Photo identification

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This article is about identification of people. For the wildlife study technique, see Wildlife photo-identification.
Identification card used in Japan[1]

Photo identification or photo ID is an identity document that includes a photograph of the holder, usually only his or her face. The most commonly accepted forms of photo ID are those issued by government authorities, such as driver's licenses, identity cards and passports, but special purpose photo IDs may be also produced, such as internal security or access control cards.

Photo identification may be used for face-to-face authentication of identity of a party who is neither personally known to the person in authority or because that person does not have access to a file, a directory, a registry or an information service that contains or that can render a photograph of somebody on account of that person's name and other personal information.

Some countries - including almost all developed nations with the notable exceptions of the UK and the United States - use a single, government issued type of card as a proof of age or citizenship.

The United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and Ireland do not have such a single type of card. Types of photo ID cards used in the US include:

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