|Phyllostachys bambusoides at the botanical garden of Villa Durazzo-Pallavicini, Genova Pegli|
Phyllostachys bambusoides, commonly called madake, giant timber bamboo, or Japanese timber bamboo, is a species of flowering plant in the bamboo subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, native to China, and possibly also to Japan.
P. bambusoides is a clump-forming evergreen bamboo, which can reach a height of 15–22 m and a diameter of 10–15 cm. The culms are dark green, quite thick, and very straight. Leaves are dark green. New stalks emerge in late spring and grow quite rapidly, up to 1 m each day. One plant produced culms growing a remarkable 47.6 in (121 cm) in 24 hours. The flowering interval of this species is very long, about 120 years.
This strong plant is in Asia one of the preferred bamboos for building and in the manufacture of furniture. Madake is known for being the most common type of bamboo used in the making of shakuhachi flutes, and is used in numerous Japanese, as well as Chinese, arts and crafts.
P. bambusoides is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate zones worldwide, with numerous cultivars being available. Some are very large and only suitable for parks and large gardens. However, more compact cultivars are also on offer. The following are recipients of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:-
- Brickell, Christopher, ed. (2008). The Royal Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 811. ISBN 9781405332965.
- Robert Austin and Koichiro Ueda, BAMBOO (New York: Walker/Weatherhill, 1970) p. 193.
- Veller, Carl; Nowak, Martin A.; Davis, Charles C. (July 2015). "Letter: Extended flowering intervals of bamboos evolved by discrete multiplication" (PDF). Ecology Letters. 18 (7). ISSN 1461-023X. Retrieved April 2016. Check date values in:
- Carl Zimmer (May 15, 2015). "Bamboo Mathematicians". National Geographic. Retrieved April 2016. Check date values in:
- Yung, Perry (2009). "What is madake bamboo?". www.yungflutes.com.
- "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 78. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
- "RHS Plantfinder - Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Castillonii'". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "RHS Plantfinder - Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Holochrysa'". Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- * "Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold & Zucc". Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
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