Pholidota (plant)

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Pholidota chinensis.jpg
Pholidota chinensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
Subtribe: Coelogyninae
Genus: Pholidota
  • Acanthoglossum Blume
  • Chelonanthera Blume
  • Crinonia Blume
  • Ptilocnema D.Don
  • Camelostalix Pfitzer in H.G.A.Engler

The genus Pholidota belongs to the family Orchidaceae and the subtribe Coelogyninae. Genera that are part of this subtribe are usually terrestrial or epiphytic. Great variation exists among leaf types of this genus; however, the flowers are usually small to large and appear upside down.[2][3]

Species of this genus can be found across much of eastern and southern Asia (Indian Subcontinent, southern China, Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, etc.), as well as in New Guinea and Queensland, and on some Pacific Islands.[1][4]

Species accepted as of June 2014 include:[1]

  1. Pholidota advena (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Hook.f. - Myanmar
  2. Pholidota aidiolepis Seidenf. & de Vogel - Thailand
  3. Pholidota articulata Lindl. - Guizhou, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Assam, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
  4. Pholidota camelostalix Rchb.f. - Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Timor, Flores
  5. Pholidota cantonensis Rolfe - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Zhejiang.
  6. Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl. - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Bismarcks
  7. Pholidota chinensis Lindl. - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Myanmar, Vietnam
  8. Pholidota clemensii Ames - Borneo
  9. Pholidota convallariae (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Hook.f. - Yunnan, Assam, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Sumatra
  10. Pholidota corniculata Pfitzer & Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler - Assam
  11. Pholidota cyclopetala Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler - Sumatra
  12. Pholidota gibbosa (Blume) Lindl. ex de Vriese - Solomons and much of Indonesia
  13. Pholidota globosa (Blume) Lindl. - Sumatra, Java, Bali
  14. Pholidota guibertiae Finet - Vietnam
  15. Pholidota imbricata Lindl. in W.J.Hooker - widespread from Tibet to Queensland and New Caledonia
  16. Pholidota katakiana Phukan - Arunachal Pradesh
  17. Pholidota leveilleana Schltr. - Vietnam, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan
  18. Pholidota longibulba Holttum - Peninsular Malaysia
  19. Pholidota longilabra de Vogel - Sumatra
  20. Pholidota longipes S.C.Chen & Z.H.Tsi - Yunnan
  21. Pholidota mediocris de Vogel - Borneo
  22. Pholidota missionariorum Gagnep. - Bhutan, eastern India, Myanmar, Vietnam
  23. Pholidota nervosa (Blume) Rchb.f. - Sumatra, Java
  24. Pholidota niana Y.T.Liu, R.Li & C.L.Long - Yunnan
  25. Pholidota pachyglossa Aver. - Vietnam
  26. Pholidota pallida Lindl. - Yunnan, Bhutan, Assam, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia
  27. Pholidota pectinata Ames - Borneo
  28. Pholidota pholas Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers - southeastern China
  29. Pholidota protracta Hook.f. - Yunnan, Nepal, Assam, Bhutan, Myanmar
  30. Pholidota pygmaea H.J.Chowdhery & G.D.Pal - Arunachal Pradesh
  31. Pholidota pyrranthela Gagnep. - Vietnam
  32. Pholidota recurva Lindl. - Yunnan, Bhutan, Assam, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
  33. Pholidota roseans Schltr. - Guizhou, Vietnam
  34. Pholidota rubra Lindl. - Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, Vietnam
  35. Pholidota schweinfurthiana L.O.Williams - Borneo
  36. Pholidota sigmatochilus J.J.Sm. - Sabah
  37. Pholidota sulcata J.J.Sm. - Borneo
  38. Pholidota ventricosa (Blume) Rchb.f. - Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea
  39. Pholidota wattii King & Pantl. - Assam
  40. Pholidota yunnanensis Rolfe - Vietnam, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Dressler, Robert L. The Orchids: Natural History and Classification. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.
  3. ^ Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One). Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  4. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 335, 石仙桃属 shi xian tao shu, Pholidota Lindley ex Hooker, Exot. Fl. 2: ad t. 138. 1825.

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