Union Station (Phoenix, Arizona)

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Phoenix Union Station
Phoenix-Phoenix Union Station-1923-2.JPG
The station in 2014.
Location 401 South 4th Avenue
Phoenix, Arizona
United States
Coordinates 33°26′39″N 112°04′44″W / 33.44417°N 112.07889°W / 33.44417; -112.07889Coordinates: 33°26′39″N 112°04′44″W / 33.44417°N 112.07889°W / 33.44417; -112.07889
Owned by Sprint Corporation[1]
Line(s) Union Pacific Railroad
Tracks 1
History
Opened 1923
Closed June 3, 1996
Services
  Former services  
Preceding station   BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak   Following station
toward Los Angeles
Sunset Limited
toward New Orleans
Texas Eagle
toward Chicago
Amtrak train services were discontinued May 28, 1996
Union Station
Union Station Phoenix - North - 2009-12-08.JPG
North Side of Union Station Phoenix, Arizona
Location Fourth Ave. and Southern Pacific RR tracks, Phoenix, Arizona
Area 1 acre (0.40 ha)
Built 1923
Architect Peter Kiewit
Architectural style Mission Revival
MPS Phoenix Commercial MRA
NRHP Reference # 85003056[2]
Added to NRHP November 25, 1985

Phoenix Union Station is located at 401 South 4th Avenue in downtown Phoenix, Arizona, United States. Service ended in 1996.

Architecture[edit]

Phoenix Union Station (center) anchors the south end of downtown

Phoenix Union Station was constructed in 1923 by the Santa Fe and the Arizona Eastern (Southern Pacific) Railroads. The Station is one of the best examples of Mission Revival architecture, along with Brophy College Preparatory, in Phoenix. The Mission Revival style, a popular building style between 1890 and the 1920s, was typified by such Union Station features as stucco wall finishes, arcades, red tiled roofs, curvilinear gables, massive piers, and impost moldings.

According to the "Phoenix Historic Building Survey" by the Phoenix City Council, September 1979:

Historic Name
Union Station of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe Railroads
Description
A large Mission Revival railroad station with a central two-story waiting room structure between long, low arcaded wings. Red-tiled, gabled roofs are terminated by high parapet walls that are shaped with the familiar curves of the Mission Revival at the ends of the wings and in entrance pavilions at both the railroad and street sides of the central pavilion. In keeping with the character of the Mission Revival there are few other decorative details.
The waiting room is a high, beamed space with original wooden furnishings and particularly fine ceiling light fixtures. There have been some alterations in the waiting room, and the arcaded wings which were originally open as passenger waiting areas have been enclosed. A microwave transmitting tower next to the central pavilion is out of harmony with the structure...
Significance
Union Station was a joint venture between the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe Railroad Companies and was designed by their architect, Peter Kiewit. Dedicated on September 30, 1923, the building was proclaimed a "Monument to the progressiveness and prosperity of the valley and a testimony of the confidence in the future of the Salt River Valley and Phoenix."
A milestone in Phoenix's development, Union Station ushered in tourism on a grand scale and promoted greater national visibility.

History[edit]

Rob Bohannan presented this history at ARPA's dedication of the clock and plaque donated by ARPA members, January 11, 1992. Used with permission:

Phoenix Union Station was commissioned on September 16, 1922, by the Arizona Eastern Railroad Company, a Southern Pacific affiliate, and by the California, Arizona and Santa Fe Railroad, then part of the Santa Fe Railway system and was built by the Robert E. McKee Construction Company. Construction of this union station was the result of an order by the Arizona Corporation Commission to the railroads to consolidate their separate station facilities located several blocks apart in downtown Phoenix.

The main station building is 475 feet long and 74 feet wide. The adjoining Post Office building is 78 feet long and 62 feet wide. The mission revival style building is constructed of structural steel and reinforced concrete and was completed at a cost of $556,000.

Three years after the station was completed, the new Southern Pacific main line through Phoenix was opened with the arrival of the eastbound Californian on November 15, 1926. After the track was fully seasoned, the Golden State and Sunset Limited served the station beginning March 20 of the following year. Prior to this, the only access to SP's transcontinental trains was via connecting trains on the old Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad at Maricopa.

When rail travel was at its peak during and immediately after World War Two, Phoenix Union Station was served by as many as eighteen trains a day. A pair of Santa Fe trains arrived and departed for Parker, Barstow, and Los Angeles. And Santa Fe's fondly remembered Hassayampa Flyer connected Phoenix with Williams Junction and Santa Fe's great transcontinental trains to and from the east.

Southern Pacific operated the Sunset Limited between Los Angeles and New Orleans, the service which continues under Amtrak today (NOTE: rerouted away from Phoenix proper in 1996, in favor of Maricopa). The Sunset Limited had through cars to Dallas and St. Louis by way of the Texas and Pacific connection at El Paso. In conjunction with the Rock Island, Southern Pacific operated the Golden State Limited, together with several lesser trains on the Los Angeles - Phoenix - Chicago route. From December 1940 to April 1941, and from December 1941 to April 1942, Rock Island and Southern Pacific operated the deluxe Arizona Limited between Phoenix and Chicago. In April 1964, the Sunset Limited and the Golden State were combined between Los Angeles and El Paso. The Golden State made its last run in February, 1968. The Hassayampa was discontinued in April of the following year.

Until superseded by Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport sometime in the fifties, Phoenix Union Station was the undisputed gateway to the city. This station has served millions of arriving and departing passengers during the fifty-nine years since it was completed. This station has also played host to many special occasions and celebrations. The two having the largest recorded attendance are the Main Line celebration on Friday, October 15, 1926, and the second day of Phoenix Union Station Days, Sunday, February 24, 1991. On both days over ten thousand persons gathered to celebrate the importance of this great building and the invaluable service it has provided.

In 1995, the last full year Amtrak stopped at Union Station, 21,495 passengers boarded or alighted here.

Since Amtrak left in 1996, the Olympic Torch train has stopped here twice, and tourist trains like the GrandLuxe (formerly American Orient Express) have occasionally used Union Station.

In 2000, the Arizona Department of Transportation and the Arizona Rail Passenger Association presented "Transpo 2000," an exposition of a modern Talgo trainset at Union Station.[3]

Historic designations[edit]

  • National Register of Historic Places #NPS 85003056
  • Phoenix City Register

Current services[edit]

No regular passenger trains currently call at Union Station.

Amtrak operates the Sunset Limited three times a week from the town of Maricopa, which is in Pinal County thirty miles south of downtown Phoenix. A private company, White's Taxi Shuttle, operates a taxi service to the Phoenix metro area; there is no bus or Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service to Maricopa. The Sunset Limited also serves Tucson, and many Phoenix passengers travel to Tucson as an alternative to boarding the train in Maricopa (Greyhound operates frequent daily motorcoach service between Phoenix and Tucson; the Tucson Greyhound and Amtrak stations are both in the downtown area, about a mile apart).

Amtrak's Southwest Chief train route operates through Flagstaff daily, and Amtrak provides guaranteed through-ticketed Thruway Motorcoach connecting shuttle service via Arizona Shuttle from the Phoenix Metro Center and Camp Verde to and from the trains at Flagstaff.

The nearest Valley Metro Rail station, City Hall Station ("Washington Street and Central Avenue and Jefferson Street and 1st Avenue"), is half a mile away.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jaimee Rose (28 April 2012). "Old Phoenix train station links people in different ways". Arizona Living. The Republic. Retrieved January 2016. The station is owned now by Sprint -- as in cellphones -- and still, the place is used to connect people  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "Transpo 2000". Arizona Rail Passenger Association. 2000-05-11. 
  4. ^ https://maps.google.com/maps?q=401+South+4th+Avenue%2C+Phoenix&sourceid=Mozilla-search

References[edit]

  • The Union Station: Phoenix' Portal to the Nation; City of Phoenix Historical Preservation Commission, Don W. Ryden AIA Architects Inc. January 1990
  • A Historic Building Analysis of Phoenix Union Station; Ryden Architects, ca. 1984. 725.31028 H629, Phoenix Central Library, Arizona Collection. Includes photographs of the rarely seen second floor offices, former baggage/express areas, and attic spaces.
  • Phoenix Historical Building Survey, Phoenix City Council, September 1979; 917.9174 C38p, Phoenix Central Library, Arizona Collection.
  • Railroads of Arizona, vol. II—Phoenix and the Central Roads by David F. Myrick, Howell-North Books, San Diego, California, 1980. 385.09791 (Library of Congress: HE2771.A6M94; ISBN 0-8310-7111-7 (v.I))

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe   Following station
toward Ash Fork
Santa Fe, Prescott and Phoenix Railway Terminus