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Temporal range: Late Triassic – Early Jurassic
Phragmoteuthis conocauda.JPG
Phragmoteuthis conocauda
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Coleoidea
Cohort: Belemnoidea
Order: Phragmoteuthida
Family: Phragmoteuthidae
Genus: Phragmoteuthis
Mojsisovics, 1882
  • P. bisinuata (Bronn, 1859)
  • P. conocauda (Quenstedt, 1849)
  • P. huxleyi Donovan, 2006
  • P. montefiorei (Buckman, 1880)
  • ?P. ticinensis Rieber, 1970
  • Acanthoteuthis bisinuata Bronn, 1859
  • Acanthoteuthis conocauda Quenstedt, 1849
  • Belemnotheutis montefiorei Buckman, 1880

Phragmoteuthis is a genus of coleoid cephalopod known from the late Triassic[1] to the lower Jurassic.[2] Its soft tissue has been preserved; some specimens contain intact ink sacs,[1] and others, gills.[3] It had an internal phragmocone[1] and ten arms.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Doguzhaeva, L.; Summesberger, H.; Mutvei, H.; Brandstaetter, F. (2007). "The mantle, ink sac, ink, arm hooks and soft body debris associated with the shells in Late Triassic coleoid cephalopod Phragmoteuthis from the Austrian Alps". Palaeoworld 16 (4): 272–284. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2007.08.002. 
  2. ^ Mutvei, H.; Donovan, D. T. (2006), "Siphuncular structure in some fossil coleoids and Recent Spirula", Palaeontology 49 (3): 685–691, doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2006.00533.x 
  3. ^ Joachim Reitner (2009-11-11). "Preserved gill remains in Phragmoteuthis conocauda (Quenstedt, 1846-49) (Toarcian, Southern Western Germany)" (PDF). Berliner paläobiologische Abhandlungen 10: 289–295. 
  4. ^ Donovan, D. T. (2006). "Phragmoteuthida (Cephalopoda: Coleoidea) from the Lower Jurassic of Dorset, England". Palaeontology 49 (3): 673–684. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2006.00552.x.