Phrygian cap (anatomy)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Phrygian cap results from folding of the gallbladder fundus.

In medicine, a Phrygian cap is the folded portion of some gallbladders that resembles the Phrygian cap (a soft conical cap with the top pulled forward, associated in antiquity with the inhabitants of Phrygia, a region of central Anatolia). It is a normal anatomical variant seen in 1-6% of patients.[citation needed] It is caused by a fold in the gallbladder where the gallbladder fundus joins the gallbladder body.[1] Apart from the chance of being mistaken for stones on a sonogram, it has no other medical implications nor does it predispose one to other diseases.[citation needed] However, due to potential decrease in bile flow, it may warrant a preventative removal of the gallbladder.[2]


  1. ^ Meilstrup JW, Hopper KD, Thieme GA (December 1991). "Imaging of gallbladder variants". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 157 (6): 1205–8. doi:10.2214/ajr.157.6.1950867. PMID 1950867. 
  2. ^ Kerr JH, Cox T (2003). "Effects of telic dominance and metamotivational state on squash task performance". Percept Mot Skills. 67: 171–4. doi:10.2466/pms.1988.67.1.171. PMID 3211669. 

External links[edit]