C.S.Chao & H.Y.Chou
Phyllostachys atrovaginata is a running bamboo with strongly tapered, stiff, upright culms. It may reveal a fragrant scent during warm weather or when vigorously rubbed.  The common name of "incense bamboo" comes from the unique aroma.  Its culms grow large in diameter relative to height.  Maximum height can reach 10 m (33 ft) with a maximum culm diameter of 7.0 cm (2.7 in).  This bamboo grows in areas ranging from subtropical to temperate and tolerates winter temperatures down to -23 °C (-10 °F),   being a more cold-hardy bamboo.  Like water bamboo, the rhizomes and roots of this species also have air canals as an adaptation for living in wet soil.  The specific epithet atrovaginata or "dark-sheathed" is inspired from the dark green and deep red wine colors of the culm sheaths.  P. atrovaginata has formerly been called Phyllostachys congesta.  
- Daphne Lewis, Carol Miles. Farming Bamboo. Lulu.com. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-4357-0131-1.
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- "Phyllostachys atrovaginata Incense Bamboo". Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- "Phyllostachys atrovaginata in Flora of China". Retrieved 2008-05-17.
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