Phyllanthus niruri

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Chanca piedra
Phyllanthus niruri 03520.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Genus: Phyllanthus
Species: P. niruri
Binomial name
Phyllanthus niruri
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Diasperus chlorophaeus (Baill.) Kuntze
  • Diasperus lathyroides (Kunth) Kuntze
  • Diasperus microphyllus (Mart.) Kuntze
  • Diasperus niruri (L.) Kuntze
  • Diasperus rosellus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
  • Niruris annua Raf.
  • Niruris indica Raf.
  • Nymphanthus niruri (L.) Lour.
  • Phyllanthus carolinianus Blanco
  • Phyllanthus chlorophaeus Baill.
  • Phyllanthus ellipticus Buckley nom. illeg.
  • Phyllanthus erectus (Medik.) M.R.Almeida
  • Phyllanthus filiformis Pav. ex Baill.
  • Phyllanthus humilis Salisb.
  • Phyllanthus kirganelia Blanco
  • Phyllanthus lathyroides Kunth
  • Phyllanthus microphyllus Mart. nom. illeg.
  • Phyllanthus mimosoides Lodd. nom. illeg.
  • Phyllanthus moeroris Oken
  • Phyllanthus parvifolius Steud.
  • Phyllanthus purpurascens Kunth
  • Phyllanthus rosellus (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg.
  • Phyllanthus williamsii Standl.
  • Urinaria erecta Medik.

Phyllanthus niruri is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas, known by the common names gale of the wind, stonebreaker or seed-under-leaf. It is a relative of the spurges, belonging to the genus Phyllanthus of the family Phyllanthaceae.

Description[edit]

Phyllanthus niruri

It grows 50–70 cm (20–28 in) tall and bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. It bears numerous pale green flowers which are often flushed with red. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.

Traditional medicine[edit]

Phyllanthus niruri has been used in Ayurveda for problems of the stomach, genitourinary system, liver, kidney and spleen.[2]

Research[edit]

Phyllanthus niruri has been investigated for its potential medicinal benefits. A 2010 review found some evidence that it is effective at inhibiting kidney stone formation, but indicated "longer-term randomized clinical trials are necessary to confirm its therapeutic properties".[3] A Cochrane review from 2011 found that there is "no convincing evidence that phyllanthus, compared with placebo, benefits patients with chronic HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) infection."[4]

Names[edit]

Common names for Phyllanthus niruri include chanca piedra in Spanish, quebra pedra in Portuguese, bhumyamalaki in Ayurveda, and sampa-sampalukan in Tagalog. The herb is known as neala usiri (నేల ఉసిరి) in Telugu, keezha nelli (கீழாநெல்லி, an abbreviation of கீழ்க்காய்-நெல்லி, meaning 'berry under') in Tamil, nela nelli(ನೆಲ ನೆಲ್ಲಿ, ಕಿರುನೆಲ್ಲಿ ಸೂಪ್ಪು) in Kannada,keezhar nelli (കീഴാർ നെല്ലി) in Malayalam . It has many other common names in assorted languages, including dukong anak, dukong-dukong anak, amin buah, rami buah, turi hutan, bhuiaonla, and meniran hijau (in Indonesia), Obukoko in Urhobo language, Nli-ndulie in Ukwani language in Niger-Delta region of Nigeria.gujarati (ભોંઆમલી)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ Patel, Jay Ram; Tripathi, Priyanka; Sharma, Vikas; Chauhan, Nagendra Singh; Dixit, Vinod Kumar (2011). "Phyllanthus amarus: Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology: A review". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 138 (2): 286–313. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.09.040. PMID 21982793. 
  3. ^ Boim, MA; Heilberg, IP; Schor, N (2010). "Phyllanthus niruri as a promising alternative treatment for nephrolithiasis". International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology. 36 (6): 657–64; discussion 664. PMID 21176271. 
  4. ^ Xia, Y; Luo, H; Liu, JP; Gluud, C (13 April 2011). "Phyllanthus species for chronic hepatitis B virus infection". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): CD008960. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008960.pub2. PMID 21491412. 

External links[edit]