Phu Pha Thoep National Park

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Phu Pha Thoep National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Phu Pha Thoep National Park
Map showing the location of Phu Pha Thoep National Park
Park location in Thailand
LocationMukdahan Province, Thailand
Nearest cityMukdahan
Coordinates16°26′21″N 104°45′24″E / 16.43917°N 104.75667°E / 16.43917; 104.75667Coordinates: 16°26′21″N 104°45′24″E / 16.43917°N 104.75667°E / 16.43917; 104.75667
Area48.5 km2 (20 sq mi)
Governing bodyDepartment of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Phu Pha Thoep National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติภูผาเทิบ), formerly known as Mukdahan National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติมุกดาหาร), is a national park in Mukdahan Province, Thailand. This park, one of the country's smallest national parks, is home to unusual rock formations and a cave with ancient hand paintings.[1]


Phu Pha Thoep National Park is located about 17 kilometres (11 mi) south of Mukdahan in Mueang and Don Tan districts. The park's area is 48.5 square kilometres (20 sq mi). The highest point is Phu Jongsi peak at 420 metres (1,400 ft).[2]


Phu Pha Thoep National Park is home to a cave with hand paintings estimated to be 3,000 to 5,000 years old. The cave name, Tham Fa Mue Daeng, means "red hand", referring to the red colour of the paintings.[1][2]


Phu Tam Pra is a mainly seasonal waterfall. Above this waterfall is a cave grotto housing a three-foot wide Buddha image along with hundreds of smaller wooden Buddha images and animal models.[1][2]

The park's namesake mountain Phu Pha Thoep hosts a complex of rocks in eroded formations thought to resemble mushrooms, temples, swans etc.[1][2] The viewpoint atop Phu Mano affords views of Mukdahan city, the Mekong river and neighbouring Laos.[2]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park features forest types including mixed and deciduous. Tree species include Malabar ironwood, Burmese ebony, makha, rosewood, heang (a dipterocarp), tiew (in the Guttiferae family), wild champaka, Moulmein cedar, Siamese sal and ingyin.[2]

Animal species include deer and wild boar. The park's many birds include junglefowl, green peafowl and pheasant.[2] In 2005, specimens of a new frog species, Fejervarya triora, were discovered in the park.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d "Introducing Phu Pha Thoep National Park". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Phu Pha Turm National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  3. ^ Chuaynkern, Yodchaiy; Salangsingha, Nakorn; Makchai, Sunchai; Inthara, Chantip; Duengkae, Prateep (2009). "Fejervarya triora (Amphibia, Ranidae): first description of the adult male and recent distribution records". Alytes. International Society for the Study and Conservation of Amphibians. 27 (1): 13–24. Retrieved 13 June 2017.