|Black bamboo in Bambouseraie de Prafrance at Générargues, Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France|
(Lodd. ex Lindl.) Munro
Phyllostachys nigra, common name black bamboo, is a species of flowering plant in the bamboo subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, native to Hunan Province of China, and widely cultivated elsewhere.
Growing up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 3 m (10 ft) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4–13 cm (2–5 in) long.
Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species  and the form P. nigra f. henonis have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo and as cultivar 'Henon'.
It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide. Unlike golden bamboo, it is not considered an invasive species in the United States.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- Zheng-ping Wang and Chris Stapleton. "Phyllostachys nigra (Loddiges ex Lindley) Munro". Flora of China Online. 22.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra". Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Phyllostachys nigra f. henonis". Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Bamboo Species Source List". American Bamboo Society. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- Invasive Plants of the United States
|Wikispecies has information related to: Phyllostachys nigra|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phyllostachys nigra.|
- "Phyllostachys nigra". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
- John Lindley (1835). "Description of Bambusa nigra". The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. 3. p. 357.
|This Bamboo article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|