] On the February 1953 C&GS diagram runways 8L and 8R are each 6000 ft long and runway 3 is 5500 ft.

The $835,000 Terminal 1 (originally called the "West Terminal") which also had the first control tower, opened in October 1952.[4] It was torn down in 1991 and replaced by a cell phone waiting lot.

The April 1957 OAG shows 42 scheduled airline departures a day: 16 American, 11 TWA, 10 Bonanza and 5 Frontier. American began a nonstop DC-7 to New York (Idlewild) in summer 1959.

The airport's master plan was redesigned in 1959 to eliminate the cross runway to make room for new terminals.[4] American and TWA began jet service to Phoenix in 1960 and 1961 respectively, and Terminal 2 (originally called the "East Terminal") still in use today, opened in 1962.[5] Terminal 3 opened in October 1979,[4] when the "East" and "West" names were dropped, since they were no longer the only two terminals.

Bonanza Airlines moved its headquarters from Las Vegas to Phoenix in 1966. Bonanza merged with two other airlines to form Air West, which became Hughes Airwest after Howard Hughes bought it in 1970.[6]

After airline deregulation in 1978 former Hughes Airwest executive Ed Beauvais formed a plan for a new airline based in Phoenix. He founded America West Airlines in 1981, which began service from Phoenix in 1983 and doubled in size during its first year. By the end of the decade America West had a nationwide network and was lobbying for transpacific service.[6]

In the meantime Southwest Airlines arrived at Phoenix in January 1982 with thirteen daily flights to twelve cities; by 1986 it had 64 daily flights from Phoenix and had a crew base there. Southwest opened a maintenance facility at PHX in 1992 which was its largest.[7]

In October 1989 ground was broken for Terminal 4, the largest terminal.[8] It opened on November 2, 1990[9] with four concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994 the N4 International Concourse was opened, adding 10 gates and a sterile walkway to the S4 concourse. In 1997 construction began on the 14-gate N1 concourse for America West Airlines. It was completed in June 1998 at a cost of $50 million,[10] completing the expansion of the north side of the terminal. On the south side of the terminal, construction began in 2002 on the eight-gate S2 concourse for Southwest Airlines. This project was completed in 2004 and has a different architectural design from the other six concourses. The eighth and final concourse for Terminal 4 will be built when needed. Terminal 4 is named after former Arizona Senator and 1964 Presidential candidate Barry M. Goldwater. After Goldwater's death in 1998, the mayor of Phoenix proposed renaming the airport in Goldwater's memory but was deluged with public support for the familiar "Sky Harbor" name.[11]

America West filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1991 and sold its larger aircraft and Japanese route authority, but continued growing its domestic operations from Terminal 4 in cooperation with Continental Airlines. Although AWA enjoyed further growth at Phoenix during the 1990s the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks strained its financial position. AWA ended its relationship with Continental and merged with US Airways in 2005. US Airways moved its headquarters to the AWA campus in Tempe and retained many AWA managers to run the merged company.[6]

In 2007 the Transportation Security Administration introduced the first of its backscatter X-ray machines at PHX.[12]

With Phoenix having consistent winds year-round, Sky Harbor is one of the largest airports in the world to have all runways parallel.

Sky Harbor's private airplane area is also one of eight service centers for the Medevac airline Air Evac.

Control tower[edit]

The airport's current 326-foot (99-meter) tall air traffic control tower began operations on January 14, 2007. The tower stands just east of the Terminal 3 parking garage, and also houses the Phoenix TRACON. This is Sky Harbor's fourth control tower and is among the tallest control towers in North America.

Terminals[edit]

Aerial view of the new control tower in the foreground, and the old control tower in the background, with Terminal 3 in between, looking southwest.
Several US Airways planes at Concourse A – Terminal 4.
Sky Harbor's control tower with downtown Phoenix in the background with a plane landing on runway 8.
A Frontier Airlines plane lands at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.
The SPAD XIII flown by Arizona native Frank Luke, Jr., the first aviator awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration in the United States, in World War I. It is on display in Terminal 3.

The airport has over 120 aircraft gates in three Terminals (2, 3, 4). The airport administration states that the designation Terminal 1 has been "retired", and that it did not wish to renumber the other terminals since passengers were already familiar with the numbers in place. Free wireless internet access is available in all terminals.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 has 9 gates (numbered inconsecutively 1–13 and two additional lettered gates C & D) and three parking slots. It was designed by the Phoenix architectural firms of Weaver & Drover and Lescher & Mahoney and opened in 1962.[13] This terminal includes a mural by French-American artist Paul Coze. In November 2006, a Military and Veterans Hospitality Room, sponsored by the Phoenix Military and Veterans Commission, was opened in Terminal 2. It has since relocated to Terminal 4 as the new USO. This terminal has undergone two renovation projects. The first was completed in 1988.[14] The second project, which cost $24 million and was designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., was completed in 2007.[15]

Terminal 2 is expected to close after the completion of the Terminal 3 South Concourse expansion.[16] The Terminal 3 South Concourse expansion will add nine additional gates to the concourse, fully replacing Terminal 2.

Terminal 3[edit]

The 880,000-square-foot (82,000 m2), $35 million Terminal 3, designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., broke ground in January 1977 and opened in October 1979 and has 17 gates, separated into two concourses by a central building outside of security.[5][13] The south concourse houses gates 2–9 and the north concourse houses gates 15–26. The terminal was remodeled in 1997.[17] Its only lounge – Delta's Crown Room Club – was closed on April 30, 2008.

A future three-part construction and renovation project will combine Terminal 2 and Terminal 3, and update the facilities. Part One will expand security checkpoints on both sides of Terminal 3. Part Two will provide additional concession space for Terminal 3 North, expand the curbside area, and separate ticketing and baggage claim, moving ticketing to the second level of the terminal while expanding the baggage claim on the first level. Part Three will be a brand new Terminal 3 South as a 15 gate, linear terminal. This would discontinue all operations from Terminal 2 as it would be phased out. The project is expected to begin in 2014 and be completed by 2020.

Terminal 4 (Barry M. Goldwater Terminal)[edit]

Terminal 4, also designed by DWL Architects + Planners, Inc., opened in 1990 and has more than 90 gates, divided into seven satellite concourses connected behind security.[13] Three northern concourses (gates A1-A14, A17-A30, B1-B14) serve American Airlines and American Eagle operated flights. The northeastern concourse "B" includes the international gates with Customs and Border Control facilities for international inbound flights (B23-B28) serving Air Canada Rouge, British Airways, Volaris, Westjet, American Airlines and American Eagle with B15-B22 serving American Airlines and American Eagle exclusively. The three southern concourses (gates C1-C10, C11-C20, D1-D8) serve Southwest Airlines exclusively. Terminal 4 handles about 80% of the traffic at the airport.

Terminal 4 maintains the Brutalist architecture theme of the airport with a hard concrete exterior and angled support beams seen on the ground transportation levels.

The terminal has a dense, but very efficient layout. Starting at the bottom, level 1 contains the baggage claim and ground transportation for arriving passengers and shuttle buses. Level 2 contains the passenger drop-off and ticketing counters. Level 3 contains the Security Checkpoint, dining options/gift shops, and post-security passenger terminals. Level 3 also contains the PHX Sky Train (people mover) access-ways that go directly to the Sky Train station. Levels 4 through 9 contain parking accessible by elevator. To make this layout efficient, vehicles go through a series of ramps, turns, and parking garage spiral ramps. For example, passengers exit through security, down an escalator from level 3 to level 1, pick up their baggage, and exit to the adjacent ground transportation.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A British Airways Boeing 747-400 bound for London-Heathrow from Sky Harbor's Terminal 4.

British Airways provides the airport's only transatlantic flight, with nonstop service to London-Heathrow, as well as the only passenger flights on a Boeing 747 involving the airport. America West once operated Boeing 747s to Hawaii and Japan from Sky Harbor, but since this ended the Heathrow service is the only service outside North America, although American and Hawaiian Airlines offer non-stop service outside the Continental United States to Hawaii. American Airlines and Volaris offer non-stop service to cities in Mexico and American Airlines, Air Canada, and WestJet offer non-stop service to parts of Canada, while American and Alaska Airlines, offer non-stop service to parts of Alaska. American Airlines offers service to Central America alone.

While Phoenix is one of the busiest airports in the world, the lack of international destinations from Phoenix has initiated the Air Service Development Marketing Program. The Aviation Department is offering an international air service development program to encourage new air service between Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX) and qualified, un-served, international destinations. Airlines that launch new service to qualifying, un-served international markets during the program period will be eligible for marketing reimbursements and landing fee waivers. The proposed program is open to all airlines. To qualify for the funds the airline must maintain at least three new, weekly round-trips for one consecutive year. Up to $1 million will be awarded, depending on the frequency and destination. As well as intercontinental routes, they also will fund airlines who increase or create new flights to North American destinations such as Mexico City, Toronto, and Boston, among others.[18]

Passenger[edit]

Note: All International arrivals are handled at Terminal 4, Concourse B.

Airlines Destinations Terminal-Concourse
Air Canada Rouge Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Calgary, Vancouver
4 - B
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage
2
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Miami, New York-JFK, Newark, Orange County, Seattle/Tacoma 4 - A, B
American Eagle El Paso, Fresno, Los Angeles 4 - A, B
British Airways London-Heathrow 4 - B
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma (begins September 1, 2015)[19]
Seasonal: Cincinnati
3 - North
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma 3 - North
Frontier Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, San Francisco 3 - North
Great Lakes Airlines Page, Show Low 2
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu 3 - North
JetBlue Airways Boston, New York-JFK 3 - North
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Buffalo, Burbank, Chicago-Midway, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Dallas-Love, Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, Newark, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando-International, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Raleigh-Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tulsa
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale[20]
4 - C, D
Spirit Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Minneapolis/St. Paul
2
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul 2
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 2
United Express Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco
Seasonal: Houston-Intercontinental
2
US Airways
operated by American Airlines
Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boise, Boston, Calgary, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Guadalajara, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Mexico City, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Newark, Oakland, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando-International, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tucson, Vancouver, Washington-National
Seasonal: Albuquerque, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Manzanillo, San José de Costa Rica
4 - A, B
US Airways Express Albuquerque, Austin, Bakersfield, Burbank, Dallas/Fort Worth (begins July 6, 2015),[21] Des Moines, Durango (CO), El Paso, Flagstaff, Fresno, Grand Junction, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Kansas City, Long Beach, Monterey, Oakland, Omaha, Ontario, Palm Springs, Puerto Vallarta, Reno/Tahoe, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Tucson, Yuma
Seasonal: Calgary, Montrose, Vancouver
4 - B
Volaris Guadalajara 4 - B
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Kelowna, Regina, Saskatoon, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg
4 - B

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati
Ameriflight Los Angeles, Tijuana
DHL Aviation
operated by ABX Air
San Diego
FedEx Feeder
operated by Empire Airlines
Flagstaff, Lake Havasu City, Yuma
FedEx Express Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland
FedEx Feeder
operated by Corporate Air
Billings
UPS Airlines Louisville, Albuquerque

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Destinations with nonstop service from Phoenix as of December 2010.
An Air Canada Airbus A321 departing to Toronto.
A Southwest Airlines Boeing 737-700 preparing to depart gate D6 at Terminal 4.
Busiest domestic routes from Phoenix (April 2014 - March 2015)[22]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Denver, Colorado 1,090,000 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United, US Airways
2 Los Angeles, California (LAX) 813,000 American, Delta, Southwest, United, US Airways
3 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 699,000 Alaska, American, Delta, Southwest, US Airways
4 Chicago, Illinois (O'Hare) 678,000 American, Frontier, Spirit, United, US Airways
5 Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota 673,000 Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, US Airways
6 Las Vegas, Nevada 653,000 Southwest, US Airways
7 Dallas, Texas (DFW) 643,000 American, Spirit, US Airways
8 Salt Lake City, Utah 636,000 Delta, Southwest, US Airways
9 San Diego, California 630,000 Southwest, US Airways
10 Atlanta, Georgia 584,000 Delta, Southwest, US Airways
Top ten busiest international routes from Sky Harbor International Airport as of December 2012[23]
Rank City Passengers Carriers Change YoY (%)
1 Calgary, Canada 332,957 Air Canada, US Airways, WestJet Increase03.6
2 San José del Cabo, Mexico 287,188 US Airways Decrease05.0
3 Vancouver, Canada 217,269 US Airways, WestJet Decrease01.3
4 Edmonton, Canada 189,937 US Airways, WestJet Increase025.1
5 Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 189,272 US Airways Decrease010.4
6 Guadalajara, Mexico 186,295 US Airways, Volaris Decrease02.3
7 London, United Kingdom (Heathrow) 175,475 British Airways Increase01.3
8 Mexico City, Mexico 153,919 US Airways, Volaris Decrease07.2
9 Cancún, Mexico 134,627 US Airways Increase00.6
10 Toronto, Canada 124,239 Air Canada Increase05.5

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at Phoenix Airport, 1951 thru 2014[24][25][26]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
2010 38,554,530 2000 36,044,281 1990 21,718,068 1980 6,585,854 1970 2,871,958 1960 857,318
2009 37,824,982 1999 33,554,407 1989 20,714,059 1979 7,021,985 1969 2,795,212 1959 783,115
2008 39,891,193 1998 31,769,113 1988 19,178,100 1978 5,931,860 1968 2,515,326 1958 658,889
2007 42,184,515 1997 30,677,210 1987 17,723,046 1977 4,984,653 1967 2,236,637 1957 581,087
2006 41,436,498 1996 30,411,852 1986 15,556,994 1976 4,414,625 1966 1,943,336 1956 495,268
2005 41,204,071 1995 27,856,195 1985 13,422,764 1975 3,964,942 1965 1,594,895 1955 442,587
2014 42,134,662 2004 39,504,323 1994 25,626,132 1984 10,801,658 1974 3,962,988 1964 1,411,912 1954 365,545
2013 40,341,614 2003 37,423,502 1993 23,621,781 1983 8,605,408 1973 3,776,725 1963 1,247,684 1953 325,311
2012 40,448,932 2002 35,547,432 1992 22,118,399 1982 7,491,516 1972 3,365,122 1962 1,090,953 1952 296,066
2011 40,592,295 2001 35,437,051 1991 22,140,437 1981 6,641,750 1971 3,000,707 1961 920,096 1951 240,786

Sky Harbor has an average of 1,232 aircraft operations per day.[27]

Commercial Air Taxi GA Transient Military
990 174 60 7

There are 75 aircraft based at Sky Harbor.[27]

Single-Engine Multi-Engine Jet Helicopter Military
21 14 23 9 8

Other services[edit]

  • Cutter Aviation (Fixed-Base Operator, General Aviation Services and Air Charter at Sky Harbor)
  • Swift Air (Operates cargo and passenger charters out of Sky Harbor)

Airport development[edit]

PHX Sky Train[edit]

PHX Sky Train
  • The new Phoenix Sky Train is an automated people-mover, much like other airports, that will, by 2020, transport Sky Harbor passengers from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station to Sky Harbor's East Economy Parking lot, through all three terminals, then on to the Rental Car Center just west of the airport.
    • Phase 1 opened on April 8, 2013 and runs from the 44th Street and Washington Light Rail station, to East Economy Parking and on to Terminal 4.[28]
    • Phase 1A shuttles passengers to Terminal 3 with a walkway to Terminal 2. Phase 1A opened on December 8, 2014.[29]
    • Phase 2 will transport passengers to the Rental Car Center. Phase two is not expected to be completed anytime prior to 2020.[29]
  • Sky Harbor is the first airport in the world to have a train track high enough for aircraft to pass underneath, standing above Taxiway R at 100 feet (30 meters).[30]

Other projects[edit]

  • Sky Harbor has initiated a 3 – component "Terminal 3 Modernization Plan" which is anticipated to accommodate the current carriers at Terminal 3 as well as carriers at Terminal 2, which is to be phased out.[31]
    • Component 1 began in April 2015, and will consolidate the two undersized security checkpoints with a single large security checkpoint. Also included in this component are additional ticket counters, baggage carousels, upgrades to the HVAC system, and new interior and exterior finishes. This phase is scheduled to be completed by the summer of 2016.
    • Component 2 will demolish the existing South Concourse and replace it with a new 15 gate linear concourse, and will allow for the closure of Terminal 2.
    • Component 3 will renovate the North Concourse, with expanded concessions and new interior and exterior finishes.
  • Sky Harbor's southern-most runway (7R/25L) was fitted with three new safety features in October 2010:
    • Installation of runway status lights warning pilots of unsafe crossing.
    • Two new runway exits.
    • An extension of the runway's safety area in the event an airplane over-runs the runway.
  • Terminal 4 Expansion
    • Terminal 4 currently has 7 concourses, 4 on the north side but only 3 on the south side. The terminal was designed to have a total of 8 concourses. The 8th concourse, which will be built just to the west of concourse D, is planned to be built in the near future as passenger traffic is projected to grow at Sky Harbor. The date of construction has not been announced yet.[32]

Airline lounges[edit]

Ground transportation[edit]

A free 24-hour airport shuttle bus connects all of the terminals and West Economy Parking. Travelers can access East Economy Parking from the PHX Sky Train at Terminal 4.[34]

Valley Metro bus route 13 serves all of the airport terminals as a link to the rest of the Valley Metro bus system. The METRO Light Rail has a stop at the nearby Washington at 44th Street station. A moving sidewalk bridge over Washington Street allows light rail passengers to arrive at the nearby PHX Sky Train station and then onward to stations at the East Economy Parking Lot and Terminal 4. Valley Metro bus routes 1 and 44 serve the PHX Sky Train station at 44th Street & Washington with route 3 stopping at the street corner near light rail. .[35]

A number of taxi, limousine, and shuttle companies provide service between each airport terminal, the Phoenix metropolitan area, and other communities throughout the state.[36]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On June 27, 1969, N3150Y, a Cessna 182 Skylane, flying from Hawthorne Airport in Hawthorne, CA to Sky Harbor, hit the high-tension power lines east of the airport and crashed at 10:48 pm in the Salt River bed while attempting to land on Runway 26R, knocking out power to the airport and killing all three persons on board.
  • On August 28, 2002, America West Airlines flight 794, an Airbus A320 veered off the side of the runway onto the dirt infield and lost its nose gear due to the pilot failing to maintain directional control. Some passengers sustained minor injuries.

Military facilities[edit]

Air Mobility Command.svg
Air National Guard.png

PHX is also home to Sky Harbor Air National Guard Base and its host wing, the 161st Air Refueling Wing (161 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard. One of two flying units in the Arizona ANG, the 161 ARW currently flies the KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft. In addition to its domestic role as a National Guard unit, answering to the Governor of Arizona, the 161 ARW also performs both a stateside and overseas role as a USAF organization, supporting air refueling and air mobility missions worldwide.[37]

Located on the south side of the airport, the current Sky Harbor ANGB is a comparatively new facility. As a result of growth and on-going expansion programs at PHX, a new ANG base was planned at the airport to replace a smaller, outmoded facility that stood in the way of airport construction. Plans were finally approved in 1995 and the new base was built during the latter part of that decade. The current Sky Harbor ANGB includes over 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2) of facilities, pavement, and infrastructure and is one of the most modern facilities of its kind in the Air National Guard.[38]

Over 1000 Air National Guard personnel are assigned to the 161 ARW, consisting of a combination of full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel, as well as part-time "traditional" air national guardsmen.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for PHX (Form 5010 PDF), effective July 5, 2007
  2. ^ Thompson, Clay (January 14, 2001). "Valley 101: A Slightly Skewed Guide to Living in Arizona". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ "1935 and The Farm – Sky Harbor's Early Years and Memories". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Phoenix Sky Harbor – City of Tempe History". City of Tempe. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Sky Harbor and the Beginning of the Modern Era". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Lehman, William. "US Airways: A Heritage Story". US Airways. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Openings/Closings". Southwest Airlines. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "The 80's: A Time of Change". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Name on Airport Terminal Has Goldwater Flying High". Orlando Sentinel. November 4, 1990. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Terminal 4 Expansion Projects Concourse N1, N4 & S2" (PDF). Landrum & Brown. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2009. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  11. ^ Ayres Jr., B. Drummond (July 13, 1998). "Political Briefing; A Sky-High Tribute Grounded by Fallout". The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  12. ^ Giblin, Paul; Lipton, Eric (February 24, 2007). "New Airport X-Rays Scan Bodies, Not Just Bags". The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport – DWL Architects + Planners, Inc". Dwlarchitects.com. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Passenger Terminal Facility Requirements" (PDF). Arizona Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ Richardson, Ginger D. (March 12, 2007). "Terminal 2 Redo Winding Down". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Terminal Modernization – Component 3". Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Terminal 3". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  18. ^ http://skyharbor.com/airlinesflights/marketingSupport.html
  19. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/03/02/dl-sea717-sep15/
  20. ^ http://www.blogsouthwest.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/this-summary.pdf
  21. ^ http://www.aa.com
  22. ^ "RITA | BTS | Transtats". Transtats.bts.gov. May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2015-05.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  23. ^ "U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report". Office of Aviation Policy, U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  24. ^ Airport Statistics. Retrieved on Feb 21, 2015.
  25. ^ Airport Statistics 2006 - 1950. Retrieved on Feb 21, 2015.
  26. ^ Historical Traffic Statistics. Retrieved on Feb 21, 2015.
  27. ^ a b "Phoenix Sky Harbor Intl Airport Overzicht (Phoenix, AZ)". FlightAware. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  28. ^ "New PHX Sky Train debuts at Sky Harbor airport". AZ Daily Star. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b "PHX Sky Train® Now Serves All Terminals at Phoenix Sky Harbor" (Press release). City of Phoenix Aviation Department. December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2014. 
  30. ^ "First Planes Taxi under PHX Sky Train Bridge". City of Phoenix Aviation Department. October 10, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  31. ^ Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport". Skyharbor.com. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  32. ^ Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. Skyharbor.com http://skyharbor.com/about/terminals.html. Retrieved January 9, 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "Phoenix, AZ – Sky Harbor International Airport, Terminal 4". US Airways. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  34. ^ Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport – Airport Shuttle". Skyharbor.com. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport". Valleymetro.org. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  36. ^ Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. "Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport – Statewide Shuttles". Skyharbor.com. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  37. ^ "161st Air Refueling Wing". Arizona Air National Guard. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Factsheets: A Unit History of "The Copperheads"http://www.161arw.ang.af.mil/resources/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=14111". Arizona Air National Guard. March 19, 2009. 

External links[edit]