Phunoi language

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Native to Laos
Region Phongsaly Province
Ethnicity Phunoi
Native speakers
45,000 (1995–2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pho
Glottolog phun1245[2]

Phunoi is a Loloish language (or languages) of Laos. Dialects are divergent and may be distinct languages; these are Black Khoany, White Khoany, Mung, Hwethom, Khaskhong. Bradley cites six languages within Phunoi.[3]


  1. ^ Phunoi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Phunoi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Bradley, David (2007). "East and Southeast Asia". In Christopher Moseley, ed. Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages. London and New York: Routledge.

Further reading[edit]

  • Boute, Vanina. 2010. Names and Territoriality among the Phounoy: How the State creates Ethnic Group (Lao PDR), in C. Culas et F. Robinne (eds.), Inter-Ethnic Dynamics in Asia. Considering the Other through ethnonyms, territories and rituals, London: Routledge, pp. 79–99.
  • Kingsada, Thongpheth. 2002. Languages and Ethnic Classification in the Lao PDR. International Workshop on the "Cultural Diversity and Conservation in the making of Mainland Southeast Asia and Southwestern China: Regional Dynamics in Past and Present". Luang Prabang, Lao P.D.R.