Phyllis Ann Wallace
Phyllis A. Wallace (1921–1993) was a distinguished African American economist and activist, as well as the first woman to receive doctorate of economics at Yale University. Her work tended to focus on racial, as well as gender discrimination in the workplace.
Phyllis Ann Wallace
|Born||June 9, 1921|
Calvert County, Maryland
|Died||January 10, 1993 (aged 71)|
|Awards||National Economic Association's Westerfield Award (1981)|
Phyllis was born Annie Rebecca Wallace in Calvert County, Maryland, on June 9, 1921 to John Wallace and Stevella Wallace. She attended a well ranked yet segregated high school, Frederick Douglass High School. After graduating, she went on to attend New York University, receiving a bachelor's degree in economics in 1943., She later attended Yale University for graduate studies, earning a master's degree in 1944 and a PhD in 1948. A mix of encouragement from her Yale economist professor and work at a federal-defense agency made her decide to pursue a career in international economics.
Her work began studying economic growth in the Soviet Union, but later transferred to a focus in workplace economics, joining the senior staff of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in 1965. She became a voice for anti-discrimination in the workplace, and was an important part of the anti-workplace-discrimination contingencies of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Her work shifted again towards economic issues with urban minority youth when she began working for Metropolitan Applied Research (MARC).
Phyllis A. Wallace was the first African American and the first female president of the Industrial Relations Research Association. She also garnered several awards for her accomplishments, including National Economic Association's Westerfield Award in 1981, and awards from several universities, including Yale (1980) and Brown (1986).
Books by Wallace include:
- Pathways to work: Unemployment among black teenage females (1974) Lexington, MA: Lexington Books
- Women, minorities and employment discrimination (1977) Lexington, MA: Lexington Books
- Phyllis Ann Wallace; Linda Datcher; Julianne Malveaux (1982) . Black Women in the Labor Force. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-73063-1.
- editor, Women in the workplace (1982) Boston, MA: Auburn House
- MBAs on the fast track (1989) New York: Harper and Row
- Wayne, Tiffany (2011). American Woman of Science Since 1900. ABC CLIO, LLC. p. 111. ISBN 978-1-59884-158-9.
- Malveaux, Julianne (2004). "Wallace, Phyllis Ann. June 9, 1921-January 10, 1993". In Ware, Susan; Braukman, Stacy Lorraine (eds.). Notable American Women: Completing the Twentieth Century. Harvard University Press.
- Cicarelli, James; Cicarelli, Julianne (2003). Distinguished Women Economists. United States: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 206–208. ISBN 978-0-313-30331-9.
- Malveaux, Julianne (January 4, 2002). A Different Vision: Volume 1. 29 West 35th Street New York NY 10001: Thomas D Boston. pp. 129–135. ISBN 9781134798605.
- Malveaux, Julianne (1994). "Tilting against the wind: Reflections on the life and work of Phyllis Ann Wallace". The American Economic Review. 84 (2): 93–97. JSTOR 2117809.