Phyllostachys parvifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Phyllostachys parvifolia
Bamboo shoot-phyllostachys parvifolia-jx1241c.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species:
P. parvifolia
Binomial name
Phyllostachys parvifolia
C.D.Chu & H.Y.Chou
Phyllostachys parvifolia
Traditional Chinese安吉金竹
Simplified Chinese安吉金竹

Phyllostachys parvifolia is a running bamboo with thick culms that grow tall for a bamboo that endures cold weather. [1]

Description[edit]

A potential giant even in cooler areas, this bamboo grows with an average height of 7 m (23 ft) reaching up to 12 m (39 ft) or more with a maximum culm diameter of 10 cm (3.9 in). [1] [2] New culms are dark green, paling with age, [1] with a white ring appearing under each node. [2] Branches are short and leaves are small for a bamboo of the genus Phyllostachys. [1] Culm sheath colors of purple-red or brown fade or stripe into light colors of tan or yellow-white further up. [3] Like water bamboo, the rhizomes and roots of this species have air canals as an adaptation for living in wet soil. [2]

Distribution[edit]

This bamboo grows in areas ranging from subtropical to temperate and tolerates winter temperatures down to −21 to −26 °C (−6 to −15 °F) [2] being a more cold hardy bamboo. [4] Its natural distribution in Asia is limited primarily to Zhejiang Province [1] of China, where it is cultivated. [3] Due to difficulties in propagation, availability in cultivation is limited. [1]

Name[edit]

Its common name "Anji golden bamboo" [5] derives from the Chinese, Anji being a county in Zhejiang Province. The specific epithet parvifolia means "small-leaved".

Usage[edit]

This species is grown mainly for edible shoots, while the culms have general purpose uses. [3] Harvested moderately early, the shoots are of excellent flavor. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Paul Whittaker (2005). Hardy Bamboos: Taming the Dragon. Timber Press, Inc. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-88192-685-9.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Phyllostachys parvifolia". Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  3. ^ a b c "Phyllostachys parvifolia in Flora of China". Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  4. ^ "hardiness ratings". Archived from the original on 2012-06-19. Retrieved 2009-07-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. CRC. p. 1716. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.