Phyllostachys

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Phyllostachys
Phyllostachys.jpg
Phyllostachys nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Arundinarieae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Siebold & Zucc.
Synonyms[1]

Sinoarundinaria Ohwi

Phyllostachys (/ˌfɪlˈstækɪs, -lə-, -ˈst-/[2][3]) is a genus of Asian bamboo in the grass family.[4][5][6] Many of the species are found in central and southern China, with a few species in northern Indochina and in the Himalayas. Some of the species have become naturalized in parts of Asia, Australia, the Americas, and southern Europe.[7]

The stem or culm has a prominent groove, called a sulcus, that runs along the length of each segment (or internode). Because of this, it is one of the most easily identifiable genera of bamboo. Most of the species spread aggressively by underground rhizomes.[7]

Some species of Phyllostachys grow to 100 ft (30 m) tall in optimum conditions. Some of the larger species, sometimes known as "timber bamboo", are used as construction timber and for making furniture.[7] Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants, though they can become invasive and troublesome in gardens, unless artificially restricted or grown in containers.[8]

The name Phyllostachys means "leaf spike" and refers to the inflorescences.[9]

Some of the smaller species can be grown as bonsai.

Species[10]
formerly included[1]

species now considered better suited to other genera: Bambusa Chimonobambusa Pseudosasa Semiarundinaria Shibataea

Ecology[edit]

Fungi and pathogens growing specifically on Phyllostachys have phyllostachydis or phyllostachydicola species epithets.

Regulations[edit]

Connecticut property owners are liable for the cost of removing Phyllostachys bamboo that grows onto neighboring property, any resulting damages, and fines of $100 per day for growing this bamboo within 40 ft of any adjoining property or public way. [11]

New York has proposed regulations listing P. aurea and P. aureosulcata as prohibited invasive species. [12] [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ "Pronunciation Guide for Plants". Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  3. ^ "Pronunciation of phyllostachys". Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  4. ^ Siebold, Philipp Franz Balthasar von, & Zuccarini, Joseph Gerhard. 1843. Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 3(3): 745–749 descriptions in Latin, commentary in German
  5. ^ Siebold, Philipp Franz Balthasar von, & Zuccarini, Joseph Gerhard. 1843. Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 3(3): plate V (5), figure III (3) at lower right line drawings of Phyllostachys bambusoides
  6. ^ Tropicos, Phyllostachys Siebold & Zucc.
  7. ^ a b c Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 163 刚竹属 gang zhu shu Phyllostachys Siebold & Zuccarini, Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 3: 745. 1843.
  8. ^ Brickell, Christopher, ed. (2008). The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 810. ISBN 9781405332965. 
  9. ^ Coombes, Allen J. (2012). The A to Z of plant names. USA: Timber Press. p. 312. ISBN 978-1-60469-196-2. 
  10. ^ The Plant List search for Phyllostachys
  11. ^ "Connecticut General Statutes Title 22a Chapter 446i Section 22a-381e". Retrieved 2017-03-06. 
  12. ^ "Lands and Forests Emergency, Proposed & Recently Adopted Regulations". Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  13. ^ "Proposed Regulations : 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species Express Terms". Retrieved 2014-05-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Phyllostachys at Wikimedia Commons