Phoenix loureiroi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Phoenix loureiroi
Phoenix loureiroi (Phoenix hanceana var. formosana) - National Taiwan University - DSC01165.JPG
Scientific classification
P. loureiroi
Binomial name
Phoenix loureiroi
  • Phoenix hanceana Naudin
  • Phoenix humilis Royle ex Becc. nom. illeg.
  • Phoenix ouseleyana Griff.
  • Phoenix pedunculata Griff.
  • Phoenix pusilla Lour. nom. illeg.
  • Phoenix pygmaea Raeusch. nom. inval.
  • Phoenix robusta (Becc.) Hook.f.

Phoenix loureiroi (common name mountain date palm[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, indigenous to southern Asia, from the southern islands of the Philippines, India, southern Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Pakistan, and China.[3] It occurs in deciduous and evergreen forests and in clear terrain from sea level to 1,500 m altitude.[4]

Phoenix loureiroi is named after João de Loureiro; it was originally written by Kunth as "loureirii", but this is an error to be corrected to loureiroi under the provisions of the ICBN.[3]


Phoenix loureiroi contains solitary and clustering plants with trunks from 1–4 m high and 25 cm in width, usually covered in old leaf bases. The leaves vary to some degree but usually reach 2 m in length with leaflets wide at the base and sharply pointed apices. The leaflets emerge from the rachis at varying angles creating a stiff, plumose leaf.

The fruit is a single-seeded drupe, bluish-black when ripe, produced on erect, yellow inflorescences, usually hidden within the leaf crown. The species is noted for its variability in different habitats.[4]


There are two varieties,[3] based on the presence or absence of sclerotic, tannin-filled cells along the midribs and margins of leaflets:

  • Phoenix loureiroi var. loureiroi.
  • Phoenix loureiroi var. pedunculata (Griff.) Govaerts (syn. P. loureiroi var. humilis S.C.Barrow).


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  2. ^ Mandle, L.; Ticktin, T.; Nath, S.; Setty, S.; Varghese, A. (2013). "A framework for considering ecological interactions for common non-timber forest product species: a case study of mountain date palm (Phoenix loureiroi Kunth) leaf harvest in South India". Ecological Processes. 2 (21). doi:10.1186/2192-1709-2-21.
  3. ^ a b c "Phoenix loureiroi". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b Riffle, Robert L. and Craft, Paul (2003) An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Portland: Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-558-6 / ISBN 978-0-88192-558-6 (pages 402-403)