Temporal range: Permian - Jurassic
Jeletzky in Sweet, 1964
Jeletzky characterized phragmoteuthids as having a large tripartite, fanlike pro-ostracum forming the longest portion of the shell, attached to about three-quarters of the circumference of a comparatively small breviconic phragmocone with short camerae and superficially belemnitid-like siphuncle, an absent or much reduced rostrum at the apical part of the phragmocone, belemnite-like arm hooks, an ink sack, beaks resembling those of Recent teuthids, and a muscular mantle.
Donovan(2006), gives a similar description for Phragmoteuthis from the Jurassic of Dorset, England. Notes phragmocones as having an apical angle of between 20 and 30 degrees, and relatively few chambers compared with belemnoids; a multi-layered conotheca, thick-walled siphuncle, and a long, three-lobed pro-ostracum as in the Triassic species. Arms are short and bear pairs of slightly curved hooks.
- Order Phragmoteuthida
- Doguzhaeva, L. 2002. "Adolescent bactritoid, orthoceroid, ammonoid and coleoid shells from the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian of the South Urals." (PDF). Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 57: 9–55.
- D.T. Donovan 2006. Phragmoteuthida (Cephalopoda: coleoidea) from the Jurassic of Dorset, England. Palaeontology Vp; 49 Issue 3 pp 673 -684 May 2006. 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belemnoidea.|