Rice paddy fields
District location in Chiang Mai Province
|• Total||1,148.2 km2 (443.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||45.5/km2 (118/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
Phrao (Thai: พร้าว, pronounced [pʰráːw]) is a district (amphoe) in the north-eastern part of Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand. Its major town, Phrao, lies 107 km north-northeast of Chiang Mai. The meaning of Phrao in English is 'coconut'.
The name Phrao was given to this city around 1281 by King Mangrai of Lan Na who had been on his way to invade Hariphunchai Kingdom. After this, Mangrai sent his third son, Khrua to rule Phrao. Hereafter, Phrao became one of the important cities of the Lan Na Kingdom.
The Khun Tan Range stretches from north to south along the eastern side of the district.
The district is divided into 11 sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 108 villages (muban). Wiang Phrao is a township (thesaban tambon), which covers parts of tambon Wiang and the whole of Thung Luang. There are a further nine tambon administrative organizations (TAO).
- Chiang Mai Chronicle, 1998, pp.28,32
- Chiang Mai Chronicle, 1998, pp.54
- Ongsakul, 2005, p.80
- Chiang Mai Chronicle, 1998, pp.78
- The Chiang Mai Chronicle 2nd ed, tr. David K. Wyatt and Aroonrut Wichienkeeo, Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books, 1998, ISBN 978-974-7100-62-4
- Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, "The Vale of Phrao" in: Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 3. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006IN1RNW
- Ongsakul, Sarassawadee, History of Lan Na, trans. Chitraporn Tanratanakul, Chian Mai: Silkworm Books, Thai text 2001, English text 2005, ISBN 978-974-9575-84-0
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