From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Temporal range: Famennian
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Class: Placodermi
McCoy, 1848
Order: Arthrodira (?sister or containing group)
(unranked): Phyllolepida
Stensiö 1934
Family: Phyllolepididae
Genus: Phyllolepis
Agassiz 1844
Type species
Phyllolepis concentrica
Agassiz 1844

Phyllolepis ("Leaf scale") is the type genus of Phyllolepida, an extinct taxon of arthrodire placoderm fish from the Devonian. The species of Phyllolepis, themselves, are restricted to Famennian-aged freshwater strata of the Late Devonian.

Phyllolepis lived in freshwater environments, possibly rivers and streams. As with all other known phyllolepids, the species of Phyllolepis were presumed to have been blind, bottom-dwelling predators that detected prey through sensory organs in the surface grooves of their armor plates (which give their plates a distinctive "wooden surface" appearance). Their fossils are found in Europe and North America.


  • Wildlife of Gondwana: Dinosaurs and Other Vertebrates from the Ancient Supercontinent (Life of the Past) by Pat Vickers Rich, Thomas Hewitt Rich, Francesco Coffa, and Steven Morton
  • The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution by John A. Long

External links[edit]