Phukha language

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Phukha
Phula
Native to China, Vietnam
Ethnicity 18,000 Phula people (undated – 2009)[1]
Native speakers
100,000 (2008–2011)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 phh
Glottolog phuk1235[2]
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Phukha is one of the Loloish languages spoken by the Phula people of Vietnam and China.[1]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Phukha has the following consonants.[3]

Labial Coronal Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular
Central Lateral
Stops Aspirated
Voiceless p t k
Voiced b d ɡ
Affricates Aspirated tsʰ tɬʰ tʂʰ tʃʰ
Voiceless ts
Voiced
Fricatives Voiceless f s ɬ ʂ ʃ χ
Voiced v z ɮ ʐ ʒ ʁ
Voiced laryngealized v* z* ʒ*
Nasals m n ŋ
Approximants w l j

Vowels[edit]

Phukha has the following vowels.[3]

front central back
unrounded
back
rounded
High i ɨ ɯ u
Hi-Mid e ə o
Lo-Mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
Low a

Tones[edit]

Phukha has five tones:[3] high /˥/, mid /˧/, low /˨/, low-rising /˨˦/, and low-falling /˨˩/.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Phukha at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Phukha". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ a b c Pelkey 2005.

References[edit]