Xantus leaf-toed gecko

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Xantus' leaf-toed gecko
Phyllodactylus xanti.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gekkonidae
Genus: Phyllodactylus
Species: P. xanti
Binomial name
Phyllodactylus xanti
Cope, 1863[2]

Xantus' leaf-toed gecko, or the leaf-toed gecko (Phyllodactylus xanti ), is a species of New World gecko.

Geographic range[edit]

P. xanti is found in California and Mexico.

Description[edit]

P. xanti has vertical pupils, immovable eyelids, and leaf-like toe pads. It has a brownish, grey, or pinkish dorsum, with a light venter. The granular dorsal scales are interspersed with tubercles.

It often squeaks when handled, and it has a very fragile tail which is readily lost.

This gecko is between 2.5 and 6.2 cm (1.5 and 2.5 inches) in snout-to-vent length (SVL).

Subspecies[edit]

Three subspecies are recognized as being valid, including the nominotypical subspecies.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The common name, Xantus' leaf-toed gecko, and the specific epithet, xanti, commemorate John Xantus,[4] a nineteenth century naturalist active in the United States of America.[5] It is also referred to, ambiguously, as the leaf-toed gecko.

The subspecific names, sloani and zweifeli, are in honor of American herpetologists Allan John Sloan and Richard G. Zweifel, respectively.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

The accepted scientific name and original description were published in 1863 by Edward Drinker Cope.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammerson GA (2007). "Phyllodactylus xanti ". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Phyllodactylus xanti Cope, 1863". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System).
  3. ^ a b Phyllodactylus xanti at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database.
  4. ^ a.k.a. Louis deVesey (1825-1894).
  5. ^ a b Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Phyllodactylus xanti, p. 291; P. x. sloani, p. 246; P. nocticolus zweifeli, p. 294).

Further reading[edit]

  • Behler JL, King FW (1979). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 743 pp. ISBN 0-394-50824-6. (Phyllodactylus xanti, p. 494 + Plate 391).
  • Cope ED (1863). "Descriptions of new American SQUAMATA, in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington". Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 100-106. (Phyllodactylus xanti, new species, pp. 102–103).
  • Smith HM, Brodie ED Jr (1982). Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. New York: Golden Press. 240 pp. ISBN 0-307-13666-3. (Phyllodactylus xanti, pp. 70–71).
  • Stebbins RC (2003). A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition. The Peterson Field Guide Series ®. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin. xiii + 533 pp. ISBN 978-0-395-98272-3. (Phyllodactylus xanti, p. 266 + Plate 24 + Map 73).