Photon belt

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The Photon Belt (also called the photon band, photon ring, manasic ring, manasic radiation, manasic vibration, golden ring, or golden nebula) is a spiritual belief, largely linked to some parts of the New Age Movement. It postulates that a belt or ring of photons is going to envelop the Earth, causing a cataclysm and/or initiating a spiritual transition, with the time period leading up to "the Shift" referred to as "The Quickening." The concept of the photon belt also ties into various phenomena including belief in extraterrestrial intelligence and 2012 millenarianism.

Concept[edit]

The core of the Photon Belt beliefs is that there is an immense belt of photons orbiting around the Pleiades. According to some New Age beliefs, Earth will pass through this belt of photons, resulting either in humanity's elevation to a higher plane of existence, the end of the world, or both. Authors Virginia Essene (born July 19, 1928)[1] and Sheldon Nidle write that the Photon Belt represents a temporary window for spiritual transition during which time humans can reach a higher level of existence, which they term the "galactic" level.[2]

History[edit]

German engineer and esotericist Paul Otto Hesse (1889–1958)[3][4][5][6][7][8] described his beliefs about the Photon Belt and its impact on humanity and planet Earth in his book Der jüngste Tag (First Edition, 1950)[9] (English translation, variously: The Last Day, Doomsday, or Judgement Day). Hesse claimed that this book was dictated to him by "the Word". Citing Mark 13:32, Hesse says no one can know exactly when planet Earth will enter the Photon Belt.[10]

Samael Aun Weor, who adopted the idea of the Photon Belt in the late 1970s, refers to it as "Alcyone's rings" or "the rings of Alcyone".[2] Weor claims that "Alcyone is the principal sun of the Pleiades, and in its orbit gravitate seven suns, our sun being the seventh which circles Alcyone." According to Weor, Alcyone has rings made of "radiation" caused by the "splitting of the electron." Weor refers to this "radiation" as "manasic" (from the Sanskrit term for the mind, manas), and indicates that "it in some way relates to [the distinction between] the inferior manas (lower mind or lower self) and the superior manas (higher mind or Higher Self)." Weor purports that "the electrons in Alcyone's rings release a type of unknown energy".[2]

A number of predictions have been made as to the date of Earth's collision with the Photon Belt. So far, no observable effects attributable to the photon belt have been seen on those dates. Dates so far given have included 1992, 1997 and 2011.[11]

Criticism[edit]

While the concept of the Photon Belt is a part of New Age philosophy, some parts of the story can be analyzed scientifically. There is no scientific evidence for the existence of any sort of "photon belt."

  1. A photon is a boson--one of the elementary particles that carry the four forces of physics--in this case, the force that produces light, i.e., the electromagnetic force. To the extent that such a thing as a "photon belt" is physically possible, it would require the gravitational pull of a black hole, with light rays being bent around the black hole near the event horizon, forming a photon sphere.[12] Barring interaction with gravity or matter, photons otherwise always travel in straight lines.
  2. Alcyone is a star in the Pleiades cluster, some 440 light-years away. The core of the Pleiades cluster is approximately 8 light-years across. The Sun, and with it the Earth, is moving away from Alcyone.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biographical Sketch of Virginia Essene (pen-name of Venice Eloise Varner Ostwald, aka Venice V. Ostwald) - Venice V. Ostwald is the founder and leader of the Human Evolution Church UCM, located in Sunnyvale, California.
  2. ^ a b c Virginia Essene and Sheldon Nidle - You are Becoming a Galactic Human (Santa Clara, CA: Spiritual Education Endeavors Publishing Company, 1994) (ISBN 0937147087).
  3. ^ Paul Otto Hesse (November 26, 1889 – December 30, 1958) was a German oberingenieur (senior engineer) and esotericist. He was born in Langenau, Dresden, Sachsen (Saxony), Germany, and died in a hospital in Berlin, Germany, after a short illness. His parents were Karl Oswald Hesse and Minna Lina Liebscher. In the 1950s his address was Westfaelische Strasse 58, Berlin-Halensee (in the borough of Charlottenburg), Berlin, Germany (See: [1] and [2]). Hesse was a channel/medium for a spiritual entity which identified itself to him as "the Word." It was this entity who dictated most of the information Hesse published in his book Der jüngste Tag (1st edition, 1950), the manuscript of which Hesse completed during Easter, 1949. Hesse believed that the spiritual entity who communicated to him most of the information in Der jüngste Tag is the same being referred to as the "Word" in the New Testament (see John 1:1-14). In Christian theology/Christian esotericism, the "Word" is the spiritual entity otherwise known as the "Logos", the "Christ", the "Christ Spirit", the "Cosmic Christ Spirit", or the "Christ Consciousness".
  4. ^ The 1st German-language edition of Der jüngste Tag was published by Verlag 'Die Arve' (located in Winden, Kanton Thurgau, Switzerland) in 1950. Shortly after Hesse's death (Dec. 30, 1958) - in 1959 - Johannes Imhof (the founder and proprietor of Verlag 'Die Arve') published the 2nd German-language edition of Der jüngste Tag. At the end of this 2nd edition of the book - on pp. 134-135 - Imhof added a brief obituary of Hesse (dated Easter, 1959), giving the date and place of Hesse's death, as well as some other information. Imhof's obituary of Hesse has also been printed in all subsequent German-language editions of Der jüngste Tag (3rd ed., 1967; 4th ed., 1986; 5th ed., 1995). The full title of the 2nd German-language edition of the book is: Der jüngste Tag: Das Gewissen als Offenbarung der Alliebe durch die Manasische Vibration. Ein Buch an die Menschheit, das von den kommenden Dingen spricht und von dem Wort, das seit Anfang ist (Winden, Thurgau, Switzerland: Verlag 'Die Arve', 1959) (See: [3]) (The Last Day: Conscience as Universal Love, Revealed through the Manasic Vibration. A Book to Humanity, which Speaks of the Coming Things, and of the Word which has been from the Beginning.)
  5. ^ Bio-Bibliographical Reference #1 for Paul Otto Hesse (1889-1958)
  6. ^ Bio-Bibliographical Reference #2 for Paul Otto Hesse (1889-1958)
  7. ^ Bio-Bibliographical Reference #3 for Paul Otto Hesse (1889-1958)
  8. ^ Many internet writers state - mistakenly - that Paul Otto Hesse was an astronomer, and that he made certain discoveries about the Pleiades in 1961. Since Hesse died on December 30, 1958, this date of 1961 is obviously false. The claim that he was an astronomer is also false, but at least that claim was a reasonable supposition, since, outside of Germany, very little of a factual nature was known about Paul Otto Hesse - until recently. It appears that some internet writers who were not careful in their research misidentified Paul Otto Hesse with the German mathematician Ludwig Otto Hesse (1811-1874), who is referred to in various sources just as "Otto Hesse". This misidentification, in turn, then led to the further error of confusing some of the writings of Ludwig Otto Hesse with those of one of his teachers - the German astronomer Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784-1846), who had made several noteworthy original scientific discoveries about stars in the Pleiades group. Bessel, who was Director of the Königsberg Observatory (de:Sternwarte Königsberg) from 1810-1846, had been one of Ludwig Otto Hesse's teachers at the Albertus University of Königsberg. Bessel revealed some of his discoveries about Pleiadean stars in his "A Catalogue of Twenty-seven Stars of the Pleiades", which was published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Vol. 5, December, 1839, p. 7). The ultimate consequence of this unfortunate comedy of errors was that - for a long time - many internet writers mistakenly believed that the once mysterious and hard-to-identify Paul Otto Hesse was an astronomer. Another reason Paul Otto Hesse and Ludwig Otto Hesse may have gotten confused with each other is the fact that, in addition to Der jüngste Tag, Paul Otto Hesse also wrote a mathematical treatise dealing with the mathematical/metaphysical problem known as "the squaring (quadrature) of the circle". This treatise was titled Geometrische Konstruktion der quadratur des Zirkels [Beurkundet durch die Cheopspyramide, exaktes [pi]: 3, 141 677 692 349 533 120 838 1536] Das mathematische Wunder der altaegyptischen Mysterien (Berlin-Halensee, Germany: Self-Published by the Author, 1953) (See: [4]) (Geometric Construction of the Squaring of the Circle [Illustrated by the Cheops Pyramid, exact pi = 3.141 677 692 349 533 120 838 1536] - The Mathematical Miracle of Ancient Egyptian Mysteries). Careless writers may have assumed that mathematician Ludwig Otto Hesse was the author of this work, resulting in Paul Otto Hesse receiving no acknowledgment as being the actual author of the work, and thereby further confusing the identities of the 2 men.
  9. ^ Der jüngste Tag (The Last Day) (Bietigheim/Württemberg, Germany: Turm-Verlag, 5th Edition, 1995) (ISBN 3799902392) by Paul Otto Hesse - Referenced in: Die Transformation der Materie by Edwin Zimmerli (English translation)
  10. ^ M. Kahir, Nahe an 2000 Jahre. Gegenwart und Zukunft in prophetischer Schau. Turm-Verlag Bietigheim/Württ, 6. Aufl. 1981, pp. 309-318.
  11. ^ a b Is the earth about to enter the Photon Belt, causing the end of life as we know it?, The Straight Dope, September 13, 1996
  12. ^ NASA article about visual distortions near a black hole