|Sport(s)||Football, basketball, baseball|
November 18, 1885|
|Died||September 16, 1974
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|Administrative career (AD unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
4 MIAA (1912–1915)
2 Helms Athletic Foundation national (1922, 1923)
NCAA Tournament (1952)
2 MIAA (1913, 1914)
24 MVIAA/Big 6/Big 7/Big 8 (1908, 1909, 1922–1927, 1931–1934, 1936–1938, 1940–1943, 1946, 1950, 1952–1954)
|Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 1959 (profile)
|College Basketball Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2006
Forrest Clare "Phog" Allen (November 18, 1885 – September 16, 1974) was an American basketball and baseball player, coach of American football, basketball, and baseball, college athletics administrator, and osteopathic physician. Known as the "Father of Basketball Coaching," he served as the head basketball coach at Baker University (1905–1908), the University of Kansas (1907–1909, 1919–1956), Haskell Institute—now Haskell Indian Nations University (1908–1909), and Warrensburg Teachers College—now the University of Central Missouri (1912–1919), compiling a career college basketball record of 746–264. In his 39 seasons at the helm of the Kansas Jayhawks men's basketball program, his teams won 24 conference championships and three national titles. The Helms Athletic Foundation retroactively recognized Allen's 1921–22 and 1922–23 Kansas teams as national champions. Allen's 1951–52 squad won the 1952 NCAA Tournament and his Jayhawks were runners-up in the NCAA Tournament in 1940 and 1953. His 590 wins are the most of any coach in the storied history of the Kansas basketball program.
Allen attended the University of Kansas, having already acquired the nickname "Phog" for the distinctive foghorn voice he had as a baseball umpire. He lettered in baseball and basketball, the latter under James Naismith, the inventor of the game. Allen served as the head football coach at Warrensburg Teachers College from 1912 to 1917 and at Kansas for one season in 1920, amassing a career college football record of 34–19–3. He also coached baseball at Kansas for two seasons, in 1941 and 1942, tallying a mark of 6–17–1, and was the university's athletic director from 1919 to 1937. Allen was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame with the inaugural class of 1959. The home basketball arena at the University of Kansas, Allen Fieldhouse, was named in his honor when it opened in 1955.
Allen was born in the town of Jamesport, Missouri. His father, William Allen, was among the 30 people who originally incorporated Jameson, Missouri in 1879 and the doctor who delivered Allen lived in James. However, William Allen also had strong ties to Jamesport where he was town clerk, collector, and constable. Biographies of Allen usually refer to his birthplace as Jamesport. His family later moved to Independence, Missouri.
Playing and coaching career
Allen coached at William Chrisman High School (then known as Independence High School) in Independence, Missouri, the University of Kansas, Baker University, Haskell Institute, and Warrensburg Teachers College in Warrensburg, Missouri.
Allen began classes at the University of Kansas in 1904, where he lettered three years in basketball under James Naismith's coaching, and two years in baseball. In 1905 he also played for the Kansas City Athletic Club.
At Kansas he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. Allen launched his coaching career at his alma mater in 1907, but took a hiatus after graduating in 1909 to study osteopathic medicine at Kansas College of Osteopathy. Known as “Doc” to his players and students, he was reputed to be a colorful figure on the University of Kansas campus, coaching all sports and becoming known for his osteopathic manipulation techniques for ailing athletes. Allen was a legend in the field of treatment of athletic injuries and benefited a long list of high-profile performers. He also had a successful private osteopathic practice, and many he treated, the famous and otherwise, contend he had a "magic touch" for such ailments as bad backs, knees and ankles. He said he applied the same treatments to "civilians" as he did to his athletes.
His forceful, yet reasonable, disposition helped him become the driving force behind basketball becoming accepted as an official sport in the Olympics in 1936. Allen later coached in the 1952 Summer Olympics, leading the United States to the gold medal in Helsinki, Finland.
He coached college basketball for 50 seasons, and compiled a 746–264 record, retiring with the all-time record for most coaching wins in college basketball history at the time. During his tenure at Kansas, Allen coached Dutch Lonborg, Adolph Rupp, Ralph Miller and Dean Smith, all future Hall of Fame coaches. Among the Hall of Fame players he coached were Paul Endacott, Bill Johnson, and Clyde Lovellette. He also recruited Wilt Chamberlain to Kansas, and even coached former United States Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole. Allen Fieldhouse, the basketball arena on the campus of the University of Kansas, is named in his honor. A banner that hangs in the rafters of Allen Fieldhouse reads: "Pay heed all who enter, beware of the Phog." Phog Allen was enshrined as part of the inaugural class in the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1959.
Head coaching record
|Warrensburg Teachers (Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1912–1917)|
|Kansas Jayhawks (Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1920)|
|Baker Wildcats () (1905–1908)|
|Kansas Jayhawks (Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1907–1909)|
|Haskell Indians (Independent) (1908–1909)|
|Warrensburg Teachers (Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1912–1919)|
|Warrensburg Teachers:||84–31 (.730)|
|Kansas Jayhawks (MVIAA/Big Six/Big Seven/Big Eight Conference) (1919–1956)|
|1921–22||Kansas||16–2||15–1||T–1st||Helms National Champion|
|1922–23||Kansas||17–1||16–0||1st||Helms National Champion|
|1941–42||Kansas||17–5||8–2||T–1st||NCAA Regional Third Place|
|1946–47||Kansas||8–5[n 1]||[n 1]||[n 1]|
|Kansas:||590–219 (.729)||334–121 (.734)|
National champion Postseason invitational champion
- List of college men's basketball coaches with 600 wins
- List of NCAA Division I Men's Final Four appearances by coach
- Allen was ordered to take a rest due to illness after a game against Missouri on January 7. Howard Engleman assumed the role of interim head coach, guiding Kansas to an 8–6 record over the final 14 games of the season. The Jayhawks finished in third place in the Big Six with a conference record of 5–5.
- Basketball Hall of Fame bio Archived August 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Phog's First Farewell". KU History.
- The man behind March Madness - St. Joseph News-Press - March 15, 2009 Archived March 24, 2009, at Archive.is
- The Golden Age of Amateur Basketball: The AAU Tournament - Adolph H. Grundman (Author) - 1921-1968 - Bison Books (October 1, 2004) ISBN 0-8032-7117-4
- Key Dates in NABC History Archived October 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "2010-11 Men's Basketball Media Guide" (PDF). CBS Interactive. p. 188. Retrieved March 17, 2011.